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TUCoPS :: Phreaking Technical System Info :: ess05.htm

AT$T 5ESS(tm) From Top to Bottom by Firm G.R.A.S.P.
AT$T 5ESS(tm) From Top to Bottom

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   Welcome to the world of the 5ESS.  In this file I will be covering

the switch topology, hardware, software, and how to program the switch.  I

am sure this file will make a few people pissed off  over at BellCORE.

   Anyways, the 5ESS switch is the best (I think) all around switch. Far

better then an NT. NT has spent too much time with SONET and their S/DMS

TransportNode OC48.  Not enough time with ISDN, like AT$T has done. Not only

that, but DMS 100s are slow, slow, slow! Though I must hand it to NT, their

DMS-1 is far better then AT&T's SLC-96.

What is the 5ESS


   The 5ESS is a switch. The first No. 5ESS in service was cut over in Seneca,

Illinois (815) in the early 1982.  This test ran into a few problem, but all

and all was a success.  The 5ESS is a digital switching system, this

adcantage was realized in No. 4 ESS in 1976.  The 5ESS network is a TST

(Time Space Time) topology, the TSIs (Time Slot Interchangers) each

have their own processor, this makes the 5ESS one of the faster switches.

Though I hear some ATM switchs are getting up there.

5ESS System Architecture & Hardware


                    5ESS SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

                                               OSS Data Links

                                                  ^ ^    ^

                                                  | |    |

                                                  | |    |


                                            :     v v    v     :

                                            :   -------------  :

                                            :   |           |  :

                                            :   |   Input   |  :

               ...........................  :   |   Output  |====== TTY/CRT

-----------    :                         :  :   | Processor |  :

| Switch  |<===========                  :  :   -------------  :

| Module  |<========] |                  :  :           ^      ..............

-----------    :    v v                  :  :          |                    :

    o          :  =======   ----------   :  :          |       ------------ :

    o          :  | TMS |<->|Message |   :  :          |       |  Main    | :

    o          :  |     |<->|Switch  |<============    |       |  Store   | :

-----------    :  =======   ----------   :  :     |    |       -----.------ :

| Switch  |    :    ^ ^                  :  :     |    |            |       :

| Module  |<========= |                  :  :     v    v            |       :

-----------<===========                  :  :   --------------      |       :

               :.........................:  :   |  3B        |=======       :

                                            :   | Central    |              :

                                            :   | Control    |<=====> Disk! :

                                            :   --------------              :

                                            :                               :



   The 5 ESS is a digital SPC switching system which utilizes distributed

control, a TST switching network and modular hardware and software design.

   The major components are:


    Two 3B20S Processors  (Which equal a 3B20D)

    - Central control and main storage

    - Disk storage for infrequently used programs and data, and main storage


    - The two 3B20S processors are always compairing data, and when one fails

      the other acts in its place.

    Two Input/Output Processors (IOP)

    - Provides TTY and data-link interfaces to the 3B20D Processor, 5ESS

      Network, Master Control Center (MCC), and various Operational Support

      Systems (OSS). Here is a list of the defult TTY (also called


          tty     Channel Name

         ttyA     Master control console (MCC) terminal.

         ttyB     Master control console (MCC) terminal.

         ttyC     Traffic report printer

         ttyJ     supplementary trunk and line work station (STLWS) terminals

         ttyK     supplementary trunk and line work station (STLWS) terminals

         ttyL     supplementary trunk and line work station (STLWS) terminals

         ttyM     supplementary trunk and line work station (STLWS) terminals

         ttyN     supplementary trunk and line work station (STLWS) terminals

         ttyO     supplementary trunk and line work station (STLWS) terminals

         ttyP     Repair service bureau - Recent change and verify (RSB-RCV)

         ttyR     Office records printer

         ttyQ     Switching control center-recent change and verify (SCC-RCV)


         ttyR     Repair service bureau-automatic line insulation testing

                   (RSB-ALIT) terminal.

         ttyS     Switching control center-recent change and verify (SCC-RCV)


         ttyT     Switching control center-recent change and verify (SCC-RCV)


         ttyU     Belt line B

         ttyV     Local recent change and verify (RCV) terminal

         ttyW     Remote recent change and verify (RCV) terminal.

         ttyY     Network administration center (NAC) terminal.

         ttyZ     The switching control center (SCC) terminal.

         ttyi     SLC(R) carrier maintenance

         ttyj     STLWS - fifth of six

         ttyk     STLWS - sixth of six

         ttyl     STLWS - first of six

         ttym     STLWS - second of six

         ttyn     STLWS - third of six

         ttyo     STLWS - fourth of six

         ttyp     RCV/Repair Service Bureau

         ttyq     RCV/Network Administration Center

         ttyr     ALIT/Repair Service Bureau

         ttys     Maintenance

         ttyt     Maintenance

         ttyu     Belt line A

         ttyv     Local RC/V

         ttyw     Remote RC/V

         ttyx     Maintenance Control Center/Switching Control Center System


         ttyy     Maintenance Control Center/Switching Control Center System


         ttyz     Maintenance Control Center/Switching Control Center System


         FILE     Destination file name in /rclog partition

         mt00     High-density tape device, rewind after I/O

         mt04     High-density tape device, does not rewind after I/O

         mt08     Low-density tape device, rewind after I/O

         mt0c     Low-density tape device, does not rewind after I/O

         mt18     Low-density tape device, rewind after I/O

         mt1c     Low-density tape device, does not rewind after I/O

         mttypc0  Special tape device, IOP 0, rewind after I/O

         mttypc1  Special tape device, IOP 1, rewind after I/O.

     Two Automatic Message Accounting (AMA) units

     - Uses data links to transport calling information to central revenue

       accounting office and AMA tape. Here is the basic structure AMA

       structure for the OSPS model.

         - Called customer's telephone number, either a

            seven- or ten-digit number

         - Calling customer's telephone number, seven digits

         - Date

         - Time of day

         - Duration of conversation.


    Message Switch (MSGS)

    - Provides for control message transfer between the 3B20D Processor and

      Interface Modules (IM's)

    - Contains the clock for synchronizing the network.

