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TUCoPS :: Windows Net Apps :: ciacm039.txt

Microsoft Telnet Server Buffer Overflow Vulnerability




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[CIAC] INFORMATION BULLETIN

M-039: Microsoft Telnet Server Buffer Overflow Vulnerability

[Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-004]

February 8, 2002 17:00 GMT
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 PROBLEM:           A vulnerability exists in some Microsoft Telnet Server
                    products that may cause a denial-of-service or allow
                    an attacker to execute code on the system.
 PLATFORM:          Telnet Service in Microsoft Windows 2000
                    Telnet Daemon in Microsoft Interix 2.2
 DAMAGE:            A successful attack could cause the Telnet Server to
                    fail, or in some cases, may allow an attacker to
                    execute code of choice on the system.
 SOLUTION:          Apply the patches as indicated in the Microsoft
                    Bulletin below.
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------
 VULNERABILITY      The risk is HIGH. Exploiting this vulnerability may
 ASSESSMENT:        allow an attacker complete control of the system
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 LINKS:
   CIAC    http://www.ciac.org/ciac/bulletins/m-039.shtml
 BULLETIN:
   ORIGINALhttp://www.microsoft.com/technet/treeview/default.asp?url=/technet/security/bulletin/MS02-004.asp
 BULLETIN:
   PATCHES:http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/downloads/security/q307298/default.asp
           http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/release.asp?ReleaseID=35969
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------

[***** Start Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-004 *****]

Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-004

Unchecked Buffer in Telnet Server Could Lead to Arbitrary
Code Execution

Originally posted: February 07, 2002

Summary

Who should read this bulletin: System administrators using Microsoft®
Windows® 2000 or Microsoft Interix 2.2

Impact of vulnerability: Denial of Service, possibly Run code of
attacker's choice

Maximum Severity Rating: Moderate

Recommendation: System administrators should apply the patch to all
systems that offer affected Telnet services.

Affected Software:

   * Telnet Service in Microsoft Windows 2000
   * Telnet Daemon in Microsoft Interix 2.2

Technical details

Technical description:

The Telnet protocol provides remote shell capabilities. Microsoft has
implemented the Telnet protocol by providing a Telnet Server in several
products. The implementations in two of these products – Windows 2000
and Interix 2.2 – contain unchecked buffers in the code that handles
the processing of telnet protocol options.

An attacker could use this vulnerability to perform a buffer overflow
attack. A successful attack could cause the Telnet Server to fail, or
in some cases, could possibly allow an attacker to execute code of her
choice on the system. Such code would execute using the security context
of the Telnet service, but this context varies from product to product.
In Windows 2000, the Telnet service always runs as System; in the Interix
implementation, the administrator selects the security context in which to
run as part of the installation process.

Mitigating factors:

   * While the Telnet Service in Windows 2000 is installed by default, it is
     not running by default. As a result, a Windows 2000 system would only be
     vulnerable if the administrator had started the service

   * Remotely exploiting this vulnerability would require the attacker to have
     the ability to connect to the Telnet Server. Best practices recommends
     against allowing Telnet access on uncontrolled networks.

   * The Telnet Daemon in Interix 2.2 is not installed by default when Interix
     2.2 is installed. An administrator would have to choose to install and
     configure this feature.

   * The Telnet Daemon in Interix does not specify a security context by default.
     The administrator specifies the security context when they configure or run
     the daemon. Best practices recommend that the Telnet Daemon run in a context
     of least privilege, meaning that it have only those rights necessary and no
     more.

Severity Rating:      Internet Servers      Intranet Servers    Client Systems
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Telnet Service in
Microsoft Windows
2000                  Moderate              Moderate            Moderate
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
Telnet Daemon in
Microsoft Interix
2.2                   Low                   Low                 Low
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

The above assessment is based on the types of systems affected by the
vulnerability, their typical deployment patterns, and the effect that
exploiting the vulnerability would have on them. In the case of the Windows
2000 Telnet Service, the service is not running by default, making the default
installation not vulnerable. In the case of the Interix Telnet Daemon, this is
not installed by default and requires specific security settings by the
administrator. Following best practices of least privilege should limit the
scope of the vulnerability.

