Visit our newest sister site!
Hundreds of free aircraft flight manuals
Civilian • Historical • Military • Declassified • FREE!


TUCoPS :: Phreaking Boxes Blue, Green :: bluebox.txt

The Art and Practice of Blue Boxing (UNCUT plans from Osuny) (circa 1982)

EDITOR'S NOTE:

 While Blue Boxes may not work today, many people continue to express 
interest in the subject. Although this is only ONE of the reasons I 
decided to compile this information. The second reason is the fact that I
have seen at least eight different versions of this file, and none of them 
were complete. So, essentially I have compiled what I believe to be the
"unedited plans" for those of you interested in learning more about Blue
Boxes. The text itself is completely uncut except for the addition of
line breaks which give the file a neater appearance. The upper case typing
which appeared in the original file has not been altered. Spelling and
grammatical errors have not been corrected either. I hope some of you will
find this information useful.

Enjoy,

Cyber Thief
http://members.wbs.net/homepages/c/y/b/cyberthief128.html


 The original plans first appeared on the Osuny Bulletin Board 
System (now defunct) around 1982 or 1983.




                     \-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=/
                     \                  /
                     \    THE ART AND   /
                     \    PRACTICE OF   /
                     \    BLUE BOXING   /
                     \                  /
                     \=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-/

                   =)>ORIGINALLY TYPED BY:<(=
                     ^-NICKIE HALFLINGER-^
                    ^-  & MR. AMERICA  -^

THIS IS THE TONE MATRIX FOR A BOX WHICH GENERATES
TONES THAT OPERATORS USE TO DIAL..ROTARY WORKS AS WELL,
ON OPERATOR LINES, BUT THIS IS TECHNOLOGICAL(!).
NOW I AGREE WITH THE OPINION OF A WELL KNOWN PHREAK
THAT 'BOXING' IS/WILL BE FOR THE MOST PART DEAD, BUT
THIS IS TRADITION... FIRST,YOU DIAL DIR.ASST, OR AN OPER. ETC,
THEN YOU BLAST THE LINE WITH A 2600HZ TONE. THIS GIVES YOU THE
LINE, THIS IS ALSO HOW MA BELL TRACKS DOWN BLUE BOXERS...


THERE ARE 2600HZ DETECTORS SYSTEMS, AND
EVEN ON OLD #4 CROSSBARS... ONCE ON A OPER.TRUNK LINE,
YOU USE YOUR BLUE BOX/ROTARY TO DIAL...
SO, IF YOU USE 2600HZ, WHICH IS NECESSARY, UNLESS YOU
ARE *VERY* CAREFUL, YOU WILL BE SNAGGED.
FINALLY, THIS IS WHAT YOU READ! SO LONG AND HARD FOR:

 
700   :   1   :   2   :   4   :   7   :  11   :
900   :   +   :   3   :   5   :   8   :  12   :
1100  :   +   :   +   :   6   :   9   :  KP   :
1300  :   +   :   +   :   +   :  10   :  KP2  :
1500  :   +   :   +   :   +   :   +   :  ST   :
      :  900  : 1100  : 1300  :  1500 : 1700  :

USE KP TO START A CALL, AND ST TO STOP, WITH
THE BELOVED 2600HZ TONE TO DISCONNECT.
I ALSO HEAR THAT 2600HZ RESETS SPRINT NODES AND
GIVES YOU THEIR INITIAL TONE..
NOW, IF YOU'RE WONDERING ABOUT WHAT TO CALL FROM AN
OPERATOR TRUNK, HERE ARE SOME GOODIES TO HELP YOU OUT:

XXX+101 - TOLL  SWITCHING
XXX+121 - LOCAL OPERATOR
XXX+131 - INFORMATION
XXX+141 - RATE & ROUTE
XXX+181 - COIN REFUND OPERATOR
XXX+11501 - MOBILE OPERATOR
XXX+11521 - MOBILE OPERATOR
XXX+11511 - CONFERENCE OPERATOR

THESE WORK WITH ROTARY OR OPERATORS TONES, BUT ONLY ON OPER.
TRUNK LINES...

