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TUCoPS :: Unix :: General :: cert0101.txt

CERT Advisory CA-95:14 Telnetd Environment Vulnerability


CERT(sm) Advisory CA-95:14
Original issue date: November 1, 1995
Last revised: August 30, 1996
              Information previously in the README was inserted
              into the advisory.

              A complete revision history is at the end of this file.
Topic: Telnetd Environment Vulnerability
- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The CERT Coordination Center has been made aware of a vulnerability with
some telnet daemons. The daemons affected are those that support RFC 1408
or RFC 1572, both titled "Telnet Environment Option," running on systems
that also support shared object libraries.

To determine if your system is potentially vulnerable, refer to the
information we have received from vendors which is summarized in Section III
below; details are in Appendix A. Note that if you installed a version of
David Borman's telnet package that is older than October 23, 1995, your system
may be vulnerable even though it was not vulnerable as distributed by the

If your vendor is not listed, you will need to determine if your system
may be vulnerable. First, determine if your telnet daemon is RFC 1408/1572
compliant. One indication that it is compliant is if your telnet(1)
program supports the "environ" command or your telnetd(8) program supports
the ENVIRON or NEW-ENVIRON options. Unless you are certain that your
telnet daemon is not RFC 1408/1572 compliant, you may wish to assume it is
to be safe. Second, determine if your system supports shared libraries. To
do this, consult the ld(1) manual page. If it describes dynamic or shared
objects, your system probably supports shared object libraries. A system
is potentially vulnerable if the telnet daemon supports RFC 1408/RFC 1572
and the system supports shared object libraries.

We recommend that you follow your vendor's directions for addressing this
vulnerability. Until you can install a patch, we recommend using the
workaround in Appendix B below. If you have previously installed David
Borman's telnet package on your system, we recommend that you obtain the
current version of telnet (see Section III.C).

We will update this advisory as we receive additional information.
Please check advisory files regularly for updates that relate to your site.

- -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

I.   Description

     Some telnet daemons support RFC 1408 or RFC 1572, both titled "Telnet
     Environment Option." This extension to telnet provides the ability
     to transfer environment variables from one system to another. If
     the remote or targeted system, the one to which the telnet is
     connecting, is running an RFC 1408/RFC 1572-compliant telnet daemon
     *and* the targeted system also supports shared object libraries, then
     it may be possible to transfer environment variables that influence
     the login program called by the telnet daemon. By influencing that
     targeted system, a user may be able to bypass the normal login and
     authentication scheme and may become root on that system.

     Users with accounts on the targeted system can exploit this
     vulnerability. Users without accounts on that system can also
     exploit this vulnerability if they are first able to deposit an
     altered shared object library onto the targeted system. Therefore, a
     system may be vulnerable to users with and without local accounts.

     Not all systems that run an RFC 1408/RFC 1572-compliant telnet daemon
     and support shared object libraries are vulnerable. Some vendors have
     changed the trust model such that environment variables provided by
     the telnet daemon are not trusted and therefore are not used by the
     login program. Section III contains a summary of information vendors
     have reported as of the date of this advisory.

II.  Impact

     Local and remote users can become root on the targeted system.

III. Solution

     The general solution to this problem is to replace the telnet daemon 
     with one that changes the environment given to the login program. We
     recommend that you install a patch from your vendor if possible. If this
     is not possible, we recommend using the workaround in Appendix B until 
     you can install a patch. Finally, if you have previously installed Mr.
     Borman's telnet package, see Section C for how to get a new version that
     fixes the vulnerability. 

     A. Vendor Patches

        Below is a summary of the vendors listed in Appendix A of this
        advisory. More complete information, including how to obtain patches,
        is provided in the appendix. We will update the appendix as we receive
        more information from vendors.

        If your vendor's name is not on this list, please contact the
        vendor directly.

        REMINDER: If you installed a version of David Borman's telnet package
                  that is older than October 23, 1995, your system may be
                  vulnerable even though it was not vulnerable as distributed 
                  by the vendor.