    Time Mutiplexed Switch (TMS)

    - Performs space division switching between SM's

    - Provides permanent time slot paths between each SM and the MSGS

      for control messages between the Processor and SM's (or between SM's)

    Switching Modual (SM)

    - Terminates line and trunks

    - Performs time division switching

    - Contains a microprocessor which performs call processing function

      for the SM

                    5ESS - SWITCH MODUAL


                                          |            |

                                          |   SMPU     |


                       ---------          |            |

                       |       |   (64)   |            |

Analog Sub Lines <---->|  LU   |<-------->|            |

                       |-------|          |            |

                       |       |   (64)   |            |

Analog Trunk Lines <-->|  TU   |<-------->|            |   (256)

                       |-------|          |    TSIU    |<--------> NCT

                       |       |          |            |           Links

                       |       |   (128)  |     512    |           to

SLC-96 Remote <------->| DCLU  |<-------->|    Time    |<--------> TMS

                       |       |          |    Slots   |

                       |-------|          |            |

                       |       |          |            |

                       |       |          |            |

                       |       |          |            |

                       |       |   (256)  |            |

T1 Lines   <---------->| DLTU  |<-------->|            |

                       |       |          |            |

                       |       |          |            |

                       |       |          |------------|

                       ---------          |            |

                                          |    DSU     |



    Switch Module Processor Unit (SMPU)

    - Contains microprocessors which perform many of the call processing

      functions for trunks and links terminated on the SM.

    Time Slot Interchange Unit (TSIU)

    - 512 time slot capacity

    - Connects to the TMS over two 256-time slot Network Control and Timing

      (NCT) links.

    - Switches time slots from Interface Units to one of the NCT links (for

      intermodule calls).

    - Switches time slots from one Interface Unit to another within the SM

      (for intramodule calls).

    Digital Service Unit (DSU)

    - Local DSU provides high usage service circuits, such as tone decoders

      and generators, for lines and trunks terminated on the SM.

    - Global DSU provides low useage service circuits, such as 3-port

      confrence circuits and the Transmission Test Facility, for all lines

      and trunks in the office (requires 64 time slots).

    The SM may be equipped with four types of Interface Units:

    Line Unit (LU)

    - For terminating analog lines.

    - Contains a solid-state two-stage analog concentrator that provides

      access to 64 output channels. The concentrator can be fully equipped to

      provide 8:1 concentration or can be fully equipped to provide 6:1 or 4:1


    - Each TU requires 64 time slots.

    Trunk Unit (TU)

    - For terminating analog trunks.

    - Each TU requires 64 time slots.

    Digital Line Trunk Unit (DLTU)

    - For terminating digital trunks and RSM's.

    - Each fully equipped DLTU requires 256 time slots.

    - A maximum of 10 DSls maybe terminated on one DLTU.

   The SM may be equipped with any combination of LU's, TU's, DCLU's and DLTU's

totaling 512 time slots.

5ESS System Software


   The 5ESS is a UNIX based switch. UNIX has played a large part in

switching systems since 1973 when UNIX was use in the Switching Control Center

System (SCCS).  The first SCCS was a 16 bit microcomputer. The use of

UNIX for SCCS allowed development in C code, pseudo code, load test,

structure and thought. This led the development of the other switching systems

which AT$T produces today (such at System 75, 85, 1AESS AP, and 5ESS).

NOTE: You may hear SCCS called the "mini" sometimes

   The 5ESS's /etc/getty is not set up for the normal login that one would

expect to see on a UNIX System. This is due to the different channels that

the 5ESS has. The some channels are the TEST Channel, Maintance Channel,

and RC Channel (which will be the point of focus). Once you are on one

channel you can not change the channel, as someone has said " it is

not a TV!" You are physically on the channel you are on.

Test Channel


   The TEST channel is where one can test lines, and test the switch itself.

This is where operating support systems (such as LMOS) operate from.

This channel allows one to monitor lines via the number test trunk aka

adding a third trunk), voltage test and line seizure.

Here is a list of OSSs which access the test channels on the 5ESS.

 Group                    Operating Support Systems

 Specal Service Center

                          SMAS via NO-Test

                          SARTS (IPS)

                          NO-TEST trunk (from the switch)


                          17B and 17E test boards (CCSA net using X-Bar)






 Repair Service Bureau



                          LMOS (IPS)









SCC Channel


   The SCC channel is where the SCC looks and watches the switch 24 hours a day,

seven days a week! From this channel one can input RC messages if nessary.

A lot of people have scanned these out, and though they were AMATs.  Well this

is in short, WRONG! Here is a sample buffering of what they are finding.


   S570-67 92-12-21 16:16:48 086901 MDIIMON BOZOVILL DS0

A  REPT MDII WSN  SIGTYPE DP            TKGMN 779-16    SZ 21   OOS 0

     SUPRVSN RB  TIME 22:16:48  TEN=14-0-1-3-1  TRIAL 1 CARRFLAG NC     ID


   S4C0-148963487 92-12-21 16:17:03 086902 MAIPR BOZOVILL DS0


   S570-67 92-12-21 16:17:13 086903 S0 BOZOVILL DS0


     UNIT                       MTCE STATE       ACTIVITY  HDWCHK  DGN RESULT

     LUCHAN=5-0-0-3-4           OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        CATP

     LUCHAN=5-0-0-2-5           OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        ATP

     LUCHAN=5-0-0-0-3           OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        ATP

     LUCHAN=5-0-0-3-5           OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        ATP

     LUHLSC=5-0-0-1             OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        ATP

     LUCHAN=5-0-0-0-2           OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        CATP

     LUCHAN=5-0-0-3-6           OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        ATP

     LUCHAN=5-0-0-1-4           OOS,AUTO,FE      BUSY      INH        ATP

   S570-983110 92-12-21 17:09:53 144471 TRCE WCDS0


     DN 6102330000  DIALED    DN 6102220001

     TIME 17:09:52


  This has nothing to do with AMA, this is switch output on say the SCC

channel.  This is used by the SCCS for logging, and monotering of alarms.

The whole point of this channel is to make sure the switch is doing what it

should do, and to log all activity onthe switch. NOTHING MORE!