THANKS FOR LISTENING!


                       BLUE BOXES, PART II


     WHILE READING THE FINE ARTICLE ON THE BLUE BOX I SAW THAT 
THERE A LOT OF DATA LEFT OUT OF THE DOCUMENT. I HOPE THIS ADDS, 
IN SOME SMALL WAY, TO THE INFORMATION.

FIRST THE TONES. WHILE ALL THE INFORMATION IS CORRECT, THE 
TIMING SPECS WERE NOT INCLUDED. THE TONE PAIRS ARE TO REMAIN ON 
FOR 1/10 SEC. WITH 1/10 SEC. OF SLIENCE BETWEEN DIGITS. THE 'KP' 
TONES SHOULD BE SENT FOR 2/10 SEC. A WAY TO DEFEAT THE 2600HZ 
TRAPS IS TO SEND ALONG WITH THE 2600HZ SOME PINK NOISE (MOST OF 
THE ENERGY IN THIS SIGNAL SHOULD BE ABOVE 3000HZ, THIS SIGNAL 
WON'T MAKE IT OVER THE TOLL NETWORK, BUT SHOULD CARRY AS FAR AS 
YOUR LOCAL TOLL CENTER) SO THAT THE TRAPS WON'T FIND 'PURE' 
2600HZ ON THE TRUNK. THIS IS NOT A PERFECTLY SAFE WAY TO BOX, 
BUT IT SHOULD SLOW DOWN THE DISCOVERY.

     AS TO USE,  THE FIRST THING YOU NEED TO UNDERSTAND IS THAT 
THERE ARE TWO (2) TYPES OF TOLL COMPLETING  TRUNK, INWARD AND 
OUTWARD. THE NAMES ARE REFERENCE TO THE OFFICE THAT IS SWITCHING 
THE CALL (THE TOLL CENTER THAT SERVES THE WATS LINE YOU CALLED) 
AND EACH TYPE OF TRUNK HAS A DIFFERENT CLASS OF SERVICE. FROM AN 
INWARD TOLL COMPLETING TRUNK, YOU CAN REACH THE DIFFERENT SERVICE 
OPERATORS, THE TOLL TEST BOARD, AND THE INWARD OPERATOR. SOME 
OFFICES ALSO ALLOW REMOTE TESTING AND IT IS IN THESE OFFICES THAT 
YOU CAN ACCESS THE OUTWARD TOLL COMPLETING TRUNKS. THE OUTWARD 
TRUNKS ALLOW YOU TO MAKE VERIFICATION (EMERGENCY) CALLS,  DO 
SERVICE MONITORING (TAPPING), STACK TRUNKS (BUSY OUT ALL TRUNKS 
BETWEEN LA AND NYC), ENABLE AND DISABLE TSPS POSITIONS, AND IN 
SOME CASES (ON SOME 4A'S) ISSUE TEMPORARY REROUTING INSTRUCTIONS 
(SEND ALL CALLS FROM LA TO NYC VIA MIAMI, BOSTON, OR ANY OTHER 
CLASS 5 OFFICE OR OFFICES). BOTH TYPE OF TRUNK ALLOW YOU TO 
PLACE A 'STANDARD' CALL WITH A BOX.

     IN  SOME OFFICES, MOSTLY THE SMALL ONES WITH A TOLL TEST 
BOARD THAT IS UNATTENDED AT NIGHT AND ON WEEKENDS, YOU CAN GET AN 
OUTWARD TOLL COMPLETING TRUNK AS WELL AS PERFORMING OTHER TEST 
AND ROUTING FUNCTIONS. YOU DO THIS BY USING THREE DIGIT CODES 
THAT ARE INVALID EXCHANGES (NOT OF THE PATTERN NNX [SEE NOTE  1] ).  
DURING THE SIXITES THE CODES USED WERE FAIRLY STANDARD AND 
CONSISTENT, HOWEVER WHEN THE BOXES BECAME POPULAR AND THE PHREAKS 
STARTED DOING THINGS LIKE ROUTING ALL CALLS FROM DALLAS TO  FT. 
WORTH VIA WASHINGTON D.C. MOTHER STARTED CHANGING THE TEST CODES 
ON A RANDOM (AS FAR AS I KNOW) BASIS. WHAT I WOULD SUGGEST IS
THAT EVERYBODY INTERESTED IN DOING THIS SORT OF THING PICK OUT A 
NICE QUIET LITTLE OFFICE SOMEWHERE AND WORK ON DISCOVERING THE 
CODES ACCEPTABLE TO THAT OFFICE.