        Vendor or Source               
        Apple Computer                 
        Berkeley Software Design       
        Cray Research                  
        Data General                   
        Digital Equipment              
        IBM Corp.                
        MIT-distributed for Athena     
        Open Software Foundation       
        Sony Corp.                     

     B. Workaround

        Until you can install a patch from your vendor, you can use
        the workaround provided in Appendix B.

     C. If you have installed a previous version of Mr. Borman's
        telnet package, note that he has fixed this problem in
        the version available at the following location:


                MD5 checksum 2e14879a5b0aa6dd855a17fa8a3086cf


Appendix A: Vendor Information

Below is information we have received from vendors. If you do not see your
vendor's name below, contact the vendor directly for information.

Apple Computer, Inc.
- --------------------
Apple's A/UX is not vulnerable.

Berkeley Software Design, Inc.
- -----------------------------
BSDI's BSD/OS is not vulnerable.

Cray Research, Inc.
- -------------------
Cray's UNICOS is not vulnerable.

CYGNUS Network Security V4 Free Network Release
- ----------------------------------------------------
cns-95q1 is vulnerable.   cns-95q4 is not vulnerable.

Customers can use the following URL to obtain the patch: 

If customers are unable to obtain the patch in this manner
or have any questions, send e-mail to

Note that while the URL and patch are already available, there
is no link to the page yet.  We will add a link once the
announcement has been made.

Data General Corporation
- ------------------------
Data General believes the DG/UX operating system to be
NOT vulnerable to this problem.  This includes all supported
releases, DG/UX 5.4 Release 3.00, DG/UX 5.4 Release 3.10,
DG/UX Release 4.10 and all related Trusted DG/UX releases. 

Specifically, telnetd shipped in DG/UX does not support
environment options and does not support RFC 1572.

Digital Equipment Corporation
- -----------------------------
Digital's OSF/1: vulnerable
Digital's ULTRIX: not vulnerable

Digital has corrected this potential vulnerability. Patches containing
new images for Digital's OSF/1 platforms are being provided to your 
normal Digital Support channels beginning October 31 (U.S. time). The
kits may be identified as ECO SSRT0367 (telnetd) for DEC OSF/1  V2.0
thru V3.2c

This potential vulnerability is not present on Digital's ULTRIX systems. 

Digital distribution of this announcement will be via AES services  (DIA,
DSNlink FLASH etc.). Digital Equipment Corporation strongly urges Customers
to upgrade to a minimum of DEC OSF/1 V3.0, then apply this patch.

- -------
Vulnerable.  A patch has been applied to the current development FreeBSD
source tree which is not yet released.  This patch is slightly modified
compared to posted one, i.e. only variables which affects FreeBSD are
disabled. It is telnetd patch, not a login wrapper.

For the official patch, location please contact: 

Jordan Hubbard <>

- ------
Harris Computer Systems Corporation's Night Hawk is not vulnerable.

Hewlett-Packard Company
- -----------------------
HP/UX is not vulnerable.

IBM Corporation
- ---------------
AIX is not vulnerable to this attack.

Linux (freely available software; not a vendor)
- -----
Debian GNU/Linux (From "Peter Tobias" <>):
The current version of the Debian GNU/Linux distribution (released 10/27/95)
is not vulnerable anymore. All Debian Installations that use a netstd
package version prior to v1.21-1 are vulnerable (telnetd is part of
the netstd package). netstd-1.21-1 and above are ok.

Patches are available. Peter fixed the bug last week and uploaded the
fixed version to our ftp site ( Binaries, sources and
the diffs against the bsd telnetd can be found there.  The URL for the
new binary package is:

and the sources and the diff against the bsd telnetd can be found at:

Red Hat Linux (From Erik Troan <>):
Vulnerable.  A fix is now available at: 

It will also be fixed in the upcoming Red Hat 2.1 release.