   To go into these messages and say what they are would take far too long,

order the OM manuals for the 5ESS, watch out, they are about 5 times the size of

the IM (input manual) set.  On average it takes someone three years of training

to be able to understand all this stuff, there is no way anyone can write a

little file in Phrack and hope all who read it understand everything about the


RC Channel


   The RC/V (Recent Change/Verify) Channel is where new features can be added or taken

away from phone lines. This is the main channel you may come in contact with,

if you come in contact with any at all. When one connects to a 5ESS RC/V channel

one may be dumped to a CRAFT

shell if the login has not been activated.  Access to the switch when the

login is active is controlled by lognames and passwords to restrict

unwanted entry to the system.  In addition, the SCC (Switching Control

Center) sets permission modes in the 5ESS switch which control the RC

(recent change) security function.

   The RC security function determines whether recent changes may be made

and what types of changes are allowed.  If a situation arises where the RC

security function denies the user access to recent change via RMAS or RC

channels, the SCC must be contacted so that the permission modes can be

modified.  (Hint Hint)

   The RC security function enables the operating telephone company

to decide which of its terminals are to be allowed access to which

set of RC abilities.  NOTE that all verify input messages are always

allowed and cannot be restricted, which does not help too much.

     The RC security data is not part of the ODD (office dependent data).

Instead, the RC security data is stored in relatively safe DMERT operating

system files which are only modifiable using the following message:


where: aaaaa = Symbolic name of terminal in double quotes

          H' = Hexadecimal number indicator in MML

       bbbbb = 5-character hexadecimal field in 5E4 constructed

               from binary bits corresponding to RC ability.

               The field range in hexadecimal is from 00000 to


     This message must be entered for each type terminal (i.e.

               "aaaaa"="rmas1", "rmas2", etc., as noted above in

                TTY explanations).

NOTE: Order IM-5D000-01 (5ESS input manual) or OM-5D000-01 (5ESS output manual)

for more information on this and other messages from the CIC at 1-800-432-6600.

You have the money, they have the manuals, do not ask, just order.  I

think they take AMEX!

     When the message is typed in, a DMERT operating system file is created

for a particular terminal.  The content of these files, one for each terminal,

is a binary field with each bit position representing a unique set of RC

abilities.  Conversion of this hexadecimal field to binary is accomplished

by converting each hexadecimal character to its equivalent

4-bit binary string.




        0     0000  |  4     0100  |  8     1000  |  C     1100


        1     0001  |  5     0101  |  9     1001  |  D     1101


        2     0010  |  6     0110  |  A     1010  |  E     1110


        3     0011  |  7     0111  |  B     1011  |  F     1111


Each bit position corresponds to a recent change functional area.

  A hexadecimal value of FFFFF indicates that all bit positions are

set to 1 indicating that a particular terminal has total RC access.  Also,

verify operations as well as lettered classes are not included in the

terminals security scheme since all terminals have access to verify views

and lettered classes.

  In addition, maintenance personnel are able to verify the security

code for any terminal by typing the following message from either

the MCC (Master Control Center) or SCCS (Switching Control Center System)

Mini terminal:


where: xxxxx = symbolic name of terminal in double quotes.

Each bit position corresponds to a recent change functional area.

  To ensure redundancy, DMERT operating system files are backed up

immediately on disk by the SCC.

  The input message that defines the password and CLERK-ID (another name for

username) is in the Global RC feature.  This input message defines a clerk-id

and associated password or deletes an existing one. (Recall that CLERK-ID and

PASSWORD are required fields on the Global RC Schedule view 28.1 in

RCV:MENU:APPRC, but more on this later)

This new input message is as follows:


Note: CLERKID  can be from 1 to 10 alphanumeric characters and

      PASSWORD from 1 to 8 alphanumeric characters.

This input message can only be executed from the MCC or SCCS

terminals, and only one password is allowed per CLERK-ID.  To

change a clerk-id's password, this message is used with the same

CLERK-ID but with a different password.

Global RC Schedule View 28.1 from the RC/V Recent Change Menu System


                          5ESS SWITCH  WCDS0

                          RECENT CHANGE  28.1


*1. GRC NAME   __________

*2. SECTION    _____

#3. CLERK ID   __________

#4. PASSWORD   ________

 5. MODE       _______

 6. RDATE      ______

 7. RTIME      ____

 8. SPLIT      _

 9. SPLIT SIZE _____

10. MAX ERRORS _____

11. VERBOSE    _


When the security is set up on the RC/V channel, one will see:


5ESS login

15       WCDS0                    5E6(1)                   ttsn-cdN TTYW

Account name:


There are no defults, since the CLERK-ID and the password are set by craft,

but common password would be the name of the town, CLLI, MANAGER, SYSTEM,

5ESS, SCCS1, SCC, RCMAC, RCMAxx, etc,...

      If one sees just a " < "  prompt you are at the 'craft' shell

of the RC/V channel, the 5E login has not been set. The Craft shell is

running on the DMERT (which is a UNIX environment delovment operating system,

a System V hack). The Craft shell prompt is a "<".  From this shell one

will see several error messages.  Here is a list and what they mean:

     Error Message   Meaning

     ?A              Action field contains an error

     ?D              Data field contains an error

     ?E              Error exists in the message but can not be resolved to

                     the proper field (this is the "you have no idea" message)

     ?I              Identification field contains an error

     ?T              Time-out has occured on channel

     ?W              Warning exists in input line

     Other output message meanings, from the RC/V craft menu.

