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TUCoPS :: Unix :: General :: cert0114.txt

CERT Advisory CA-96.09 rpc statd





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=============================================================================
CERT(sm) Advisory CA-96.09
Original issue date: April 24, 1996
Last revised: November 12, 1996
              Replaced a URL with a pointer to updated SGI information.

              A complete revision history is at the end of this file.

Topic: Vulnerability in rpc.statd
- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The CERT Coordination Center has received reports of a vulnerability
in rpc.statd (rpc.statd is also known as statd on some systems). We
have received reports of this vulnerability being exploited.

If exploited, this vulnerability can be used to remove any file that the root
user can remove or to create any file that the root user can create.

Section III and Appendix A contain information from vendors. Appendix B
contains an example of a possible workaround.

We will update this advisory as we receive additional information.
Please check advisory files regularly for updates that relate to your site.

- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

I.   Description

     rpc.statd, also called statd, is the NFS file-locking status monitor. It
     interacts with rpc.lockd, also called lockd, to provide the crash and
     recovery functions for file locking across NFS.

     Note that rpc.lockd and rpc.statd work together; if either is running,
     both must run.

     rpc.lockd and rpc.statd can be safely turned off on a machine if that
     machine is neither an NFS client nor an NFS server. Consult your
     system documentation to learn how to turn these services off and not
     restart them when a system is rebooted.

     If a machine where rpc.lockd and rpc.statd have been disabled becomes
     either an NFS server or an NFS client, then both rpc.lockd and
     rpc.statd should be turned back on.

     NFS is stateless, which means that NFS clients and servers can be
     rebooted without a loss of file integrity due to NFS. In contrast, NFS
     file locking is stateful. To achieve this stateful nature in a stateless
     environment, rpc.lockd must work with rpc.statd to add state to file
     locking.

     To understand what rpc.statd does, it is first necessary to understand
     what rpc.lockd does. rpc.lockd processes lock requests that are sent
     either locally by the kernel or remotely by another lock daemon.
     rpc.lockd forwards lock requests for remote NFS files to the NFS server's
     lock daemon using Remote Procedure Calls (RPC).

     rpc.lockd then requests monitoring service from the status monitor
     daemon, rpc.statd, running on the NFS server. Monitoring services are
     needed because file locks are maintained in the NFS server kernel. In
     the event of a system crash or reboot, all NFS locks would normally be
     lost. It is rpc.statd that adds stateful file locking.

     When an NFS server reboots, rpc.statd causes the previously held locks
     to be recovered by notifying the NFS client lock daemons to resubmit
     previously granted lock requests. If a lock daemon fails to secure a
     previously granted lock on the NFS server, it sends SIGLOST to the
     process that originally requested the file lock.

     The vulnerability in rpc.statd is its lack of validation of the
     information it receives from what is presumed to be the remote rpc.lockd.
     Because rpc.statd normally runs as root and because it does not validate
     this information, rpc.statd can be made to remove or create any file that
     the root user can remove or create on the NFS server.

II.  Impact

     Any file that root could remove can be removed by rpc.statd. Any file
     that root could create can be created by rpc.statd, albeit with mode 200.

III. Solution

     The general solution to this problem is to replace the rpc.statd daemon
     with one that validates the information sent to it by the remote
     rpc.lockd. We recommend that you install a patch from your vendor if
     possible. If a patch is not available for your system, we recommend
     contacting your vendor and requesting that a patch be developed as soon
     as possible. In the meantime, consider whether the information in
     Appendix B is applicable to your site.

     Vendor Information
     ------------------
     Below is a list of vendors who have provided information. Details are in
     Appendix A of this advisory. We will update the advisory as we receive
     more information.

          Berkeley Software Design, Inc.
          Cray Research, Inc.
          Data General Corporation
          Harris Computer Systems Corp.
          Hewlett-Packard Company
          IBM Corporation
          NEC Corporation
          NeXT Software, Inc.
          The Santa Cruz Operation
          Silicon Graphics. Inc.
          Sony Corporation
          Sun Microsystems, Inc.
          TGV/Cisco Systems, Inc.