     EACH NUMBERING PLAN AREA (NPA, ALSO KNOWN AS AREA CODE) HAS 
AN OFFICE DESIIGNATED AS ITS MASTER OFFICE. THIS OFFICE CONTROLS 
ALL OF THE OTHER TOLL OFFICES IN THE AREA AS WELL AS SERVING AS A 
CONCENTRATION POINT FOR MOST OUT OF AREA CALLS. TO ACCESS THE 
SERVICES OF A NON-MASTER OFFICE YOU NEED IT'S 'CITY  CODE', THIS 
IS A THREE (3) DIGIT CODE THAT IS OF THE FORM 0XX, AND IS SENT 
AFTER THE AREA CODE [SEE NOTE 2].  AS AN EXAMPLE, THE 'CITY CODE' 
FOR CANTON, OHIO IS 042; THUS TO REACH THE INWARD OPERATOR IN 
CANTON, YOU WOULD SEND 'KP-216-042-121-ST' WHERE AS IF YOU WANTED 
THE INWARD OPERATOR IN CLEVELAND, YOU WOULD SEND 'KP-216-121-ST'.  
THE REASON THIS IS NECESSARY IS THAT THE OPERATOR IN CLEVELAND 
CAN'T VERIFY A NUMBER IN CANTON, SO IF YOU WANT TO VERIFY SOMEONE 
IN CANTON YOU NEED THE CITY CODE. ALSO, MOST AREA MASTER OFFICES 
HAVE DEDICATED DATA TRUNKS TO THE NETWORK CONTROL CENTER AND THUS 
DON'T ACCEPT TEST AND REROUTING COMMANDS OVER THE SWITCHED NET-
WORK.
     IN CONCLUSION, THE SWITCHING NETWORK WILL DO A LOT MORE FOR 
YOU THEN CONNECT YOU TO PEOPLE AND THE SMALL OFFICES THAT REQUIRE 
A 'CITY CODE' ARE THE TYPE OF OFFICE TO TRY TO BREAK.


                  NICKIE HAFLINGER, THE COVEN. 
                                        

     NOTE 1:   THE NORMAL FORMAT FOR TELEPHONE NUMBERS IS AS 
               FOLLOWS: NYN/NNX-XXXX. WHERE N=ANY DIGIT EXCEPT 1 
               AND 0; Y=0 OR 1, AND X=ANY DIGIT. YES I KNOW THAT 
               IN SOME AREA CODES THE NNX FORMAT HAS CHANGED TO 
               NXX. THIS IS A NEW OCCURRENCE AND ONLY OCCUR 
               WHERE THERE HAS BE AN  OUTRAGEOUS POPULATION 
               INCREASE IN THE LAST FEW YEARS AND ALL OF THE 
               FUNNY EXCHANGES ARE CONNECTED DIRECTLY TO MASTER 
               OFFICES AND THUS DON'T CONFLICT WITH THE 'CITY 
               CODE' FORMAT.

     NOTE 2:   YOU CAN OBTAIN THE 'CITY CODE' FOR A NUMBER BY 
               CALLING RATE AND ROUTE AND ASKING FOR THE 'NUMBERS 
               ROUTE' TO NYN/NNX(I.E. 914/725). OR IF YOU LEAVE 
               ME A MESSAGE WITH THE AREA CODE AND FIRST THREE OF 
               A NUMBER, I WILL GET YOU THE 'CITY CODE'.





 THIS BULLETIN WILL DEAL ONLY WITH THE BASIC CONTRUCTION,
TROUBLESHOOTING AND ADJUSTMENT OF THE BLUE BOX. IF YOU
WOULD LIKE TO KNOW THE SPECIFIC JOB OF ANY PART IN THE
CIRCUIT JUST WRITE ME A MSG AND I WILL BE GLAD TO ANS-
WER IT.
 
