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TUCoPS :: Phreaking General Information :: pwac15.htm

Signaling Systems AC15A-AC15D
AC15 V1.0



General Description SSAC15A is an in-band continuous tone line signalling system used for the transmission of digit pulses and supervisory signals on bothway inter-PBX circuits where a suitable DC path is not available. ie Over long distances.

The system requires a 4-wire presented circuit between the two PBXs and employs a single tone frequency of 2280 Hz for signalling in each direction of transmission. When the circuit is in an idle state the 2280 Hz signalling tone is continously present in both directions of transmission and therefore the SSAC15A is described as a Tone-on-Idle system.
Low Level Tone is a tone sent at -20 dBm0
High Level Tone is a tone sent at -10 dBm0

Terminating Equipment
On modern electronic PBXs that support AC15A it is normal to simply terminate the 4 wire circuit onto an AC15A interface card which slots directly into the appropriate position in the PBX. On older PABXs or electronic PABXs/CCSs that do not support AC15A it is normal to terminate the 4 wire circuit onto a signalling unit which provides an AC15A to DC5 (E&M) conversion.

Transmission Requirements
The signal frequency is transmitted to line at two standard levels: -10 dBm0 (High Level) and -20 dDm0 (Low Level). The signal receiver has the same sensitivity in each case. It will accept signal levels in the range: -3 dBm to -29 dBm.
Note:- Level measurements should be made on Transmit and Receive of the 4 wire.

Fault Symptoms
If the 'transmit' pair is disconnected, the trunk at the distant PBX will be PG. PBX calls at the local end will fail.

Monitoring of Circuit
Listen on transmit and receive pairs for 'Tone on Idle' signal. You will need a high impedance telephone or other suitable listening device. This is a quick check to see whether a tone is being sent from the local end on the transmit pair and being received from the distant end on the receive pair.
Using this method you may also monitor signalling tones being sent when circut is in use.
To prove the level of these tones you will need a LMS.

Loop back test
Using a suitable Patching cord connect the transmit and receive at the local end together. Ensure that the line is totally disconnected from the distant end. If the circiut goes normal then the local end is ok.
If two circuits are available then these can be connected together (ensuring all distant ends are disconnected). The two circuits should go idle and calls should be able to be made in and out of the local end.


General Description SSAC15B is the preferred method of inter-PBX signalling on circuits over any 4 wire presented transmission path where SSMF5 inter-register signalling is employed.

Transmission Requirements
Transmission requirements are as described in SSAC15A section.

Methods of Testing The methods of testing are the same as those described in the AC15A section.


General Description SSAC15C is used to provide external extension and out of area exchange line signalling with recall facilities. Signalling Units 53A and 54A are used. For description of circuits refer to Signaling Units 53A and 54A.


General Description SSAC15D is an in-band signalling system used on International inter-PBX circuits or appropriate inland inter- PBX circuits. It uses a single frequency of 2280 Hz in each direction of a 4 wire transmission path.

Transmission Requirements
Transmission Requirements are as described in SSAC15A section.

Methods of Testing Circuits
The methods used tor testing a SSAC15D circuit are the same as those described in the SSAC15A section

Last revised: December 17, 1998

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