     If your vendor's name is not on this list, please contact the vendor
     directly.

.........................................................................
Appendix A: Vendor Information

Below is information we have received from vendors concerning the
vulnerability described in this advisory. If you do not see your vendor's
name, please contact the vendor directly for information.


Apple Computer, Inc.
====================

A/UX
- ----
An upgrade to A/UX version 3.1 (and 3.1.1) for this vulnerability is
available. The upgrade replaces the rpc.statd binary with a new, improved
version. It is available via anonymous FTP from ftp.support.apple.com:

        pub/apple_sw_updates/US/Unix/A_UX/supported/3.x/rpc.statd/rpc.statd.Z

Uncompress(1) this file and replace the existing version in /etc.
Modify the entry for rpc.statd in /etc/inittab to "respawn" instead of "wait".
Kill the running rpc.statd and restart.

Earlier versions of A/UX are not supported by this patch. Users of
previous versions are encouraged to update their system or disable rpc.statd.

AIX for the Apple Network Server
- -------------------------------
An upgrade to AIX version 4.1.4 for the Network Server which resolves
this vulnerability is available. The PTF replaces the rpc.statd binary
and related programs with new, improved versions.

To determine if you already have APAR IX55931 on your system, run the
following command:

        instfix -ik IX55931

Or run the following command:

        lslpp -h bos.net.nfs.client

Your version of bos.net.nfs.client should be 4.1.4.7 or later.

The PTF for this APAR is available via anonymous FTP from
ftp.support.apple.com:

        pub/apple_sw_updates/US/Unix/AIX/supported/4.1/bos.net.nfs.client.bff

Place this file in /usr/sys/inst.images or another directory of your choice.
To install the PTF, start smit using the following fast path:

        # smit install_selectable

Select the menu item "Install Fileset Updates by Fix" and provide the
name of the directory in which the PTF was placed. Enter OK and in the
next dialog, enter the APAR number, IX55931, in the "FIXES" item. For
information about the other options in this dialog, see the manual page
for installp(1). Enter OK, exit smit and restart the system.

Customers should contact their reseller for any additional information.


Berkeley Software Design, Inc.
=============================

BSD/OS is not vulnerable.


Cray Research, Inc.
===================

This problem has been tracked with SPR 99983 and reported
with Field notice 2107. Since statd is only available on 9.0 systems
fixes have been provided for UNICOS 9.0 and higher.


Data General Corporation
========================

Data General has fixed this vulnerability in DG/UX R4.11 Maintenance
Update 2 (R4.11MU02).


Digital Equipment Corporation
=============================

For updated information, please refer to the Digital Equipment
Corporation Vendor Bulletin #96.0383, available in

         ftp://info.cert.org/pub/vendors/dec/dec_96.0383

Note:  Non-contract/non-warranty customers should contact
       local Digital support channels for information
       regarding these kits.

As always, Digital urges you to periodically review your system
management and security procedures. Digital will continue to review
and enhance the security features of its products and work with
customers to maintain and improve the security and integrity of their
systems.

Harris Computer Systems Corporation
===================================

All versions of NightHawk CX/SX and CyberGuard CX/SX are not vulnerable.

All versions of NightHawk CX/UX and PowerUX are vulnerable.
Users are advised, until patches are available, to use the workaround
in the advisory.


Hewlett-Packard Company
=======================

      The rpc.statd daemon that ships with HP systems contains a
      vulnerability that could allow a remote user to delete files
      on the system running rpc.statd.

      Hewlett Packard is delivering a set of operating system dependent
      patches which contain a new version of rpc.statd.  Accompanying
      each patch is a README file which discusses the general purpose
      of the patch and describes how to apply it to your system.

      Recommended solution:

      Apply one of the following patches based on your system hardware
      and operating system revision:

      s300/s400 9.X  - PHNE_7372 (rpc.statd)
      s700/s800 9.X  - PHNE_7072 (NFS Megapatch)
      s700/s800 10.X - PHNE_7073 (NFS Megapatch)

      The patches described above provide a new version of the
      rpc.statd executable which fixes the vulnerability.