Slackware Linux is vulnerable.  The fixes are available from:
        MD5 (in.telnetd.bin.gz) = 300fc2b022f338e32db411d0e14f0bed
        MD5 (in.telnetd.bin.elf.gz) = a9ed9a0b90b7a62c98c185e9c7970c5e

The CERT Coordination Center has received information that Paul Leyland
<> has placed patches for Linux on

Non-US sites may want to obtain the patches from this archive for convenience.
However, please note that these patches will only be available for the next
few months; at some point they will be removed from this location.

Linux: This consists of a README, a patch for the telnetd source and a
compiled telnetd which should be ok for most Slackware distributions
and is available from

          MD5 (envpatch) = 3dff044bae0ee7076b8dce735e174962
          MD5 (telnetd) = ee2146342059ab00b94fae19f9b1ea63
          MD5 (README) = 83f8d07a9b9e8f307346d2ac4b8b3f39

MIT-distributed Athena telnet/telnet95
- --------------------------------------
Vulnerable. Patches available in:

beta4-3.patch is the patch versus the Beta 4 patch level 3 distribution
of Kerberos v5.

beta5.patch is the patch versus the Beta 5 distribution of Kerberos V5.

Both patches have been PGP signed by Ted Ts'o <tytso@MIT.EDU> using
detached signatures (beta4-3.patch.sig and beta5.patch.sig).

NEC Corporation
- ---------------
Some NEC systems are vulnerable.  Here is their vulnerability matrix:

       OS               Version        Status
- ------------------   ------------   -------------------------------------
EWS-UX/V(Rel4.0)     R1.x - R6.x    not vulnerable

EWS-UX/V(Rel4.2)     R7.x - R10.x   not vulnerable

EWS-UX/V(Rel4.2MP)   R10.x          vulnerable
                                    patch available

UP-UX/V              R2.x - R4.x    not vulnerable

UP-UX/V(Rel4.2MP)    R5.x - R7.x    vulnerable
                                    patch available

UX/4800              R11.x          vulnerable
                                    patch available
- --------------------------------------------------------------------------

           The patches are available through anonymous FTP from
  in the /pub/48pub/security
           directory. Please refer to the README file in the directory
           concerning the appropriate patches that should be

          OS          Version                Patch-ID and Checksums
  ------------------ ------- -------------------------------------------------
   EWS-UX/V(Rel4.2MP)  R10.x  NECmas001
                              Results of sum = 760 295
                  MD5 (NECmas001.COM.pkg)   = 588ED562BBDA6AFF45F1910A75C19B30

   UP-UX/V(Rel4.2MP)   R5.x   NECu5s001
                              Results of sum = 22675 293
                  MD5 (NECu5s001.COM.pkg)   = CBBA695079570BE994EDE8D5AD296B38

                       R6.x   NECu6s001
                              Results of sum = 40159 293
                  MD5 (NECu6s001.COM.pkg)   = C891AF03402CFD092B930253DC3CD607

                       R7.x   NECu7s001
                              Results of sum = 65094 295
                  MD5 (NECu7s001.COM.pkg)   = 00BAFAFF4A8FCFFB58FB6F8F94039D14

   UX/4800             R11.x  NECmbs002
                              Results of sum = 34536 295
                  MD5 (NECmbs002.COM.pkg)   = E6ADAAC22C1B32C4180B855C19B49205

Contacts for further information:

- ------
NetBSD 1.0 (the last official release) is vulnerable; NetBSD 1.1 (due
out in mid-November) will not be.  NetBSD-current is not vulnerable,
as of a week or so ago.

Patches: A source form patch has been developed.  A core team member will
have to make source and binary patches available and provide a location for

The login-wrapper given in the advisory can be compiled with NetBSD with:
        cc -static -o login-wrapper login-wrapper.c

Open Software Foundation
- ------------------------
OSF/1 version 1.3 is not vulnerable.