 WE ALL KNOW THAT THE TOUCH TONES FREQUENCIES ARE COMPOSED
OF TWO TONES (TWO DIFFERENT FREQS.) SO THAT IS THE REASON
WHY WE HAVE 2 VCO'S ( VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILATORS). WE
WILL CALL THESE VCO#1 AND VCO#2. IF YOU HAVE NOTICED
VCO#1 ANS VCO#2 ARE EXACTLY THE SAME TYPE OF CIRCUITS.
THAT IS WHY ONLY ONE WAS DRAWN. BUT REMEMBER THAT WHATEVER
GOES FOR VCO#1 ALSO GOES FOR VCO#2. BOTH VCO'S ARE COMPOSED
OF A HANDFULL OF PARTS. ONE CHIP TWO CAPACITORS 2 RESISTORS
AND FIVE POTENTIOMETERS. ALL OF THIS WILL GIVE YOU (WHEN PROPERLY
CALIBRATED) ONE OF THE FREQS. NECESSARY (THE OTHER ONE WILL
COME FROM VCO#2) FOR THE OPERATION OF THE BB. BOTH OF THESE
FREQS. WILL BE MIXED IN THE SPEAKER THUS FORMING THE REQUIRED
TONE.

THIS IS ONE OF THE MOST SOPHISTICATED DESIGNS I HAVE EVER MADE.
WHY?. BECAUSE OTHER DESIGNS WILL DRAIN THE BATTERY AFTER 10 -
CALLS! THIS DESIGN WILL MAKE THEM LAST 10 MONTHS!!!!!!. BUT
NEVER THE LESS DON'T FORGET TO PUT IN A SWITCH FOR ON AND OFF.
 OK LET'S BUILD THE TWO VCO'S AND CALIBRATE THE UNIT BEFORE
WE GET TO THE KEYBOARD CONTRUCTION.
 
 
                       VCO CONTRUCTION
                       === ===========
  TOOLS REQUIRED
 
 1 OCILLISCOPE    (RECOMENDED BUT NOT REQUIRED)
 1 FREQ. COUNTER   (REQUIRED)
 1 VOLT METER       "  "  "
  ELECTRONICS TOOLS  (PLIERS,DRILL, SCREWDRIVERS, ETC)
 
 
      PARTS
 
 R1    1.5K RESISTOR  5%
 R2    1K   RESISTOR  5%
 C1    .1UF ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR   16VDC
 C2    .01UF ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR (MYLAR) 16VDC
 IC1   2207  VCO CHIP  BY EXAR ELECTRINICS
 REMEMBER THE ABOVE IT IS ONLY FOR VCO#1 BUT THE SAME GOES FOR
VCO#2.
 
  R3-R4  150 OHM RESISTORS  5%
  C3-C4   .1 UF  ELECTROLITIC CAPACITOR   10VDC
  P1-P10 200K TRIMMER POT - 20 TURNS
  DIODES USED IN THE KEYBOARD ARE 1N914 TYPE (40 OF THEM)
  AND 13 SWITCHES FOR THE KEYBOARD SPST. MOMENTARY.
 
  SPKR= YOU CAN USE A TELEPHONE SPEAKER FOR THIS(IT WORKS BEST)
        BUT REMEMBER TO TAKE OUT THE DIODE THAT IS CONNECTED 
        ACCROSS IT.

****************************************************************
                 IMPORTANT NOTES
 
   1 DO NOT USE ANYTHING ELSE THAN A MYLAR CAPACITOR FOR C2
   2 PINS 10,9,8 SHOULD BE TIED TOGETHER AND BE LEFT  FLOATING.
   3 ALL RESISTOR SHOULD BE 5%! NOTHING ELSE
   4 A TELEPHONE SPEAKER GIVES THE BEST RESULTS
*****************************************************************
 
 
                TROUBLE SHOOTING
 
 BY NOW YOU SHOULD HAVE CONSTRUCTED THE TWO VCO'S
ON A BREAD BOARD OR ANYTHING THAT PLEASES YOU.
 