      To subscribe to automatically receive future NEW HP Security
      Bulletins please refer to information in

         ftp://info.cert.org/pub/vendors/hp/HP.contact_info

IBM Corporation
===============

See the appropriate release below to determine your action.

  AIX 3.2
  -------
    Apply the following fix to your system:

       APAR - IX56056 (PTF - U441411)

    To determine if you have this PTF on your system, run the following
    command:

       lslpp -lB U441411


  AIX 4.1
  -------
    Apply the following fix to your system:

        APAR - IX55931

    To determine if you have this APAR on your system, run the following
    command:

       instfix -ik IX55931

    Or run the following command:

       lslpp -h bos.net.nfs.client

    Your version of bos.net.nfs.client should be 4.1.4.7 or later.


  To Order
  --------
    APARs may be ordered using FixDist or from the IBM Support Center.
    For more information on FixDist, reference URL:

                http://service.software.ibm.com/aixsupport/

    or send e-mail to aixserv@austin.ibm.com with a subject of "FixDist".


NEC Corporation
===============

Some systems are vulnerable and patches are available through
anonymous FTP from ftp://ftp.meshnet.or.jp.

 UP-UX/V (Rel4.2MP) R5.x   NECu5s003.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/up/r5/pkg
                            Results of sum = 3060 266
                                       md5 = 79E626B99A55FB0DBCE6EE642874570A
                    R6.x   NECu6s003.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/up/r6/pkg
                            Results of sum = 47304 272
                                       md5 = 9FC9E993A5AB51291BF4817D3D70FBFD
                    R7.x   NECu7s003.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/up/r7/pkg
                            Results of sum = 46470 291
                                       md5 = 59CA6887078AF88EA165AFD3BF5A1374

 EWS-UX/V(Rel4.2)   R7.x   NECe7s004.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/ews/r7/pkg
                            Results of sum = 3827 194
                                       md5 = 4D40D9258DAB7EA41C30789609818330

                    R8.x   NECe8s004.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/ews/r8/pkg
                            Results of sum = 24399 199
                                       md5 = 40B4CB1140791C14D1B604B6E8CB5FCB

                    R9.x(except EWS4800/110N)
                            NECe9s008.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/ews/r9/pkg
                            Results of sum = 23250 203
                                       md5 = 5AD8BED137AAE7D0067EF3120574786C


                    R9.x(EWS4800/110N)
                           NECe9s007.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/ews/r9n/pkg
                            Results of sum = 3972 201
                                       md5 = 28B2FA99F5200F81C5465571EF27E08B

                    R10.x  NECeas004.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/ews/ran/pkg
                            Results of sum = 51969 205
                                       md5 = B6E12017E66DC8DC38FBE78CA1F0B0F0

 EWS-UX/V (Rel4.2MP) R10.x  NECmas007.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/ews/ra/pkg
                            Results of sum = 48060 291
                                       md5 = 42F8AE832071F033E21D8718A3670D76

 UX/4800             R11.x  NECmbs010.COM.pkg
                            /pub/48pub/security/ews/rb/pkg
                            Results of sum = 24885 335
                                       md5 = 7A14CBE4EA9B2470E340B5EEFD523F95

NeXT Software, Inc.
===================

This vulnerability will be fixed in release 4.0 of OpenStep for Mach,
scheduled for 2Q96.


The Santa Cruz Operation, Inc.
==============================

These are not vulnerable:
     SCO UnixWare 2.x.
     SCO OpenServer 3.0, 5
     SCO Open Desktop 2.x, 3.x
     SCO NFS 1.x.x.


Silicon Graphics, Inc.
======================

All versions of IRIX earlier than 6.2 are vulnerable.
IRIX 6.2 is not vulnerable.