     OK              Good

     PF              Printout follows

     RL              Retry later

     NG              No good, typically hardware failure

                     (ie: SM does not exist)

     IP              In progress

     NA              The message was not received by the backup control


  When inputing RC messages it is best to do it in the middle of the day

since RC messages are sent to each channel! The SCC is watching and if

there are RC messages running across at 3 in the morning, the SCC is going

to wonder what the hell RCMAC (Recent Change Memory Adminastration Center)

is doing at three in the morning!  However, one may be hiden by MARCH's

soaking, and the night shift at the SCC are overloaded and may miss

what is going on while correcting other major problems. So it is up to




    The DMERT (Duplex Multiple Environment Real Time) uses the Western

Electric (another name for AT$T!) 3B20D  Duplex processor (or 2 3B20S

Simplex processors).  The DMERT software totals nearly nine thousand

source files, one million lines of nonblank source code,

and was developed by approximately 200 programers. There are eight main

releases of this software, they are referred to as generics (like 5E4.1,

5E4.2,  to 5E8.1 also seen as 5E4(1), 5E4(2) to 5E8(1), this can be though

of as DOS verson).  DMERT is similar to regular UNIX but can be best described

as a custom UNIX system based on the 3B20D, the DMERT OS can be ported to

PDP-11/70s or a large IBM Mainframe. The DMERT operating system is split both

logically and physically.  Physically, the software is evenly divided across

the five (there were seven Software Delevolment systems all running a 3B20S

where the DMERT code was writen) Software Delovment systems. Logical, the

software is divided into twenty-four different subsystems.  To access this

from the "craft" shell of the RC/V channel, type:



This will dump one to a root shell, from which VaxBuster's (Who knows nothing

about VAXen, always wondered about him) file on how to redirect a TTY may

come in useful.

Programing the 5ESS


When programing the 5ESS there are things one should know, the first is that

one has a lot of power (just keep 911 in mind,  it would be foolish to even

think of disrupting anyones service.  911 is there for a reason, it should STAY

that way).  And anything one does is logged, and can be watched from the

SCC.  Note that the night SCC crew is a lot more lax on how things are done

then the day shift, so it would be best to do this at night.  I could tell you

how to crash the switch in two seconds, but that is not the point here.

Destroying something is easy, anyone can do that, there is no point to it.

All that taking down a switch will do is get one into jail, and get sued if

someone needed 911 etc,... (I think SRI is wishing they had talked to me


RC from Craft Shell on RC/V Channel


    RC and VFY is complex from the craft shell on the RC/V channel.

This is called the input text option.  It is accessed by using the


    This gets a little complex to follow, but the best thing to do

is to order the Manual 235-118-215 Recent Change Procedures Text Interface

[5E4] it is $346.87, another good one to get is 235-118-242, for $413 even

and last, but the best is 235-118-243, this beast is only $1344.63 what a

deal. When calling the CIC they will transfer you to a rep. from your area.

Gets to be kind of a pain in the ass, but.. Anyways, back on track:



DATA     -  This is for more then one RC operation in the same command

FORM     -  The format that is to be used

SUMMARY  -  Turns on one line summarys on the read only printer (ROP) (DEFULT)

NSUMMARY -  Turns off one line summary logging by the ROP

VFYIMMED -  Prints out verifys (VFYs) immedately, does not wait for

            session end.

VFYEND   -  Prints out all VFYs at session end, this is the DEFULT.

VFYNMVAL -  Print verify output in name-value pair format, this must be

            directed into a file (see DEVICE).

VFYSCIMG -  Makes output into screen size image (DEFULT).

DEVICE   -  Redirect verify output to a device other than ones screen.

            ROP/ROP0   -  Send verify output to the ROP

            STDOUT     -  Send verify output to ones screen (DEFULT)

            TTYx       - Send verify output to any valid tty (such as

                         ttya and ttyv) that exists in "/dev."  You

                         must use the tty name, not tty number.

            FILE       - Send verify output to a file in "/rclog".  The

                         file will be prefixed with "RCTX", and the usert

                         will be given the name of the file at the

                         beginning and end of the APPTEXT session.

END      -  END of message.

 If the parameter is not entered on the command line, it may be

entered after the APPTEXT process begins, but must be entered prior to the

first "FORM=" statement. Here is a example of a MML RCV:APPTEXT.


  The 2V1 may look strange at first, it may help getting use to the basics

first. To just VFY telephone numbers, just do a:


   Though I can not really explain this any more then I have just due to

time and space.  These input messages may look complex at first, but are

really simple, and much better then dealing with the menu system, but

you will need to learn RC yourself! No one can explain it to you.

Pulling AMA from the RC/V channel Craft Shell


Pulling AMA up is all in the mater on one command. The command is:


 This command will request a report of the current or most recent automatic

message accounting (AMA) tape. ST1 and ST2 are the data streams.

Pulling up out of Service Lines, Trunks or Trunk Groups


   One may want to pull up all the out of service lines, trunks, or

trunk groups for many reasons.  These reasons i will not go into, but

from which lines can be set up. The command to do this from the craft

shell is a PDS command, this command is with a 'ball bat' (a `` ! '').



   OP:LIST,TG [,FULL][,PRINT][;[a][,b][,c][,d][,e]]!

FULL    -   All (primary and pending) are printed. Note FULL is not the

            defult when inputing this command.

PRINT   -   Print to the ROP in the CO.  (Not a good idea)

a-e     -   This is port status to match against the subset of trunks, lines

            or trunk groups that are specified.  (This is required input

            for FULL)

The 5ESS RC/V Menu Shell


To access this shell from the RC/V channel craft shell, type:


at the `` < '' prompt.

To access the 5ESS RC/V menu system from the MCC, STLWS, and TLWS

channel/terminals, one uses what are called pokes.  The poke that

is used here to access the RC/V Menu system on the 5ESS is 196.

Type 196 at the `` CMD< '' prompt, and you are on the RC/V menu system

of the 5ESS switch. This will cause ``RC/V 196 STARTING'' and

``RC/V 196 COMPLETED'' to be printed out on the ROP.

Either way, this will toss you into a menu system. The main menu looks like



                               5ESS SWITCH  WCDS0

                        RECENT CHANGE AND VERIFY CLASSES

H RCV HELP              9  DIGIT ANALYSIS          20 SM PACK & SUBPACK







5 TRUNKS17 CM MODULE                               27 OSPS TOLL & ASSIST



Menu Commands:


  The help menus for the 5ESS switch are lame, but I though that it would

be good to show them to you just for the hell of it, because it does explain

a little about the switch.


                           SCREEN 1 OF 7  5ESS SWITCH

                             RECENT CHANGE VIEW H.1

                            COMMANDS FOR MENU PAGES

    H  - Explains commands for MENU or views. If you enter H again, then it

         will display next HELP page.