- ----------
This is from: Barry Jaspan <>:
OpenVision has a patch for the telnetd in OpenV*Secure 1.2 and will
contact its customers directly.

The Santa Cruz Operation Inc.
- -----------------------------
SCO is NOT vulnerable.

Silicon Graphics
- ----------------

On November 16, 1995, Silicon Graphics updated their advisory,
19951101-02-P1010o1020, concerning the Telnetd vulnerability.

In the original advisory, 19951101-01-P1010o1020, the patches 1010 and
1020 were indicated for the wrong versions of IRIX.  Patch 1010 is for
IRIX 6.1 and patch 1020 is for IRIX 5.2, 5.3, 6.0, 6.0.1.   The
corrections have been made below.

The solution for this issue is a replacement of the telnetd program
for those versions that are vulnerable.  The following patches have
been generated for those versions vulnerable and freely provides them
for the community.

**** IRIX 3.x ****

This version of IRIX is not vulnerable.  No action is required.

**** IRIX 4.x ****

This version of IRIX is not vulnerable.  No action is required.

**** IRIX 5.0.x, 5.1.x ****

For the IRIX operating systems versions 5.0.x, 5.1.x, an upgrade
to 5.2 or better is required first.  When the upgrade is completed,
then the patches described in the next sections "**** IRIX 5.2, 5.3, 6.0,
6.0.1, 6.1 ***"  or "**** IRIX 6.1 ****" can be applied.

**** IRIX 5.2, 5.3, 6.0, 6.0.1 ****

For the IRIX operating system versions 5.2, 5.3, 6.0, and 6.0.1,
an inst-able patch has been generated and made available via anonymous
ftp and/or your service/support provider.  The patch is number 1020
and will install on IRIX 5.2, 5.3, 6.0 and 6.0.1 .

The SGI anonymous ftp site is (   Patch
1020 can be found in the following directories on the ftp server:




The actual patch will be a tar file containing the following files:

Filename:                 README.patch.1020
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    31057 8 README.patch.1020
Algorithm #2 (sum):       40592 8 README.patch.1020
MD5 checksum:             02F06ECD6240015F8DF82A99EC01E911

Filename:                 patchSG0001020
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    07232 2 patchSG0001020
Algorithm #2 (sum):       47310 2 patchSG0001020
MD5 checksum:             DA2341626FAEB9D67BA85FA3465BA9D9

Filename:                 patchSG0001020.eoe1_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    22449 62 patchSG0001020.eoe1_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       36518 62 patchSG0001020.eoe1_sw
MD5 checksum:             936019F2CC9AB6CAE0D2DF611D461475

Filename:                 patchSG0001020.eoe2_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    29899 43 patchSG0001020.eoe2_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       12088 43 patchSG0001020.eoe2_sw
MD5 checksum:             19A9C0BCB6F178E7EDF86850A1CF81D1

Filename:                 patchSG0001020.idb
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    64615 2 patchSG0001020.idb
Algorithm #2 (sum):       46761 2 patchSG0001020.idb
MD5 checksum:             487831A62C61FEAF5797859CBC1F018C

**** IRIX 6.1 ****

For the IRIX operating system version 6.1, an inst-able patch has
been generated and made available via anonymous ftp and/or your
service/support provider.  The patch is number 1010 and will
install on IRIX 6.1 .

The SGI anonymous ftp site is (   Patch
1010 can be found in the following directories on the ftp server:




The actual patch will be a tar file containing the following files:

Filename:                 README.patch.1010
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    43949 8 README.patch.1010
Algorithm #2 (sum):       38201 8 README.patch.1010
MD5 checksum:             A8781E18A1F79716FBFE0B6E083DAB31

Filename:                 patchSG0001010
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    08656 2 patchSG0001010
Algorithm #2 (sum):       45506 2 patchSG0001010
MD5 checksum:             34CF7F63073C225AD76150A4088E76AB

