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TUCoPS :: Unix :: General :: ca-9808.txt

CERT Advisory 98-08 Buffer Overflows in some POP Servers

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CERT* Advisory CA-98.08
Original issue date: July 14, 1998
Revised: August 24, 1998
         Added vendor information for Silicon Graphics Inc.

         A complete revision history is at the end of this file.

Topic: Buffer overflows in some POP servers

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The CERT Coordination Center has received reports of buffer overflows
in some Post Office Protocol (POP) servers. For a list of vulnerable
versions and platforms, please refer to Appendix A. For help in
determining which version you are currently running, see Section III.A

The CERT/CC team recommends that anyone running a vulnerable version of this
software upgrade to the current vendor-recommended version. Until you can do
so, we suggest disabling the POP server.

We will update this advisory as we receive additional information. Please
check our advisory files regularly for updates that relate to your site.

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I.  Description

The CERT Coordination Center has received reports of buffer overflow
vulnerabilities in some POP servers based on QUALCOMM's
qpopper. Qpopper is a Post Office Protocol (POP) server used for
downloading Internet e-mail.

Information about this vulnerability has been posted to various
mailing lists and newsgroups, and the CERT Coordination Center has
received reports of incidents in which this vulnerability has been
exploited to gain privileged access.

II. Impact

Remote users can gain privileged (root) access to systems running
vulnerable versions of POP servers.

III. Solution

     If you determine that your POP server is vulnerable (Sec. A),
     install a patch from your vendor. Until you can do so, we urge you to
     disable the POP server.

     A. Determine if your version of the POP server is vulnerable.

         To determine if a system is vulnerable, first telnet to port 110 on
         that host. If it is running a POP server, the banner will show the
         version. For example:

               % telnet 110
               Connected to mailhost
               +OK QPOP (version 2.4) at starting

         In the above example, the POP server is QUALCOMM's QPopper,
         version 2.4, which is known to be a vulnerable version.

         Check Appendix A to see if your vendor has identified other POP
         server versions that are vulnerable. If you do not see your vendor's
         name, please contact the vendor directly.

     B. Install a patch for this problem.

         Appendix A contains input from vendors who have provided information
         for this advisory.

     C. Workaround

         If you are unable to upgrade to a version that is not vulnerable,
         we urge you to disable the POP server until you are able to address
         the problem. (This will, of course, mean that the functionality
         provided by the POP server will not be available.)


Appendix A - Vendor Information

Below is a list of the vendors who have provided information for this
advisory. We will update this appendix as we receive additional information.
If you do not see your vendor's name, the CERT/CC did not hear from that
vendor. Please contact the vendor directly.

Data General
- ------------
Data General does not ship qpopper, or any other POP client or server.

Digital Equipment Corporation
- -----------------------------
Copyright 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997 Compaq Computer Corporation.  All rights

SOURCE: Compaq Computer Corporation
        Compaq's Digital UNIX / ULTRIX
        Software Security Response Team USA

    This reported problem is not present for the as shipped,
    Compaq's Digital ULTRIX or Compaq's Digital UNIX
    Operating Systems Software.

- -------
Fujitsu's UXP/V operating system does not support qpopper so we are not
affected by it.

- -------
OpenBSD does not ship qpopper.

QUALCOMM Incorporated
- ---------------------
Versions of QUALCOMM qpopper prior to 2.5 are vulnerable.
QUALCOMM recommends upgrading to the most recent version
(currently Version 2.52). Patches are available from

Further details, questions and comments should be sent to

Santa Cruz Operation, Inc.
- --------------------------
The following releases of SCO Operating Systems contain a version
of the Qualcomm popper that is vulnerable:

- - SCO OpenServer Releases 5.0.0, 5.0.2, 5.0.4
- - SCO Internet FastStart Releases 1.0, 1.1

The following SCO Operating Systems are not vulnerable,

- - SCO UnixWare 7
- - SCO UnixWare 2.1
- - SCO CMW+
- - SCO Open Desktop / Open Server 3.0, SCO UNIX 3.2v4

Binary versions of the patched popper will be available shortly
from the SCO ftp site: - cover letter - replacement binary

The fix includes binaries for the following SCO operating systems:

- - SCO OpenServer 5.0.0, 5.0.2, 5.0.4
- - SCO Internet FastStart Releases 1.0, 1.1

For the latest security bulletins and patches for SCO products,
please refer to .

Silicon Graphics Inc.
- ---------------------

Please refer to Silicon Graphics Inc. Security Advisory,
"BSD/Qualcomm qpopper Vulnerability," Number: 19980801-01-I,
distributed August 6, 1998 for additional information relating
to this vulnerability.

The primary SGI anonymous FTP site for security information and patches
is (  Security information and patches
are located under the directories ~ftp/security and ~ftp/patches,
respectively. The Silicon Graphics Security Headquarters Web page is
accessible at the URL

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The CERT Coordination Center thanks Travis Mikalson at TerraNovaNet,
Inc., for reporting the vulnerability, and Laurence Lundblade at
QUALCOMM Incorporated for providing technical details and support in the
development of the advisory. We also acknowledge other members of the
Internet community who posted about this problem.

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If you believe that your system has been compromised, contact the CERT
Coordination Center or your representative in the Forum of Incident Response
and Security Teams (see

CERT/CC Contact Information
- ----------------------------

Phone    +1 412-268-7090 (24-hour hotline)
                CERT personnel answer 8:30-5:00 p.m. EST(GMT-5) / EDT(GMT-4)
                and are on call for emergencies during other hours.

Fax      +1 412-268-6989

Postal address
         CERT Coordination Center
         Software Engineering Institute
         Carnegie Mellon University
         Pittsburgh PA 15213-3890

Using encryption
   We strongly urge you to encrypt sensitive information sent by email. We can
   support a shared DES key or PGP. Contact the CERT/CC for more information.
   Location of CERT PGP key

Getting security information
   CERT publications and other security information are available from

   CERT advisories and bulletins are also posted on the USENET newsgroup

   To be added to our mailing list for advisories and bulletins, send
   email to
   In the subject line, type
        SUBSCRIBE  your-email-address

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Copyright 1998 Carnegie Mellon University. Conditions for use, disclaimers,
and sponsorship information can be found in and .
If you do not have FTP or web access, send mail to with
"copyright" in the subject line.

*CERT is registered in the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

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This file:

Revision history

Aug. 24, 1998  Added vendor information for Silicon Graphics Inc.
July 22, 1998  Updated vendor information for Fujitsu and
               Santa Cruz Operation, Inc.
July 14, 1998  Added vendor information for Digital Equipment Corporation.

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