    H# - Select HELP page. (# - help page number)

    Q  - Quit Recent Change and Verify.

    R  - Change mode to RECENT CHANGE

    V  - Change mode to VERIFY

    <  - Go to CLASS MENU page.

    #  - If on CLASS MENU page Go to a VIEW MENU page #.

    #  - If on VIEW MENU page Go to a RECENT CHANGE or VERIFY VIEW #.



                           SCREEN 2 OF 7  5ESS SWITCH

                             RECENT CHANGE VIEW H.1

                            COMMANDS FOR MENU PAGES

   #R  - Go to Recent Change view for read.

   #I  - Go to Recent Change view for insert.

   #D  - Go to Recent Change view for delete (only print Key fields).

   #DV - Go to Recent Change view for delete with verify (print all fields).

   #U  - Go to Recent Change view for update.

   #UI - Go to Recent Change view for update in insert mode (user can change

         each field sequentially without typing field number).

   #V  - Go to Verify view.

   #N  - Go to next menu page. Back to the 1st page if there's no next page.


                           SCREEN 3 OF 7 5ESS SWITCH

                             RECENT CHANGE VIEW H.1

                               COMMANDS FOR BATCH

BMI - Delayed Activation Mode. Choose time or demand release (for time

      release add service information). Select view number for Recent Change.

BMD - Display Status of Delayed Activation Recent Changes.

BMR - Release a file of Recent Changes stored for Delayed Activation.

IM  - Immediate Release Mode.


                           SCREEN 4 OF 7  5ESS SWITCH

                             RECENT CHANGE VIEW H.1

                               COMMANDS FOR VIEWS

     < - In first field: Leave this view and return to select view number.

     < - Not in first field: Return to first field.

     ^ - In first field: Select new operation for this view.

     ^ - Not in first field: Return to previous field.

     > or ; - Go to end of view or stop at next required field.

     * - Execute the operation or go to next required field.

     ? - Toggle help messages on and off.

     Q - Abort this view and start over.

     V - Validate input for errors or warnings.


                           SCREEN 5 OF 7  5ESS SWITCH

                             RECENT CHANGE VIEW H.1

                               COMMANDS FOR VIEWS

   R - Review view from Data Base.

   I - Insert this view into Data Base.

   U - Update this view into Data Base.

   D - Delete this view from Data Base (only print Key fields).

   C - CHANGE: Change a field - All fields may be changed except key fields

       when in the update mode only.

   C - CHANGE-INSERT: Allowed in the review mode only - Allows you to review

   C - CHANGE-INSERT: Allowed in the review mode only - Allows you to review

       a view and then insert a new view with similar field. You must change

       the key fields to use this facility. You may change other fields as

       required by the new view.

   P - Print hard copy of screen image (must have RC/V printer attached).


                           SCREEN 6 OF 7  5ESS SWITCH

                             RECENT CHANGE VIEW H.1

                               COMMANDS FOR VIEWS

             The following are used only on views containing LISTS.

           ` - Blank entire row.

           - Sets this field to its default value.

           : - Sets this row to its default value.

           [ - Go backward to previous row.

           ] - Go forward to next row.

           ; - Go to end of view or stop at next required field.

           # - Go to end of list and stop at next non-list field.

           { - Delete current row and move next row to current row.

           } - Move current row to next row and allow insert of row.

           = - Copy previous row to current row.

           * - Execute the operation or stop at next required field.


                           SCREEN 7 OF 7 5ESS SWITCH

                             RECENT CHANGE VIEW H.1


          If RC/V is in automatic forms presentation and "Q" or "q" is

        entered for the operation, the following commands are available.

     A - Abort form fields.  RC/V stays in the current form.

     B - Bypass form.  Go to next form using automatic forms presentation.

     C - Cancel automatic forms presentation.  The previous menu

         will be displayed.

     H - Display automatic forms presentation help messages.

     < - Bypass form.  Go to next form using automatic forms presentation.


When accessing the databases, here is a list of database access selections:

   I (insert) - Insert new data

   R (review) - Review existing data

   U (update) - Update or change existing data

   D (delete) - Delete (remove) unwanted data from the data base

   V (verify) - Verify the data in the data base.

These are to be entered when one sees the prompt:


Enter Database Operation

I=Insert R=Review U=Update D=Delete : _


When using the RC/V menu system of the 5ESS, you may go and just keep going into

sub-menus, and fall off the end of the Earth. Here are the navigational

commands that are used to move around the menu system. As seen from the

RC/V menu system help, you see "SCREEN X out of X."  This means that there are

so many screens to go and to move between the screens you use the `` < '' to

move back (toward main menu) and `` > '' to move to the last menu. I know it

is shown in the help menu, but it is not explained like it needs to be.

Batch Input


The Batch Input feature for the 5ESS switch allows recent changes (RC)

to be entered at any date and time when the the RC update would be

performed.  This allows RC input to be entered quickly, and for a large

number of inputs. The large numbers of RC input can be released

quickly in  batch mode.  The RC input can then be entered at any time,

stored until needed, and then released for use by the system

whenever needed, at any specific date and/or time.

  First and second level error correction is done during batch input.

  There are several different modes of batch input. These are:

      BMI - batch mode input - TIMEREL and DEMAND

      BMD - batch mode display

      BMR - batch mode release

BMI - Batch Mode Input - TIMEREL and DEMAND

Entering BMI (Batch Mode Imput), one types `` BMI '' at the RC/V

menu prompt. Once entering, you will be prompted with whether

the input is DEMAND (demand) or TIMEREL (Time Release). DEMAND

input allows one to manual have the batch update the database,

TIMEREL is automatic. TIMEREL has one enter a time and date.

  When using DEMAND, you will be prompted for the file name. The

file will be in `` /rclog '' in the DMERT OS.

  In TIMEREL, you will be prompted with the CLERK-ID, which in this

case is the file name for the file in the `` /rclog ''. Then

for VERBOSE options, the RC SRVOR (Recent Change Service Order)

is displayed on the screen.