The the most current information appears in

      ftp://sgigate.sgi.com/security/19960301-01-P

       
Sony Corporation
================

        NEWS-OS 4.2.1   vulnerable; Patch 0124 [rpc.statd] is available.

        NEWS-OS 6.0.3   vulnerable; Patch SONYP6063 [lockd/statd 2] is
                        available.
        NEWS-OS 6.1     vulnerable; Patch SONYP6176 [lockd/statd] is
                        available.
        NEWS-OS 6.1.1   vulnerable; Patch SONYP6207 [lockd/statd] is
                        available.

        Patches are available via anonymous FTP in the
        /pub/patch/news-os/un-official directory on
        ftp1.sony.co.jp [202.238.80.18]:

        4.2.1a+/0124.doc       describes about patch 0124 [rpc.statd]
        4.2.1a+/0124_C.pch     patch for NEWS-OS 4.2.1C/a+C
        4.2.1a+/0124_R.pch     patch for NEWS-OS 4.2.1R/RN/RD/aRD/aRS/a+R

        6.0.3/SONYP6063.doc    describes about patch SONYP6063 [lockd/statd 2]
        6.0.3/SONYP6063.pch    patch for NEWS-OS 6.0.3

        6.1/SONYP6176.doc      describes about patch SONYP6176 [lockd/statd]
        6.1/SONYP6176.pch      patch for NEWS-OS 6.1

        6.1.1/SONYP6207.doc    describes about patch SONYP6207 [lockd/statd]
        6.1.1/SONYP6207.pch    patch for NEWS-OS 6.1.1

If you need further information, contact your dealer.


Sun Microsystems, Inc.
======================

The following patches are now available to fix the vulnerabilities in
rpc.statd. More details are in Sun Microsystems Security Bulletin #00135,
dated May 21, 1996.


   A. Solaris 2.x (SunOS 5.x) patches

    Patches which replace the affected statd executable are available
    for every supported version of SunOS 5.x.

        OS version      Patch ID
        ----------      ---------
        SunOS 5.3       102932-02
        SunOS 5.4       102769-03
        SunOS 5.4_X86   102770-03
        SunOS 5.5       103468-01
        SunOS 5.5_X86   103469-01

    B.  Solaris 1.x (SunOS 4.1.x) patches

    For SunOS 4.1.x, the fix is supplied in a new version of the "UFS
    file system and NFS locking" jumbo patch.

        OS version      Patch ID
        ----------      ---------
        SunOS 4.1.3     100988-05
        SunOS 4.1.3_U1  101592-07
        SunOS 4.1.4     102516-04


In the checksum table we show the BSD and SVR4 checksums and MD5 digital
signatures for the compressed tar archives.

In the checksum table we show the BSD and SVR4 checksums and MD5 digital
signatures for the compressed tar archives.

    File             BSD          SVR4        MD5
    Name             Checksum     Checksum    Digital Signature
    ---------------  -----------  ---------   --------------------------------
    100988-05.tar.Z  10148 444    4116 888    ACE925E808A582D6CF9209FE7A51D23B
    101592-07.tar.Z  21219 346    32757 692   7B7EE4BD5B2692249FDB9178746AA71B
    102516-04.tar.Z  65418 201    61604 401   DB87F3DDA2F12FE2CFBB8B56874A1756
    102769-03.tar.Z  38936 74     64202 148   9A8E4D9BE8C58FD532EE0E2140EF7F85
    102770-03.tar.Z  04518 71     23051 141   F646E2B7AD66EEFBB32F6AB630796AF8
    102932-02.tar.Z  34664 70     45816 139   66CB7F6AE48784A884BA658186268C41
    103468-01.tar.Z  30917 82     46790 164   84680D9A0D2AEF62FFE1382C82684BE5
    103469-01.tar.Z  31245 82     52288 164   F22AEB0FD91687DAB8ADC4DF10348DE8


The checksums shown above are from the BSD-based checksum (on 4.1.x,
/bin/sum; on SunOS 5.x, /usr/ucb/sum) and from the SVR4 version on
on SunOS 5.x (/usr/bin/sum).