Filename:                 patchSG0001010.eoe1_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    12843 65 patchSG0001010.eoe1_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       42034 65 patchSG0001010.eoe1_sw
MD5 checksum:             82B8D375ECBF58A08286D393CE3980E7

Filename:                 patchSG0001010.eoe2_sw
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    01655 47 patchSG0001010.eoe2_sw
Algorithm #2 (sum):       19507 47 patchSG0001010.eoe2_sw
MD5 checksum:             1A5C5B5B84E0188A923C48419F716492

Filename:                 patchSG0001010.idb
Algorithm #1 (sum -r):    31514 2 patchSG0001010.idb
Algorithm #2 (sum):       46531 2 patchSG0001010.idb
MD5 checksum:             9540492FEB00D41281AAF90AC3F67FA9

SGI Security Information/Contacts:

For obtaining security information, patches or assistance, please
contact your SGI support provider.

If there are questions about this document, email can be sent to .

For reporting *NEW* SGI security issues, email can be sent to

Sony Corporation
- ----------------
Sony's NEWS-OS 6.x is not vulnerable.

Sun Microsystems, Inc.
- ---------------------

The CERT Coordination Center has not received a report from Sun Microsystems
regarding this vulnerability. However, we believe that SunOS 4.x and Solaris
2.X are not vulnerable. Please contact Sun directly for more accurate
information. Sun Microsystems OS platforms can be made to be vulnerable if a
Borman telnet version prior to that dated October 23, 1995, is installed on
these systems.


Appendix B: login-wrapper Workaround

The login-wrapper program shown below is meant to be executed just before
the distributed login program. The wrapper cleans specific variables from
the environment before invoking the distributed login program.

- ------------------------cut here--8<------------------------
 * This is a login wrapper that removes all instances of
 * various variables from the environment.
 * Note: this program must be compiled statically to be
 * effective against exploitation.
 * Author:      Lawrence R. Rogers
 * 10/25/95     version 1.1     Original version
 * 10/26/95     version 1.2     ELF_ variables removed (Linux)
 * 10/27/95     version 1.3     ELF_ changed to ELF_LD_
 *                              Added AOUT_LD_ (Linux)

#include        <stdio.h>

#if !defined(_PATH_LOGIN)
# define                _PATH_LOGIN     "/bin/login.real"

main (argc, argv, envp)
int argc;
char **argv, **envp;
        register char **p1, **p2;

        for (p1 = p2 = envp; *p1; p1++) {
                if (strncmp(*p1, "LD_", 3) != 0 &&
                    strncmp(*p1, "_RLD", 4) != 0 &&
                    strncmp(*p1, "LIBPATH=", 8) != 0 &&
                    strncmp(*p1, "ELF_LD_", 7) != 0 &&
                    strncmp(*p1, "AOUT_LD_", 8) != 0 &&
                    strncmp(*p1, "IFS=", 4) != 0 ) {
                            *p2++ = *p1;
        *p2 = 0;
        execve(_PATH_LOGIN, argv, envp);
- ------------------------cut here--8<------------------------

The following two examples show how to compile the login-wrapper for SGI's
IRIX 5.3 and FreeBSD 2.x systems. The examples move the distributed login
program to a new location and install the wrapper in the standard location.
When executed, the wrapper first cleanses the environment and then calls
the relocated, distributed login program.

Note 1: The wrapper must be compiled statically. On SGI's IRIX system,
compiling statically requires that the non-shared versions of libraries
be installed. Consult your system documentation to determine how to do

Note 2: You may need to change the _PATH_LOGIN variable to define where
the real login program resides on your system. On some systems, login
resides in /usr/bin/login.