-RC SRVOR View in the BMI TIMEREL Batch Option-


                              5ESS SWITCH

                           RECENT CHANGE  B.1

                        SERVICE ORDER NUMBER VIEW

     *1. ORDNO     __________

     *2. ITNO      ____

     *3. MSGNO     ____

     #4. RDATE     ______

     #5. RTIME     ____

Enter Insert, Change, Validate, or Print:


ORDNO = Service Order Number

ITNO  = Item Number

MSGNO = Message Number

RDATE = Release Date (Update database Date)

RTIME = Release Time (Update database Time)

BMD - batch mode display

   BMD is a "mask" of RC/V done from the RC/V channel craft shell, by using the

REPT:RCHIST or a pseudo menu system. All transactions are displayed on the ROP,

though the data could also be sent to a file in the `` /rclog '' in DMERT.

   The Pseudo menu system looks like:


1. Summary of clerk activity

2. Activity by service order number

3. Activity by clerk ID

4. Return to view or class menu.


1  allows one to view the "DELAYED RELEASE SUMMARY REPORT."



4  Return to view or class menu, self-explanatory.


  The REPT:RCHIST BMD (Text) command is done from the RC/V channel craft

shell. The command synopsis is:

5E2 - 5E5 (Generics)



5E6 - 5E8 (Generics)



SUMMARY         - Report selection, format by key.

DETAIL          - Report selection for Recent Change entire.

ALL             - Report all recent changes.

PENDING         - Report pending recent change input.

COMPLETE        - Report released recent changes that was successful

                  when completed.

FILE            - Name for file in /rclog

ERROR           - Report recent changes released with error.

DEMAND          - Report demand recent changes.

TIME=XXXXXXXXXX - XX - mounth, XX - day, XX - hour, XX minute, XX - Second

BMR - batch mode release

    This is the manual release (updating) of the 5ESS database. This is done

from the RC/V channel craft shell.  The command that is used is the EXC:RCRLS

input message. There is no real need to go into this message.

Adding RCF (Remote Call Forward) on a 5ESS


1. At the "MENU COMMANDS" commands prompt of the 5ESS main menu in the

   RC/V APPRC menu system of the 5ESS, enter '12' for the "BRCS FEATURE

   DEFINITION".  Then access screen '1.11', this is the BRCS screen. When it

   asks you to 'ENTER DATABASE OPERATION' enter "U" for Update and hit



   NOTE: When at menu '12,' you will NOT see '1.11' listed in the menu

   options.  By just accessing menu '1' you will not be able to add features.


   This is a problem with the 5ESS menu system.


2. Type in the Telephone Number. It should look like this:



  Mon Feb 31 09:09:09 2001    RFA_TN


                           5ESS SWITCH WCDS0

  SCREEN 1 OF 2           RECENT CHANGE 1.11


 *1. TN 5551212    * 2. OE  _ ________    3. LCC ___   4. PIC 288

 *5. PTY _*          6. MLHG ____         7. MEMB ____ 8. BFGN _______ _

                        FEATURE LIST (FEATLIST)

  ROW   11. FEATURE  A P   15. FEATURE  A P  19. FEATURE  A P  23. FEATURE  A P

  1.        /CFV     N _       ________ _ _      ________ _ _      ________ _ _

  2.        ________ _ _       ________ _ _      ________ _ _      ________ _ _

  3.        ________ _ _       ________ _ _      ________ _ _      ________ _ _

  4.        ________ _ _       ________ _ _      ________ _ _      ________ _ _




   and will prompt you with:


Enter Insert, Change, Validate, screen#, or Print: _

form operation prompt


          I   -   to insert a form

          C   -   to change a field on a form

          V   -   to validate the form

          A   -   to display the desired screen number

          P   -   to print the current screen

          U   -   to update the form

   Enter `` C '' to change, access filed 11 and row 1 (goto the /CFV

   whereever it may be) or add /CFR if it is not there. If it does though,

   leave the "A" (Active) field "N" (Yes or No). Change the P (Presentation)

   column to "U" (Update). Then Hit Return.

   NOTE: Different Generics have other fields, one of them being a AC (Access

   Code) field.  This field is a logical field, that mean only accepts a

   "Y" for yes and "N" for no.  Also when adding the feature to the switch,

   the row and field numbers may not be shown, but will always follow this

   patern.  Also note that the /CFV (Call forwarding varable) feature may not

   be there, there maybe no features on the line.  These examples are from

   Generic 4 (2).  Here is a example of 5E8 (which is not used too manu places,

   but this is what menu 1.11 in the BRCS Feature Definition looks like:


                             5ESS SWITCH

                    SCREEN 1 OF 2 RECENT CHANGE  1.11

                (5112,5113)BRCS FEATURE ASSIGNMENT (LINE)

(*)1. TN _______ (*)2. OE  _ ________    3. LCC ___   4. PID ___

(*)6. MLHG ____     8. BFGN _______ _

(*)5. PTY _(*)                                7. MEMB ____

                     11. FEATURE LIST (FEATLIST)


 1    ________  _ _ _  _     8   ________  _ _ _  _    15   ________  _ _ _  _

 2    ________  _ _ _  _     9   ________  _ _ _  _    16   ________  _ _ _  _

 3    ________  _ _ _  _    10   ________  _ _ _  _    17   ________  _ _ _  _

 4    ________  _ _ _  _    11   ________  _ _ _  _    18   ________  _ _ _  _

 5    ________  _ _ _  _    12   ________  _ _ _  _    19   ________  _ _ _  _

 6    ________  _ _ _  _    13   ________  _ _ _  _    20   ________  _ _ _  _

 7    ________  _ _ _  _    14   ________  _ _ _  _    21   ________  _ _ _  _

Enter Insert, Change, Validate, screen#, or Print: _


   Hit Return twice to get back to "ENTER UPDATE, CHANGE, SCREEN #, OR PRINT:".

   Enter a "U" for update and hit Return. It will say "FORM UPDATE".

3. Next access screen 1.22, call forwarding (line parameters) or it will will

   just come up automatically if you set the "P" to "U".