Vulnerability identifier: CAN-2002-00020

Tested Versions:
Microsoft tested Windows XP, Windows 2000, Services for UNIX 2.0 and Interix 2.2
to assess whether they are affected by this vulnerability. Windows NT 4.0 was not
tested, as it does not ship with a Telnet server. Previous versions are no longer
supported and may or may not be affected by this vulnerability.

Frequently asked questions

What’s the scope of the vulnerability?

This is a buffer overflow vulnerability that affects two Microsoft products: the
Telnet Service in Windows 2000 and the Telnet Daemon (telnetd) in Microsoft Interix
2.2. By sending a specially malformed request to the telnet server, an attacker
could produce either of two results. In the simpler case, this could cause the
telnet server to fail. In the more complex case, this could allow an attacker to
execute code of their choice on the system.

Best practices recommend very strongly that Telnet should only be used on a fully
trusted network. Telnet should not be used across the Internet and Telnet connections
should be blocked at the corporate firewall. Neither Windows 2000 nor Interix are
affected by by this vulnerability under default conditions.

What causes the vulnerability?

The vulnerability results because of an unchecked buffer in a part of code that
handles the Telnet protocol options. By submitting a specially specific malformed
packet, a malicious user could overrun the buffer.

What's Telnet?

Telnet is an industry standard protocol that allows a user to establish a remote
terminal session on a telnet server. Because this is a terminal session, there is
only a command-line interface. Telnet is mainly used for simple remote administration
via the command prompt.

Several Microsoft products contain implementations of the Telnet protocol. However,
the vulnerability at issue here affects only two of these implementations – the
ones in Microsoft Interix and Windows 2000.

What's Microsoft Interix?

Microsoft Interix is a product that allows customers to run UNIX application on
a Windows system. Providing this capability expands support for UNIX applications,
daemons, and scripts by provides an enhanced UNIX environmental subsystem beyond
the standard POSIX subsystem in Windows 2000. It allows customers to run UNIX
applications, daemons and scripts on Windows NT and Windows 2000.

What's a daemon?

In UNIX, a networking service like Telnet is called a daemon. Often, the actual
program for the service is named with a "-d" at the end, to indicate that it is
a daemon.

Because the Telnet server in Interix is actually a UNIX program rather than
a Win-32 program, it's referred to as a daemon for accuracy. In this case, the
program in question is /bin/telnetd and /usr/sbin/in.telnetd.

What could an attacker do with this vulnerability?

An attacker could attempt to overrun the buffer with a large quantity of data. If an
attacker supplied a large enough quantity of random data, she could cause the Telnet
server to fail. If the attacker supplied carefully crafted data, she could cause code
of her choosing to run in the Telnet server's process space.

If an attacker successfully loaded malicious code, what security context would it
execute in?

The code would run in the same context as the Telnet Service. The specific context
depends on the product.

For the Windows 2000 Telnet Service , the code would execute within the SYSTEM context.
This would allow the attacker to execute commands with the same privileges as the
operating system. This means the code could take any action, including reformatting
the hard drive, spawning a remote command shell with SYSTEM privileges, installing
programs, or shutting down the system.

For the Telnet Daemon in Interix, the context in which the code executes depends on
choices made by the administrator when configuring telnetd. The administrator
specifics the context in which telnetd operates when starting telnetd or configuring
it to start automatically. Any code loaded by a successful exploit of this
vulnerability would thus execute in the context in which the administrator decided
to run telnetd. For example, if telnetd were configured to run in the SYSTEM context,
then malicious code would execute in that context and be able to act as part of the
operating system. Alternately, if the administrator configured telnetd to run in the
context of a specially limited account, malicious code would execute only within
that context.

How could an attacker mount an attack by using this vulnerability?

An attacker could attempt to mount an attack against this vulnerability by sending
malformed packets to the Telnet Service. Anyone who could connect to the Telnet
Service could potentially be able to attempt to exploit this vulnerability.

Could an attacker exploit this vulnerability across the Internet?

If a Telnet server were accessible across the Internet, an attacker could use this
vulnerability to attempt an attack on the server. However, most corporate firewalls
block Telnet access at the firewall as a best practice. Also, most companies
prohibit Telnet in their DMZ as a best practice. These steps would eliminate
exposure to this vulnerability on the Internet.