Compiling for IRIX 5.3
- ----------------------
# uname -a
IRIX test 5.3 11091812 IP22 mips
# /bin/ls -l /usr/lib/iaf/scheme
- -rwsr-xr-x    1 root     sys        65832 Sep  9 14:24 /usr/lib/iaf/scheme
# /bin/cc -non_shared -O -D_PATH_LOGIN=\"/usr/lib/iaf/scheme.real\" \
        login-wrapper.c -o login-wrapper
# /bin/mv /usr/lib/iaf/scheme /usr/lib/iaf/scheme.real
# /bin/chmod 755 /usr/lib/iaf/scheme.real
# /bin/mv login-wrapper /usr/lib/iaf/scheme
# /bin/chmod 4755 /usr/lib/iaf/scheme
# /bin/chown root /usr/lib/iaf/scheme
# /bin/chgrp  sys /usr/lib/iaf/scheme
# /bin/ls -lL /usr/lib/iaf/scheme /usr/lib/iaf/scheme.real
- -rwxr-xr-x    1 root     sys        65832 Sep  9 14:24
- -rwsr-xr-x    1 root     sys       213568 Oct 30 08:42 /usr/lib/iaf/scheme

Compiling for FreeBSD 2.x
- -------------------------
# /bin/ls -lg /usr/bin/login
- -r-sr-xr-x  1 root  bin  20480 Jun 10 20:00 /usr/bin/login
# /usr/bin/cc -D_PATH_LOGIN=\"/usr/bin/login.real\" -static \
        -O login-wrapper.c -o login-wrapper
# /bin/mv /usr/bin/login /usr/bin/login.real
# /bin/chmod 555 /usr/bin/login.real
# /bin/mv login-wrapper /usr/bin/login
# /bin/chmod 4555 /usr/bin/login
# /usr/sbin/chown root.bin /usr/bin/login
# /bin/ls -lg /usr/bin/login /usr/bin/login.real
- -r-sr-xr-x  1 root  bin  24885 Oct 25 22:14 /usr/bin/login
- -r-xr-xr-x  1 root  bin  20480 Jun 10 20:00 /usr/bin/login.real

- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
The CERT Coordination Center staff thanks Eric Halil of AUSCERT, Wolfgang
Ley of DFNCERT, and Sam Hartman of the MIT Kerberos Development team for
their support in responding to this problem.
- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

If you believe that your system has been compromised, contact the CERT
Coordination Center or your representative in the Forum of Incident
Response and Security Teams (FIRST).

If you wish to send sensitive incident or vulnerability information to
CERT staff by electronic mail, we strongly advise that the email be
encrypted.  The CERT Coordination Center can support a shared DES key, PGP
(public key available via anonymous FTP on, or PEM (contact
CERT staff for details).

Internet email:
Telephone: +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
           CERT personnel answer 8:30 a.m.-5:00 p.m. EST(GMT-5)/EDT(GMT-4),
           and are on call for emergencies during other hours.
Fax: +1 412-268-6989

Postal address:  CERT Coordination Center
                 Software Engineering Institute
                 Carnegie Mellon University
                 Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890

CERT advisories and bulletins are posted on the USENET newsgroup If you would like to have future advisories and
bulletins mailed to you or to a mail exploder at your site, please send mail

Past CERT publications, information about FIRST representatives, and
other information related to computer security are available for anonymous 
FTP from 

Copyright 1995, 1996 Carnegie Mellon University
This material may be reproduced and distributed without permission provided it
is used for non-commercial purposes and the copyright statement is included.

CERT is a service mark of Carnegie Mellon University.

Revision history

Aug. 30, 1996  Information previously in the README was inserted
               into the advisory.
Mar. 22, 1996  Appendix A, SGI -  Modified information for Silicon Graphics.
Feb. 08, 1996  Appendix A, NEC -  Added patch information.
Nov. 08, 1995  Appendix A, IBM - Added an entry for IBM.
                          Linux - Added information about Slackware Linux.
                          NetBSD - Corrected compilation instructions.
                          SCO - Noted SCO is not vulnerable.
                          SGI - Updated information.
                          Sun - Added an entry.
Nov. 08, 1995  Appendix B - Replaced IRIX 5.3 section with new material.

Version: 2.6.2


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