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Asterisk Buffer overflows in voicemail when using IMAP storage



AST-2007-022: Buffer overflows in voicemail when using IMAP storage
AST-2007-022: Buffer overflows in voicemail when using IMAP storage



                Asterisk Project Security Advisory - AST-2007-022

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    |      Product       | Asterisk                                          |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |      Summary       | Buffer overflows in voicemail when using IMAP     |
    |                    | storage                                           |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    | Nature of Advisory | Remotely and locally exploitable buffer overflows |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |   Susceptibility   | Remote Unauthenticated Sessions                   |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |      Severity      | Minor                                             |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |   Exploits Known   | No                                                |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |    Reported On     | October 9, 2007                                   |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
| Reported By | Russell Bryant  | 
    |                    |                                                   |
| | Mark Michelson  | 
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |     Posted On      | October 9, 2007                                   |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |  Last Updated On   | October 10, 2007                                  |
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
| Advisory Contact | Mark Michelson  | 
    |--------------------+---------------------------------------------------|
    |      CVE Name      |                                                   |
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    | Description | The function "sprintf" was used heavily throughout the   |
    |             | IMAP-specific voicemail code. After auditing the code,   |
    |             | two vulnerabilities were discovered, both buffer         |
    |             | overflows.                                               |
    |             |                                                          |
    |             | The following buffer overflow required write access to   |
    |             | Asterisk's configuration files in order to be exploited. |
    |             |                                                          |
    |             | 1) If a combination of the astspooldir (set in           |
    |             | asterisk.conf), the voicemail context, and voicemail     |
    |             | mailbox, were very long, then there was a buffer         |
    |             | overflow when playing a message or forwarding a message  |
    |             | (in the case of forwarding, the context and mailbox in   |
    |             | question are the context and mailbox that the message    |
    |             | was being forwarded to).                                 |
    |             |                                                          |
    |             | The following buffer overflow could be exploited         |
    |             | remotely.                                                |
    |             |                                                          |
    |             | 2) If any one of, or any combination of the Content-type |
    |             | or Content-description headers for an e-mail that        |
    |             | Asterisk recognized as a voicemail message contained     |
    |             | more than a 1024 characters, then a buffer would         |
    |             | overflow while listening to a voicemail message via a    |
    |             | telephone. It is important to note that this did NOT     |
    |             | affect users who get their voicemail via an e-mail       |
    |             | client.                                                  |
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    | Resolution | "sprintf" calls have been changed to "snprintf" wherever  |
    |            | space was not specifically allocated to the buffer prior  |
    |            | to the sprintf call. This includes places which are not   |
    |            | currently prone to buffer overflows.                      |
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    |                           Affected Versions                            |
    |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
    |             Product              |   Release   |                       |
    |                                  |   Series    |                       |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    |       Asterisk Open Source       |    1.0.x    | Unaffected            |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    |       Asterisk Open Source       |    1.2.x    | Unaffected            |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    |       Asterisk Open Source       |    1.4.x    | All versions prior to |
    |                                  |             | 1.4.13                |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    |    Asterisk Business Edition     |    A.x.x    | Unaffected            |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    |    Asterisk Business Edition     |    B.x.x    | Unaffected            |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    |           AsteriskNOW            | pre-release | Unaffected            |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    | Asterisk Appliance Developer Kit |    0.x.x    | Unaffected            |
    |----------------------------------+-------------+-----------------------|
    |    s800i (Asterisk Appliance)    |    1.0.x    | Unaffected            |
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    |                              Corrected In                              |
    |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
    |                 Product                  |           Release           |
    |------------------------------------------+-----------------------------|
    |           Asterisk Open Source           |           1.4.13            |
    |------------------------------------------+-----------------------------|
    |------------------------------------------+-----------------------------|
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    |        Links        |                                                  |
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    | Asterisk Project Security Advisories are posted at                     |
| http://www.asterisk.org/security. | 
    |                                                                        |
    | This document may be superseded by later versions; if so, the latest   |
    | version will be posted at                                              |
| http://downloads.digium.com/pub/security/AST-2007-022.pdf and | 
| http://downloads.digium.com/pub/security/AST-2007-022.html. | 
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+
    |                            Revision History                            |
    |------------------------------------------------------------------------|
    |        Date        |          Editor           |    Revisions Made     |
    |--------------------+---------------------------+-----------------------|
| October 9, 2007 | mmichelson@digium.com | Initial Release | 
    +------------------------------------------------------------------------+

                Asterisk Project Security Advisory - AST-2007-022
               Copyright (c) 2007 Digium, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
   Permission is hereby granted to distribute and publish this advisory in its
                            original, unaltered form.


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