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TUCoPS :: Phreaking Boxes Blue, Green :: bluebox3.txt

Blue Box: Building Your Own Blue Box by Jester Sluggo (best Blue Box file in this archive!)


                 +--------------------------------+
                 |   Building Your Own Blue Box   |
                 +--------------------------------+
                 |               By               |
                 |          Jester Sluggo         |
                 |     Released: Nov. 27, 1986    |
                 +--------------------------------+



     This Blue Box is based on the Exar 2207 Voltage Controlled Oscillator.
There are other ways to build Blue Boxes, some being better and some not as
good, but I chose to do it this way.  My reason for doing so: because at the
time I started this project, about the only schematic available on BBS's was
the one written by Mr. America and Nickie Halflinger.  Those plans soon (in
about 90 seconds) became very vague in their context with a couple in-
consistencies, but I decided to "rough it out" using those plans (based on the
Exar 2207 VCO) and build the Blue Box using that as my guide.  During the
construction of the Blue Box, I decided to type-up a "more complete and clear"
set of Blue Box schematics than the file that I based mine on, in order to help
others who may be trying/thinking of building a Blue Box.  I hope these help.

     Note:  You should get a copy of the Mr. America/Nickie Halflinger Blue Box
plans.  Those plans may be of help to anyone who may have difficulty
understanding these plans.  Also, these plans currently do not support CCITT.

+---------------------------------+
| Why should I build a Blue Box ? |
+---------------------------------+

    Many of you may have that question, and here's my answer. Blue Boxing was
the origin of phreaking (excluding whistling). Without the advent of Blue
Boxes, I feel that some of the advances in the telecommunications industry
would've taken longer to develop (The need to stop the phone phreaks forced
AT+T Bell Laboratories to "step up" their development to stop those thieves!).
     There is no harm in building a Blue Box (except the knowledge you will
gain in the field of electronics).  Although there are software programs (Soft
Blue Boxes) available for many micro's that will produce the Blue Box
Multi-Frequency (MF) tones, they are not as portable as an actual Blue Box (you
can't carry your computer to a telephone, so you must use it from home which
could possibly lead to danger).
     Many phreaks are announcing the end of the Blue Box Era, but due to
discoveries I have made (even on ESS 1A and possibly ESS 5), I do not believe
this to be true.  Although many people consider Blue Boxing "a pain in the
ass", I consider Blue Boxing to be "phreaking in its' purest form".  There is
much to learn on the current fone network that has not been written about, and
Blue Boxes are necessary for some of these discoveries.  The gift of free fone
calls tends to be a bonus.

     Note: Blue Boxes also make great Christmas gifts!

+---------------------------------------+
| Items needed to construct a Blue Box. |
+---------------------------------------+
     Here is the list of items you will need and where you can get them.  It
may be a good idea to gather some of the key parts (the chips, and especially
the potentiometers, they took about 6 months to back order through Digi-key.  A
whole 6 fucking months!) before you start this project.  Also, basic
flinger Blue Box
plans.  Those plans may be of help to anyone who may have difficulty
underFile area #  3 ... Latest Textfiles and Uploads

Select: t lod5

electronics tools will be necessary, and you might want to test the circuit on
a bread board, then wire-wrap the final project. Also, you will need a box of
some sort to put it in (like the blue plastic kind at Radio Shack that cost
around $5.00).

     Note: An oscilliscope should be used when tuning in the
           potentiometers because the Bell system allows
           only a 7-10% tolerance in the precision of the
           frequencies.

Qty.  Item                 Part No.      Place
---------------------------------------------------
 1  | 4 x 4 Keypad       |             | Digi-Key
 6  | Inverter Chip      | 74C04       |
 32 | Potentiometer      |             |
 1  | 4-16 Converter Chip| 74LS154     |
 1  | 16 Key Decoder     | 74C922      |
 2  | 2207 VCO           | XR2207CP    | Exar Corp.
 3  | .01 uf Capacitor   | 272-1051    | Radio Shack
 5  | .1 uf Capacitor    | 272-135     | Radio Shack
 2  | 1.5K Ohn Resistor  |             | Radio Shack
 2  | 1.0K Ohm Resistor  |             | Radio Shack
 1  | Speaker            |             | From an old Autovon fone.
 1  | 9 Volt Battery     |             | Anywhere

     The resistors should be a +/- 5% tolerance.
     The speaker can be from a regular telephone (mine just happened to be from
an old Autovon phone).  But make sure that you remove the diode.
     The Potentiometers should have a 100K Ohm range (but you may want to make
the calculations yourself to double check).
     The 9-volt battery can be obtained for free if you use your Radio Shack
Free Battery Club card.
     The Exar 2207 VCO can be found if you call the Exar Corp. located in
Sunnyvale, California.  Call them, and tell them the state you live in, and
they'll give the name and phone number to the distributor that is located
closest to you. The 2207 will vary from about $3.00 for the silicon-grade
(which is the one you'll want to use) to about $12.00 for the high-grade
Military chip.
     Note:  When you call Exar, you may want to ask them to send you the
spec-sheets that gives greater detail as to the operation and construction of
the chip.