Customers with Sun support contracts can obtain patches from:

       - SunSolve Online
       - Local Sun answer centers, worldwide
       - SunSITEs worldwide

The patches are available via World Wide Web at http://sunsolve1.sun.com.

Customers without support contracts may now obtain security patches,
"recommended" patches, and patch lists via SunSolve Online.


TGV/Cisco Systems, Inc.
=======================

    Cisco MultiNet for OpenVMS is not vulnerable.

.........................................................................
Appendix B: Example Workaround Scenario

The information given below was provided to the CERT/CC by Wolfgang Ley
of DFN-CERT. It is reproduced here as an example of how to run the statd
daemon as a user other than root on a Solaris system. This workaround
may not be directly applicable on other vendor's systems, but an analogous
solution may be possible. Please contact your vendor for assistance.

The statd daemon under Solaris 2.4 and 2.5 starts without problems
if the following steps are taken.

1) Go into single user mode (ensure rpcbind and statd are not running)

2) Create a new user, e.g., "statd" with a separate uid/gid

3) Chown statd /var/statmon/* /var/statmon/*/*

4) Chgrp statd /var/statmon/* /var/statmon/*/*

5) Edit /etc/init.d/nfs.client startup script and change the start of the
   statd from:

     /usr/lib/nfs/statd > /dev/console 2>&1

   to:

     /usr/bin/su - statd -c "/usr/lib/nfs/statd" > /dev/console 2>&1

6) Reboot the system



- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
The CERT Coordination Center thanks Andrew Gross of the San Diego
Supercomputer Center for reporting this problem and Wolfgang Ley of DFN-CERT
for his support in responding to this problem.
- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

If you believe that your system has been compromised, contact the CERT
Coordination Center or your representative in the Forum of Incident
Response and Security Teams (FIRST).

We strongly urge you to encrypt any sensitive information you send by email.
The CERT Coordination Center can support a shared DES key and PGP. Contact the
CERT staff for more information.

Location of CERT PGP key
         ftp://info.cert.org/pub/CERT_PGP.key

CERT Contact Information
- ------------------------
Email    cert@cert.org

Phone    +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
                CERT personnel answer 8:30-5:00 p.m. EST
                (GMT-5)/EDT(GMT-4), and are on call for
                emergencies during other hours.

Fax      +1 412-268-6989

Postal address
        CERT Coordination Center
        Software Engineering Institute
        Carnegie Mellon University
        Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890
        USA

CERT publications, information about FIRST representatives, and other
security-related information are available for anonymous FTP from
        http://www.cert.org/
        ftp://info.cert.org/pub/

CERT advisories and bulletins are also posted on the USENET newsgroup
        comp.security.announce

To be added to our mailing list for CERT advisories and bulletins, send your
email address to
        cert-advisory-request@cert.org


Copyright 1996 Carnegie Mellon University
This material may be reproduced and distributed without permission provided it
is used for noncommercial purposes and the copyright statement is included.

CERT is a service mark of Carnegie Mellon University.


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Revision history

Nov. 12, 1996 Appendix A, SGI - replaced a URL with a pointer to updated
                                information. 
Sep. 18, 1996 Revised opening paragraph.
Aug. 30, 1996 Information previously in the README was inserted into the
              advisory.
              Appendix A, IBM - put a new URL in the "To Order" section.
              Appendix A, Sun - removed a workaround for SunOS 4.x (patches now
              available).
Aug. 01, 1996 Appendix A, Hewlett-Packard - updated information.
July 26, 1996 Appendix A, NEC - added patch information.
July 5, 1996  Appendix A, Digital - added pointer to updated vendor
              information.
July 1, 1996  Appendix A, SGI - added pointer to release notes.
May 23, 1996  Appendix A, Sun - added pointer to patches.
May 10, 1996  Sec. I - added clarification about disabling rpc.lockd and
              rpc.statd.
              Appendix A, TGV/Cisco Systems - added an entry.
              Appendix A, Sun - added a workaround.




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