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TUCoPS :: Web :: Apps :: n-008.txt

Microsoft Elevation of Privilege in SQL Server Web Tasks (CIAC N-008)


                       The U.S. Department of Energy
                   Computer Incident Advisory Capability
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                             INFORMATION BULLETIN

            Microsoft Elevation of Privilege in SQL Server Web Tasks
                     [Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-061]

October 17, 2002 20:00 GMT                                        Number N-008
PROBLEM:       There are a number of flaws in the webtask functionality that 
               may allow an attacker to gain control of the database by 
               elevating their privileges. 
SOFTWARE:      * Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 
	       * Microsoft Data Engine (MSDE) 1.0 
	       * Microsoft SQL Server 2000 
	       * Microsoft Desktop Engine (MSDE) 2000
DAMAGE:        By exploiting this vulnerability, an attacker can elevate his 
               or her privileges and add themselves to the SYSADMIN group. 
SOLUTION:      Apply appropriate patch based on Microsoft's bulletin. 
VULNERABILITY  The risk is MEDIUM. An attacker must be authenticated as a user 
ASSESSMENT:    of the SQL server, however by exploiting this vulnerability an 
               attacker may choose to run OS commands or add themselves to the 
               SYSADMIN group. 
 ORIGINAL BULLETIN:                                                           

[***** Start Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-061 *****]
Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-061 

Elevation of Privilege in SQL Server Web Tasks (Q316333)
Originally posted: October 16, 2002

Who should read this bulletin: System administrators using Microsoft® SQL 
Server™ 7.0, SQL Server 2000, Microsoft Data Engine (MSDE) 1.0, and 
Microsoft Desktop Engine (MSDE) 2000. 

Impact of vulnerability: Elevation of privilege 

Maximum Severity Rating: Critical 

Recommendation: System administrators should apply the patch to affected systems. 

Affected Software: 

Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 
Microsoft Data Engine (MSDE) 1.0 
Microsoft SQL Server 2000 
Microsoft Desktop Engine (MSDE) 2000 

 Technical details
Technical description: 

This is a cumulative patch that includes the functionality of all previously 
released patches for SQL Server 7.0, SQL Server 2000, and Microsoft Data Engine 
(MSDE) 1.0, Microsoft Desktop Engine (MSDE) 2000. In addition, it eliminates 
one newly discovered vulnerability. 

SQL Server 7.0 and 2000 provide stored procedures which is a collection of Transact-SQL 
statements stored under a name and processed as a group. One stored procedure, an 
extended stored procedure and weak permissions on a table combine to allow a low 
privileged user the ability to run, delete, insert or update web tasks. 

An attacker who is able to authenticate to a SQL server could delete, insert or update 
all the web tasks created by other users. In addition, the attacker could run already 
created web tasks in the context of the creator of the web task. This typically runs 
in the context of the SQL Server Agent service account. 

Mitigating factors: 

* It is necessary to be an authenticated user of the SQL Server. 
* Exploiting this vulnerability could allow the attacker to escalate privileges 
  to the level of the SQL Server service account. By default, the service runs with the
  privileges of a domain user, rather than with system privileges. 
* Web tasks have to exist in the first place. 

Severity Rating:  			Internet Servers Intranet Servers Client Systems 
SQL Server 7.0 (Including MSDE 1.0) 	Critical 	 Critical 	  None 
SQL Server 2000 (Including MSDE 2000) 	Critical 	 Critical 	  None 
The above assessment is based on the types of systems affected by the vulnerability, 
their typical deployment patterns, and the effect that exploiting the vulnerability would 
have on them. This issue received a critical rating because an authenticated user could 
connect to a SQL Server and insert, delete or update web tasks. 

Vulnerability identifier: CAN-2002-1145 

Tested Versions:
Microsoft tested SQL Server 7.0 and SQL Server 2000 (and their associated versions of MSDE) 
to assess whether they are affected by these vulnerabilities. Previous versions are no 
longer supported, and may or may not be affected by these vulnerabilities.