  Mon Feb 31 09:09:09 2001    RCFLNTN


                            5ESS SWITCH WCDS0

                           RECENT CHANGE 1.22


   *1. TN            5551212

   *6. FEATURE       CFR

    9. FWDTODN       ______________________________

   10. BILLAFTX      0                    16. SIMINTER       99

   11. TIMEOUT       0                    17. SIMINTRA       99

   12. BSTNINTVL     0                    18. CFMAX          32

   13. CPTNINTVL     0                    19. BSRING         N


4. If you used the automatic forms presentation, it will have the telephone

   number already on LINE1. If not retype the telephone number you want

   forwarded. The bottemof the screen will say "ENTER UPDATE, CHANGE, VALIDATE

   OR PRINT:", type "C" for change and hit return.

5. When it says CHANGE FIELD type "9" and enter your forward to DN (Destination

   Number) including NPA if nessary. This will put you back to the "CHANGE

   FIELD" prompt. Hit return again for the "ENTER UPDAT, CHANGE, VALIDATE OR

   PRINT:". Hit "U" for Update form and wait for "FORM UPDATED".

6. Lastly, access screen 1.12, BRCS FEATURE ACTIVATION (LINE ASSIGNMENT). At the

   prompt enter a "U" for Update, and on ROW 11 Line 1 (or whereever), change

   the "N" in column "A" to a "Y" for Yes, and you are done.

Adding other features


  To add other features onto a line, follow the same format for adding the

/CFR, but you may not need to access 1.22.  Some other features are:

Feature Code:          Feature Name:

/LIDLXA            -   CLID

/CFR               -   Remote Call Forward

/CWC1              -   Call Waiting

/CFBLIO            -   call forward busy line i/o

/CFDAIO            -   call forward don't answer i/o

/CFV               -   call forwarding variable

/CPUO              -   call pick up o  !used in the selq1 field!

/CPUT              -   call pick up t  !used in the tpredq field!

/CWC1D             -   Premiere call waiting

/DRIC              -   Dist. ring

/IDCT10            -   Inter room ID

/IDCTX2            -   1digit SC

/IDCTX2            -   Interoom ID 2

/IDCTX2            -   Premiere 7/30, conveniece dialing

/IDCTX3            -   Premiere 7/30, no cd

/IDMVP1            -   Premiere 2/6, no convenience dialing

/IDMVP2            -   Premiere 2/6, CD, not control sta.

/IDMVP3            -   Premiere 2/6, CD, control station

/MWCH1             -   Call hold

/MWCTIA2           -   Call transfer 2

/TGUUT             -   Terminal group ID number with TG view (1.29).

ANI/F  the whole switch


 Automatic Number Identification failure (also called "dark calls") are

caused by variety of different things.  To understand this better, here are

the technical names and causes, note this is not in stone and the causes

are not the only causes for a ANI-F to occur.

ANF   -- Failure to receive automatic number identification

         (ANI) digits on incoming local access and transport

         area (LATA) trunk.

ANF2  -- Automatic number identification (ANI) collected by

         an operator following a failure to receive ANI

         digits on an incoming centralized automatic

         message accounting (CAMA) trunk from the DTMF decoder.

ANI   -- Time-out waiting for far off-hook from Traffic

         Service Position System (TSPS) before sending ANI


  Though, I have always wondered how to set one up myself in a safe way.

 One way nice way to get ANI/F through a 5ESS to to use a inhibit command.


The command will inhibits centralized automatic message accounting (CAMA)

operator number identification (ONI) processing. This is done from the DTMF

decoder (going over later).  This message will cause a minor alarm too occur.

If in the CO when the alarm occurs, you will here this bell all the time,

because something is always going out. In this case, this alarm is a level 1

(max to five) and the bell will ring once.

  Once this message is inputed, all calls through CAMA operator will be

free of change. So just dial the operator and you will have free calls.

To place this back on the switch, just type:


and the minor alarm will stop, and things will go back to normal.

Setting up your own BLV on the 5ESS from the Craft shell RC/V Channel


  Well, we have come to the fun part, how to access the No-Test trunk on

the 5ESS (this is also called adding the thrid trunk). I will not be too

specific on how to do this.  You will need to figure out just how to do this.

  The first thing you want to do is to request a seizure of a line for

interactive trunk and line testing. One must assign a test position (TP).



          a = A number between 1 and 8

          b = The number you wish assigned to the test position

  This will chose a number to be the test number on the switch. Now using

the CONN:WSLINE one can set up a BLV.


          a = TP that you set from the SET:WSPOS

          b = The number you want to BLV

To set this up on a MLHG (can come in real useful for those peksy

                           public packet switched nerworks), do a:


          x = MLHG number, y = MLHG member number

To take set things back to normal and disconnect the BLV do a:


          z = TP 1 through 8


One may need to do a ALW:CALLMON before entering the CONN commands


If you set your home telephone number as the test position, and you

have only one phone line, you are stupid.

Comments about the Underground


   There are a few people out there who have no idea what they are doing, and

go on thinking they know it all (i.e. No Name Brand).  It pisses me off when

when these people just go off and make shit up about things they have no idea

what they are talking about.

   This file is to all the lazy people out there that just keep bitching

and moaning about not knowning where to find information.

Other Sources


Here is a list of Manuals that you can order from the CIC (1-800-432-6600).

Note that some of these manuals are well over hundreds of dollors.