                     +-------------------+
                     | Schematic Diagram |
                     +-------------------+

             +--------------+            +-------------+
             |  1  2  3  A  |            |  Figure #1  |
             |  4  5  6  B  |            +-------------+
             |  7  8  9  C  |            | Logic Side  |
             |  *  0  #  D  |            +-------------+
             ++-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
              1 | 3 | 5 | 7 |           (VCC)
              | 2 | 4 | 6 | 8           (+5 Volts)    +----+
              | | | < u | | |             [+]         |   _|_
              | | | | | | | |              |          |   \_/GND
           +--+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+----+      +--+----------+---+
           |  2 | 11| 10| 7 |    |      |  14         7   |
   (.01C)  |  | 3 | 4 | 8 | 1  12+------+1                |
   +--||---+5                  13+------+2   (*74C04*)    |
  _|_      |                     |      |                 |
  \_/GND   |     (*74C922*)      |      +-----------------+
     +--||-+6                    |
     |(.1C)|                     |
    _|_    |                    |
    \_/GND |   9  17 16 15 14  18|
           +--+--+--+--+--+---+--+
              |  |  |  |  |   |
             _|_ A  B  C  D   |
          GND\_/ |  |  |  |  [+] (VCC)      [+] (VCC)
                 |  |  |  |      (+5 volts)  |  (+5 volts)
                 |  |  |  |                  |
          -------+--+--+--+------------------+-----------------
          |      23 22 21 20                 24             18+-+
    +-----+12                                                 | +--+
    |     |                 (*74LS154*)                     19+-+ _|_
   _|_    |                                                   |   \_/
   \_/GND |  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 13 14 15 16 17   |   GND
          +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+-+--+--+--+--+--+--+----+
             1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
             |  |  |  |  |  |  |  |  | |  |  |  |  |  |  |
                                                         |    (Connects)
                                                         | +---------->
                                +------------------------+ |  (Figure 2)
                                |       +--+       +-------+
                                |       |  |       |
                             +--+-------+--+-------+---+
                             |  3--|>o--4  5--|>o--6   |
                             |   (Invtr.)   (Invtr.)   |
             +---------------+7                        |
            _|_              |        (*74C04*)        |
         GND\_/   (VCC) [+]--+14                       |
                (+5 volts)   |                         |
                             +-------------------------+



    +-------------+                                  _
    |  Figure #2  |                                 / |
+---+-------------+----+          +----------------+  |
| Tone Generation Side |         _|_               |  | SPKR
+----------------------+      GND\_/    +---+--+---+  |
                                        |   |       \_|
                                        |   |
                                        |   |  +---------------+
           +-------+                    |   |  |               |
           |      _|_                   |   +--+14             |
           |      \_/GND                |      |  (Repeat of)  |
           |                            |      |    (First)    |
         ----- (.1C)                    |      |   (Circuit)   |
         -----                          |      |               |
           |                            |      | (*XR2207CP*)  |
           |       +-----------------+  |   +--+6              |
           |       |                 |  |   |  |               |
   [+]-----+-------+1              14+--+   |  +---------------+
  (VCC)            |                 |      +--------------------+
 (+9 Volts)   +----+2                |                           |
              |    |               12+---------------------+     |
     (.01C) -----  |                 |                    _|_    |
            -----  |  (*XR2207CP*)   |                    \_/GND |
              |    |                 |       1.5K Ohms           |
              +----+3              11+---+---\/\Rx/\/---+--+     |
                   |                 |   |              | _|_    |
                   |                 |   +---\/\Rx/\/---+ \_/GND |
                   |                 |       1.0K Ohms           |
                   |               10+----+                      |
     +-------------+6               9+----+---+                  |
     |             |                8+----+   |                  |
     |             |                 |      ----- (.1C)          |
     |             +-----------------+      -----                |
     +---------+                             _|_      +----------+
     |         | Pot.                     GND\_/ Pot. |          |
     |        \/\/\/\/--+-----------------------\/\/\/\/         |
     |         1400 Hz. |                        1600 Hz.        |
     +---------+        |                             +----------+
     |         | Pot.   |                        Pot. |          |
     |        \/\/\/\/--+----------------+------\/\/\/\/         |
     |         1500 Hz. |                |       900 Hz.         |
     |                  |                |                       |
     |     14 more      |                |       14 More         |
     |   Potentiometers |                |     Potentiometers    |
     |     in this      |                |       in this         |
     |   area left out  |                |     area left out     |
     |   for simplicity |                |     for simplicity    |
     |                  |                |                       |
     |                  |                |                       |
                        |
            (Connects)  |
          <-------------+
            (Figure 1)