 CHECK FOR COLD SOLDER JOINTS, BROKEN WIRES, POLARITY
OF THE BATTERY, ETC.........
 
 BEFORE WE APPLY POWER TO THE VCO'S WE HAVE TO ADJUST THE POTS
FOR THEIR HALF WAY TRAVEL POINT. THIS IS DONE BY TURNING THEM
21 TURNS TO THE RIGHT AND THEN 10 TURNS TO THE LEFT. DO THE
SAME FOR ALL TEN OF THEM.
 
NOW APPLY POWER TO THE UNIT CHECK TO SEE THAT YOU HAVE POWER
IN THE CHIPS BY PUTTING THE POSITIVE LEAD OF YOUR VOLT METER
ON PIN 7 AND THE NEGATIVE LEAD ON PIN 12. IF YOU DON'T HAVE
ANYTHING THERE TURN OFF THE UNIT ANT RECHECK THE WIRING.
 
WHEN YOU GET THE RIGHT VOLTAGES ON THE CHIPS, CONNECT A
DIODE TO A PIECE OF WIRE (LOOK AT FIG. 2 FOR THE ORIENTATION
OF THE DIODE) FROM GROUND TO ANY POT AT POINT T (LOOK CAREFULLY
AT THE SCHEMATIC FOR POINT T IT IS LABELED T1-T10 FOR ALL POTS)
 YOU SHOLD BE ABLE TO HEAR A TONE, IF NOT DISSCONNECT THE LEAD
AND PLACE THE SPEAKER CLOSE TO YOUR EAR AND IF YOU HEAR A CHIRP
LIKE SOUND, THIS MEANS THAT THE TWO VCO'S ARE WORKING IF YOU DON'T,
IT MEANS THAT EITHER ONE OR BOTH OF THE VCO'S IS DEAD.
SO IN THIS CASE IT IS ALLWAYS GOOD TO HAVE AN OCILLOSCOPE ON HAND.
 
 DISCONNECT THE SPEAKER FROM THE CIRCUIT AND HOOKUP THE OCILLISCOPE
TO ONE OF THE LEADS OF THE SPEAKER AND THE GROUND FROM THE SCOPE
TO THE GROUND OF THE BATTERY. CONNECT AGAIN THE GROUND LEAD
WITH THE DIODE CONNECTED TO IT FROM GROUND TO ANY POT ON THE
VCO THAT YOU ARE CHECKING AND YOU SHOULD SEE A TRIANGLE WAVE
IF NOT TURN THE POT IN WICH YOU ARE APPLYING THE GROUND TO
UNTIL YOU SEE IT. WHEN YOU DO SEE IT DO THE THE SAME FOR THE
OTHER VCO TO MAKE SURE IT IS WORKING. (AMPLITUDE IS ABOUT 2VAC)
 
WHEN YOU GET THE TWO VCO'S WORKING YOU ARE SET FOR THE ADJUSTMENT
OF THE INDIVIDUALS POTS...
 
                       ADJUSTMENT
 
 
   DISCONNECT THE SPEAKER FROM THE CIRCUIT AND CONNECT A FREQ.
COUNTER (THE POSITIVE LEAD OF THE COUNTER TO ONE OF THE SPEAKERS
LEADS THAT BELONGS TO VCO#1 OR CONNECT IT TO PIN 14).
 
   CONNECT THE NEGATIVE LEAD TO THE BATTERY NEGATIVE AND
CONNECT THE JUMPER LEAD WITH THE DIODE FROM GROUND TO POT NUMBER 1
T1 .( THE FIRST POT NUMBER 1 POINT T1)
 IF YOU GOT IT WORKING YOU SHOULD HEAR A TONE AND GET A READING ON THE
COUNTER.  ADJUST THE POT FOR A FREQ. OF 1700HZ AND CONTINUE DOING THE
SAME FOR POTS 2-5 EXCEPT THAT THEY GET DIFFERENTS FREQS.
 