Manual 234-105-110   System Maintenance Requirements and Tools

Manual 235-001-001   Documentation Guide

Manual 235-070-100   Switch Administration Guidelines

Manual 235-100-125   System Description

Manual 235-105-110   System Maintenance Requirements and Tools

Manual 235-105-200   Precutover and Cutover Procedures

Manual 235-105-210   Routine Operations and Maintenance

Manual 235-105-220   Corrective Maintenance

Manual 235-105-231   Hardware Change Procedures - Growth

Manual 235-105-24x   Generic Retrofit Procedures

Manual 235-105-250   System Recovery

Manual 235-105-250A  Craft Terminal Lockout Job Aid

Manual 235-105-331   Hardware Change Procedures - Degrowth

Manual 235-105-44x   Large Terminal Growth Procedures

Manual 235-118-200   Recent Change Procedures Menu Mode Generic Program

Manual 235-118-210   Recent Change Procedures Menu Mode

Manual 235-118-213   Menu Mode 5E4 Software Release

Manual 235-118-214   Batch Release 5E4 Software Release

Manual 235-118-215   Text Interface 5E4 Software Release

Manual 235-118-216   Recent Change Procedures

Manual 235-118-217   Recent Change Procedures Batch Release 5E5 Software


Manual 235-118-218   Recent Change Attribute Definitions 5E5 Software Release

Manual 235-118-21x   Recent Change Procedures - Menu Mode

Manual 235-118-224   Recent Change Procedures 5E6 Software Release

Manual 235-118-225   Recent Change Reference 5E6 Software Release

Manual 235-118-240   Recent Change Procedures

Manual 235-118-241   Recent Change Reference

Manual 235-118-242   Recent Change Procedures 5E8 Software Release

Manual 235-118-24x   Recent Change Procedures

Manual 235-118-311   Using RMAS 5E4 Software Release

Manual 235-118-400   Office Records and Database Query 5E4 Software Release

Manual 235-190-101   Business and Residence Modular Features **

Manual 235-190-105   ISDN Features and Applications

Manual 235-190-115   Local and Toll System Features

Manual 235-190-120   Common Channel Signaling Service Features

Manual 235-190-130   Local Area Services Features

Manual 235-190-300   Billing Features

Manual 235-600-103   Translations Data

Manual 235-600-30x   ECD/SG Data Base

Manual 235-600-400   Audits

Manual 235-600-500   Assert Manual

Manual 235-600-601   Processor Recovery Messages

Manual 235-700-300   Peripheral Diagnostic Language

Manual 235-900-101   Technical Specification and System Description

Manual 235-900-103   Technical Specification

Manual 235-900-104   Product Specification

Manual 235-900-10x   Product Specification

Manual 235-900-301   ISDN Basic Rate Interface Specification

Manual 250-505-100   OSPS Description and Procedures

Manual 363-200-101   DCLU Integrated SLC Carrier System

Manual TG-5          Translation Guide

Practice 254-341-100 File System Software Subsystem Description

                     3B20D Computer

Practice 254-301-110 Input-Output Processor Peripheral Controllers

                     Description and Theory of Operation AT$T 3B20D

                     Model 1 Computer   None.

Practice 254-341-220 3B20 System Diagnostic Software Subsystem

                     Description 3B20D Processor

CIC Select Code 303-001 Craft Interface User's Guide

CIC Select Code 303-002 Diagnostics User's Guide

CIC Select Code 303-006 AT$T AM UNIX RTR Operating System, System

                        Audits Guide

IM-5D000-01 Input Manual

OM-5d000-01 Output Manual

OPA-5P670-01 The Administrator User Guide

OPA-5P672-01 The Operator User Guide

OPA-5P674-01 The RMAS Generic - Provided User Masks



5ESS - Registered trademark of AT&T.

CLCI - Trademark of Bell Communications Research, Inc.

CLLI - Trademark of Bell Communixation Research, Inc.

ESS - Trademark of AT&T.

SLC - Registered trademark of AT&T.

UNIX - Registered trademark of AT&T.

DMERT - Registered trademark of AT&T.

SCCS - Registered trademark of AT&T

DMS - Registered trademark of Northern Telecom

DEC - Registered trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation.

VT100 - Trademark of Digital Equipment Corporation.

Acronyms and Abbreviations


ADTS    -  Automatic Data Test System

ALIT    -  Automatic Line Insulation Testing

AMA     -  Automatic Message Accounting

AP      -  Attached Processor  (1AESS 3B20)

ATICS   -  Automated Toll Integrity Checking System

BLV     -  Busy Line Verification

BMD     -  Batch Mode Display

BMI     -  Batch Mode Input - TIMEREL and DEMAND

BMR     -  Batch Mode Release

BRCS    -  Business Residence Custom Service

CAMA    -  Centralized Automatic Message Accounting

CIC     -  Customer Information Center (AT$T)

DAMT    -  Direct Access Mechanize Testing

DLTU    -  Digital Line Trunk Unit

DMERT   -  Duplex Multiple Environment Real Time

DSU     -  Digital Service Unit

DTAC    -  Digital Test Access Connector

GRASP   -  Generic Access Package

IOP     -  Input/Output Processor

IPS     -  Integrated Provisioning System

ISDN    -  Integrated Services Digital Network

ITNO    -  Item Number

LMOS    -  Loop Maintenance Operations System

LU      -  Line Unit

MCC     -  Master Control Center

MLT-2   -  Mechanized Loop Testing - The Second Generation of Equipment

MML     -  Man Machine Language

MSGNO   -  Message Number

MSGS    -  Message Switch

NCT     -  Network Control and Timing

ODD     -  Office Dependent Data

OE      -  Office Equipment

ONI     -  Operator Number Identification

ORDNO   -  Service Order Number

OSPS    -  Operator Service Position System

OSS     -  Operations Support System

POVT    -  Provisioning On-site Verification Testing

RC      -  Recent Change

RC/V    -  Recent Change and Verify

RDATE   -  Release Date (Update Database Date)

RMAS    -  Remote Memory Administration

RTIME   -  Release Time (Update Database Time)

RTS     -  Remote Test Unit

SARTS   -  Switched Access Remote Test System

SCCS    -  Switching Control Center System

SLC     -  Subicer Loop Carrier

SM      -  Switching Modual

SMAS    -  Switched Maintance Access System

SMPU    -  Switch Module Processor Unit

SONET   -  Synchronous Optical Network

SPC     -  Stored Program Control

STLWS   -  Supplementary Trunk and Line Work Station

TFTP    -  Television Facility Test Position

TIMEREL -  Time Release

TIRKS   -  Trunk Integrated Record Keeping System

TMS     -  Time Mutiplexed Switch

TRCO    -  Trouble Reporting Control Office

TSI     -  Time Slot Interchangers

TSIU    -  Time Slot Interchange Unit

TU      -  Trunk Unit

VFY     -  Verify

I give AT&T due credit for much of this file, for without them, it would not

have been possible!


We hope you learned something from this file from...

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