+-------------------------+
| Multiplex Keypad System |
+-------------------------+

     First, the multiplex pattern used in the 4x4 keypad layout. I suggest that
keys 0-9 be used as the Blue Box's 0-9 keys, and then you can assign A-D, *, #
keys to your comfort (ie. * = Kp, # = St, D = 2600, and A-C as Kp1, Kp2   or
however you want).

     Note: On your 2600 Hz. key (The D key in example above)
           it may be a good idea to tune in a second
           potentiometer to 3700 Hz. (Pink Noise).

    Keypad      Key Assignments   Multiplex Pattern
  +---------+   +-------------+    +------------+
  | 1 2 3 A |   | 1  2  3  4  |    | 1  2  3  A |----Y1=8   X1=3
  | 4 5 6 B |   | 5  6  7  8  |    | 4  5  6  B |----Y2=1   X2=5
  | 7 8 9 C |   | 9  10 11 12 |    | 7  8  9  C |----Y3=2   X3=6
  | * 0 # D |   | 13 14 15 16 |    | *  0  #  D |----Y4=4   X4=7
  +---------+   +-------------+    +------------+
                                     |  |  |  |
                                     X1 X2 X3 X4

+----------------------+
| Blue Box Frequencies |
+----------------------+

     This section is taken directly from Mark Tabas's "Better Homes and Blue
Boxing" file Part 1.

Frequenies (Hz)  Domestic  Int'l
----------------------------------
 700+900            1        1
 700+1100           2        2
 900+1100           3        3
 700+1300           4        4
 900+1300           5        5
1100+1300           6        6
 700+1500           7        7
 900+1500           8        8
1100+1500           9        9
1300+1500           0        0

 700+1700          ST3p     Code 11
 900+1700          STp      Code 12
1100+1700          KP       KP1
1300+1700          ST2p     KP2
1500+1700          ST       ST
2600+3700      *Trunking Frequency*

     Note: For any further information about the uses or duration of the
frequencies, read the Mark Tabas files.

+----------------+
| Schematic Help |
+----------------+

     This is the Key to the diagrams in the schematic.  I hope that they help
more then they might hurt.

    _|_
    \_/GND   is the Ground symbol

     | |
  ---| |--   is the Capacitor symbol
     | |     (.1C)  stands for a .1 uf Capacitor
             (.01C) stands for a .01 uf Capacitor
     |
   -----
   -----     is another Capacitor symbol
     |

--\/\Rx/\/-- is the Resistor symbol (The 1.5K Ohm and 1.0K Ohm
                                     Resistors are at +/- 5% )
---+
   |
  \/\/\/\/-- is the Potentiometer symbol (The frequncies I supplied
                                          above are just examples.)
 --|>o--     is the Inverter symbol

+------------+
| Conclusion |
+------------+

     This is just one way to build a Blue Box.  If you choose this way, then I
hope this file is adequate enough to aid you in the construction.  Although
these are not the best plans, they do work. This file does not tell you how to
use it or what to do once it's built.  For that information I mention that you
read Mark Tabas's "Better Homes and Blue Boxing" files, or any other files/BBS
subboards that deal with that realm.
     If you need help, I sluggest (thanks for that one Taran) that you ask a
close friend, possibly an electronics teacher, or a phreak friend to help you.
Also, if you need help or have questions or comments about this file, you can
address them to me.  I can be contacted through the LOD/H Technical Journal
Staff account on the boards listed in the Intro, or on the few boards I call.

+-------------+
! Credentials !
+-------------+

     At last, this article would not be possible without the help of the
following people/places whom contributed to it in one way or another (it may
not be apparent to them, but every minute bit helps).

Deserted Surfer   (Who helped immensly from Day 1 of this project.)
                  (Without his help this file would not be.)
Mark Tabas        (For the BHBB files which inspired my interests.)
Nickie Halflinger (For the original Blue Box plans I used.)
Mr. America       (For the original Blue Box plans I used.)
Lex Luthor
Cheap Shades
Exar Corp.

Lastly, I would like to thank the United States government for furnishing
federal grants to this project. Without their financial help, I would have had
to dish out the money from my own pocket (Approximately $80.00. Egads!)



    Jester Sluggo

(>---------------------------------------------------------------------------<)


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