 
                    P1= 1700HZ
                    P2= 1300HZ
                    P3= 1100HZ
                    P4=  900HZ
                    P5= 1500HZ
 
 NOW DISCONNECT THE FREQ. COUNTER FROM THE SPEAKER LEAD OF VCO#1 OR
FROM PIN 14 (WHICH EVER YOU HAD IT ATTACHED TO AT THE BEGINNING) AND
CONNECT IT TO THE SPEAKER LEAD OF VCO#2 OR TO PIN 14 OF VCO#2 AND
PERFORM THE SAME ADJUSTMENTS TO P6-10.
 
                    P6= 1100HZ
                    P7=  700HZ
                    P8=  900HZ
                    P9=  2600HZ   MAGIC NUMBER!!!!!
                    P10= 1500HZ
 
  WHEN YOU FINISH DOING ALL OF THE POT GO BACK AND RECHECK THEM
AGAIN.
 
 
                 KEYBOARD

 IF YOU LOOK AT FIG-2 YOU WILL SEE THAT THE KEYS ARE SIMPLE SWITCHES
CONNECTED TO GROUND AND TWO DIODES ON THE OTHER END. THESE DIODES
ARE USED TO SIMPLIFY THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE KEYBOARD BECAUSE OTHERWISE
THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE GROUND SIGNAL FOR BOTH VCO'S WOULD HAVE BEEN
DONE MECHANICALLY.  ONE DIODE WILL GO TO VCO#1 AND THE OTHER WILL GO TO
VCO#2. FIG-3 SHOWS THE ARRANGEMENT OF THE KEYS ON THE KEYBOARD.
 
 
          BELOW IS A TABLE THAT WILL HELP YOU CONNECT
 THE KEYS TO REQUIRED VCO'S POTS.
 
                TO               TO             FREQ OUT            FREQ OUT
     KEY     POT ON VCO1     POT ON VCO2        PIN 14 VCO1       PIN 14 VCO
      C          1                6              1700              1100
      0          2                10             1300              1500
      E          1                10             1700              1500
      1          4                7               900               700
      2          3                7              1100               700
      3          3                8              1100               900
      4          2                7              1300               700
      5          2                8              1300               900
      6          2                6              1300              1100
      7          5                7              1500               700
      8          5                8              1500               900
      9          5                6              1500              1100
      X          -                9              ----              2600
 
***********************************************************************
* REMEMBER THAT FIG-2 IT IS THE SAME FOR EACH KEY EXCEPT THE "X" WHICH*
* ONLY TAKES ONE DIODE.                                               *
***********************************************************************
 
 
  AS A FINAL WORD YOU CAN BUILD THIS IN ANY TYPE OF ENCLOSURE
AND SHOULD NEVER BE USED TO MAKE FREE CALLS USING THE TELEPHONE
LINES. I HOPE THIS BULLETIN WILL CLEAR ANY QUESTION YOU MAY
HAD ON THE BLUE BOXES.
 
                        IF YOU HAVE ANY QUESTION PLEASE
              LEAVE ME A MSG. AND I WILL BE VERY GLAD TO
              ANSWER IT.         
                                    TXS
                               MR. AMERICA
 
  PS. I WOULD LIKE TO THANK MY KEYBOARD, MY FINGERS, AND ME
FOR HELPING ME WRITTE THIS BULLETTIN. WITHOUT THEIR HELP
I WOULD HAVE NEVER FINISH THIS PROJECT.

                               KEY
                               ===


 FIRST A FEW KEYS TO THE DIAGRAM:

 CX IS CAPACITOR #X   DENOTED BY: ---] ]---


 PX IS POT OR VARIABLE RESISTOR #X  DENOTED BY :/
                                                \
                                                /<--
                                                \
 RX IS RESISTOR #X  DENOTED BY /\/\/\/\