Patch availability
Download locations for this patch 
* Microsoft SQL Server 7.0:;en-us;Q327068&sd=tech 
* Microsoft SQL Server 2000:;en-us;Q316333&sd=tech 

 Additional information about this patch
Installation platforms: 

* The SQL Server 7.0 patch can be installed on systems running SQL Server 7.0 Service Pack 4. 
* The SQL Server 2000 patch can be installed on systems running SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 2 

Inclusion in future service packs:
The fix for this issue will be included in SQL Server 2000 Service Pack 3. 

Reboot needed: No. However, it might be necessary to restart the SQL Server service. 

Patch can be uninstalled: No. 

Superseded patches: This patch supersedes the one provided in Microsoft Security Bulletin 
MS02-056, which was itself a cumulative patch. 

Verifying patch installation: 

* SQL Server 7.0:
  To ensure you have the fix installed properly, verify the individual files by consulting the 
  date/time stamp of the files listed in the file manifest in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 
* SQL Server 2000:
  To ensure you have the fix installed properly, verify the individual files by consulting the 
  date/time stamp of the files listed in the file manifest in Microsoft Knowledge Base article 


* If you are running Microsoft Windows NT Server 4.0 Service Pack 6, you must apply the hotfix 
  that is described in Q258437 before applying this patch. Q258437 is now available for public 
  download. See the Knowledge base article for more information. 
* This patch does not include the functionality of the Killpwd tool provided in Microsoft 
  Security Bulletin MS02-035. 
* The patch does not supersede any previously released patches for MDAC or OLAP under SQL 
  Server 2000. At this writing, these patches include the ones discussed in: 
	* Microsoft Security Bulletin MS00-092 
	* Microsoft Security Bulletin MS01-041 
	* Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-030 
* The process for installing the patch varies somewhat depending on the specific configuration 
  of the server. System administrators should ensure that they read the Readme.txt file in the 
  patch package to ensure the patch is installed correctly. 

Localized versions of this patch are available at the locations discussed in "Patch Availability". 

Obtaining other security patches: 
Patches for other security issues are available from the following locations:

* Security patches are available from the Microsoft Download Center, and can be most easily
  found by doing a keyword search for "security_patch".
* Patches for consumer platforms are available from the WindowsUpdate web site 

Other information: 

Microsoft thanks David Litchfield of Next Generation Security Software Ltd. for reporting 
this issue to us and working with us to protect customers. We would also like to thank Martin 
Rakhmanoff ( for contributing to the investigation. 


* Microsoft Knowledge Base article Q316333 discusses this issue. Knowledge Base articles can be
  found on the Microsoft Online Support web site.
* Technical support is available from Microsoft Product Support Services. There is no charge
  for support calls associated with security patches.

Security Resources: The Microsoft TechNet Security Web Site provides additional information
about security in Microsoft products. 

The information provided in the Microsoft Knowledge Base is provided "as is" without warranty 
of any kind. Microsoft disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, including the 
warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall 
Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers be liable for any damages whatsoever including direct, 
indirect, incidental, consequential, loss of business profits or special damages, even if 
Microsoft Corporation or its suppliers have been advised of the possibility of such damages. 
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of liability for consequential or 
incidental damages so the foregoing limitation may not apply.


* V1.0 (October 16, 2002): Bulletin Created. 
[***** End Microsoft Security Bulletin MS02-061 *****]


CIAC wishes to acknowledge the contributions of Microsoft Corporation and Next 
Generation Security Software Ltd for the information contained in this bulletin.

CIAC, the Computer Incident Advisory Capability, is the computer
security incident response team for the U.S. Department of Energy
(DOE) and the emergency backup response team for the National
Institutes of Health (NIH). CIAC is located at the Lawrence Livermore
National Laboratory in Livermore, California. CIAC is also a founding
member of FIRST, the Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams, a
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among computer security teams worldwide.

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This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an
agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States
Government nor the University of California nor any of their
employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any
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