What does the patch do?

The patch eliminates the vulnerability by instituting proper checking of data input.

Who should apply the patch?

Any one who is running the Windows 2000 Telnet Service or the Telnet Daemon
(telnetd) in Interix.

I'm using the Telnet Server in Services for UNIX 2.0, do I need to apply the patch?

No, the Telnet Server in Services for UNIX 2.0 does not contain this flaw.

I have the Telnet Service for Windows 2000 installed, but not running, should I
apply the patch?

If you have Telnet installed but are not using the service, you should first
consider removing the service as a best practice. If you are not going to remove
the service, you should apply the patch.

I'm running Windows 2000 Professional, am I vulnerable?

The Telnet Service for Windows 2000 is installed, but not running by default on
Windows 2000 Professional. Customers running Windows 2000 Professional should
apply the patch to protect themselves if the service is enabled.

Patch availability

Download locations for this patch

   * Telnet Service in Microsoft Windows 2000:

   * The single patch for this issue is available at:
     http://www.microsoft.com/windows2000/downloads/security/q307298/default.asp

   * In addition, the fix for this issue is included in Windows 2000 Security Roll-up Package 1

   * Microsoft Interix 2.2:
     http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/release.asp?ReleaseID=35969

Additional information about this patch

Installation platforms:

   * Windows 2000:
       This patch can be installed on systems running Windows 2000 Service Pack 1 or
       Windows 2000 Service Pack 2

   * Interix 2.2:
       This patch can be installed on systems running Microsoft Interix 2.2 Gold

  Inclusion in future service packs:
  The Telnet Service for Windows 2000 fix for this issue will be included in
  Windows 2000 Service Pack 3

Reboot needed: No

Superseded patches: MS01-039

Verifying patch installation:

   * Interix 2.2:
       Verify that the version of the in.telnetd binary is 2.2.428.1

   * Telnet Service for Windows 2000:
       Verify that the version of Tlntsvr.exe is 5.0.33668.1

Caveats:
None

Localization:
Localized versions of this patch are under development. When completed, they will
be available at the locations discussed in "Obtaining other security patches".

Obtaining other security patches:
Patches for other security issues are available from the following locations:

   * Security patches are available from the Microsoft Download Center, and can be most
     easily found by doing a keyword search for "security_patch".
   * Patches for consumer platforms are available from the WindowsUpdate web site
   * All patches available via WindowsUpdate also are available in a redistributable
     form from the WindowsUpdate Corporate site.

Other information:

Support:

   * Microsoft Knowledge Base article Q307298 discusses this issue and will be available
     approximately 24 hours after the release of this bulletin. Knowledge Base articles
     can be found on the Microsoft Online Support web site.
   * Technical support is available from Microsoft Product Support Services. There is no
     charge for support calls associated with security patches.

Security Resources: The Microsoft TechNet Security Web Site provides additional
information about security in Microsoft products.

Disclaimer:
The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without
warranty of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied,
including the warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
In no event shall Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages
whatsoever including direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business
profits or special damages, even if Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been
advised of the possibility of such damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion or
limitation of liability for consequential or incidental damages so the foregoing
limitation may not apply.

Revisions:

   * V1.0 (February 02, 2002): Bulletin Created.

[***** End Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-004 *****]

  ------------------------------------------------------------------------
CIAC wishes to acknowledge the contributions of Microsoft Corporation for
the information contained in this bulletin.
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------
CIAC services are available to DOE, DOE Contractors, and the NIH. CIAC can
be contacted at:

    Voice:          +1 925-422-8193 (7 x 24)
    FAX:            +1 925-423-8002
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    E-mail:          ciac@llnl.gov
    World Wide Web:  http://www.ciac.org/
                     http://ciac.llnl.gov
                     (same machine -- either one will work)
    Anonymous FTP:   ftp.ciac.org
                     ciac.llnl.gov
                     (same machine -- either one will work)

  ------------------------------------------------------------------------
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the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor the
University of California nor any of their employees, makes any warranty,
express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for
the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus,
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  ------------------------------------------------------------------------
UCRL-MI-119788
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