                             SCHEMATICS
                             ==========

      THE XR-2207 CHIP IS A VOLTAGE-CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR AND A 14
 PIN DEVICE THUS YOU MUST BE VERY CAREFUL WHEN SOLDERING THE PARTS
 TO THIS DEVICE. IT IS A LITTLE DIFICULT TO ACTUALLY DRAW A
 SCHEMATIC ON A 80 CHARACTER SCREN USING LIMITED GRAPHICS BUT WILL
 GIVE IT A TRY.
                                         TO GND_____________
                                                           ]
                                                          ___
                                                C2     C3 ___
                                             ']]'          ]
                                            ]    ]    _____]__9V+
                                            ]    ]    ]    ]
                         '   '    '    '    '    '    '    ]
                         -------------------------------   ]
                        ]7   6    5    4    3    2    1 ]  ]
                        ]                               <  ]
                        ]8   9    10   11   12   13   14]  ]
                         -------------------------------   ]
                         '   '    '    '    '    '    '    ]
                                  ]    ]                   ]
                     --] ]--------]    ]                   ]
                     ]C1    R2         ]         R1        ]
           GND ______]___/\/\/\/\______]_____/\/\/\/\______]


      THIS IS A DIAGRAM OF HOW TO LOCATE THE DIFFERENT PINS ON THE
 CHIP PLEASE NOTICE THAT PIN ONE IS THE CLOSEST TO THE NOTCH ON TOP
 OF THE CHIP. THE FIRST THING WE'LL DO IS TO CONNECT POWER TO THE
 CHIP (REMEMBER  THAT  YOU NEED TO BUILD TWO OF THESE TO GET A
 COMPLETE SYSTEM) THIS IS ACCOMPLISHED BY CONNECTING THE POSITIVE
 WIRE OF THE BATTERY LEAD TO PIN 1 ONE LEG OF R1 AND R2 IS SOLDER
 TO PIN 11 THE OTHER LEG OF R1 GOES TO PIN 1 OR TO THE POSITIVE OF
 THE BATTERY. THE OTHER LEG OF R2 GOES TO GROUND, C1 GOES BETWEEN
 PIN 10 AND GROUND.

  THE TIMING CAPACITOR OR C2 GOES BETWEEN PINS 2 AND 3 OF THE CHIP
 PINS 8 AND 9 SHOULD BE GROUNDED TO GROUND. PIN 14 IS THE OUT PUT
 AND THIS IS WHERE ONE LEG OF C4 (C3 GOES ON THE OTHER VCO) IN
 SERIES WITH R3 (THE SAME GOES FOR THE OTHER VCO) AND TO ONE LEAD
 OF THE SPEAKER.


      THE TRIMMER POTS P1 TO P10 SHOULD BE GROUPED IN GROUPS OF 5
 POTS EACH. THE WAY YOU GROUP IT IS BY SOLDERING ONE END OF THE
 POT TO EACH OTHER LEAVING THE WIPER AND THE OTHER END FREE.

                    ] THIS END GOES TO PIN 6 OF THE CHIP
                    ]
       _____________]_____________
        /     /     /     /     /
        \     \     \     \     \
        /<-   /<-   /<-   /<-   /<-
        \ ]   \ ]   \ ]   \ ]   \ ]
        / ]   / ]   / ]   / ]   / ]
          ]     ]     ]     ]     ]
          ]     ]     ]     ]     ]
        P1      P2    P3    P4    P5


      AND FINALLY THIS IS THE WAY EACH KEY SHOULD BE WIRED.

                  DIODE
      TO PX  ------>]-----]            THIS IS THE CONTACT OF THE KEY
                          ]--------- \------
      TO PX  ------>]-----]                ]
                  DIODE                    ]
                                         -----
                                          --- GROUND
                                           -
 
 
 
  THIS MAY NOT BE THE BEST WAY TO SHOW THE SCHEMATICS BUT
 AT LEAST IT IS SOMETHING.
 
 
                                  MR. AMERICA
  
 
 NOTE: THIS IS FOR INFORMATION ONLY PLEASE DO NOT BREAK ANY LAWS.
 PLEASE DIRECT ANY QUESTIONS TO THE SYSOP OR TO MR. AMERICA.

              


TUCoPS is optimized to look best in Firefox® on a widescreen monitor (1440x900 or better).
Site design & layout copyright © 1986-2021 AOH