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TUCoPS :: Oracle :: ora5991.htm

Oracle TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ & TZ_OFFSET Remote System Buffer Overrun



17th Feb 2003 [SBWID-5991]
COMMAND

	Oracle TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ & TZ_OFFSET Remote System Buffer Overrun

SYSTEMS AFFECTED

	All platforms; Oracle9i Database Release 2, 9i  Release  1,  8i,  8.1.7,
	8.0.6

PROBLEM

	Thanks to Mark Litchfield [mark@ngssoftware.com] of NGSSoftware  Insight
	Security Research, advisories [#NISR16022003c] & [#NISR16022003b] :
	
	                ******1******
	
	Oracle's database server contains fuctions for use within  queries.  The
	TZ_OFFSET function returns the time zone  offset  corresponding  to  the
	value entered  based  on  the  date  the  statement  was  executed.  For
	example:
	
	SELECT TZ_OFFSET('US/Eastern') FROM DUAL;
	
	would return the time zone  offset  value  of  -04:00.  The  TZ_OFFSET()
	function contains a remotely exploitable buffer overflow vulnerability.
	
	
	 Details
	 *******
	
	There exists a remotely exploitable  buffer  overflow  vulnerability  in
	the TZ_OFFSET function. By supplying a long  character  string  for  the
	time zone name an attacker can overwrite a saved return address  on  the
	stack of Oracle process. Before this issue can be exploited an  attacker
	must be able to log on to the database server with a valid user  ID  and
	password, but as the  TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ()  function  can  be  executed  by
	PUBLIC by  default  any  user  of  the  system  can  gain  control.  Any
	arbitrary code supplied by an  attacker  would  execute  with  the  same
	privileges as the user running the service; this  account  is  typically
	"Oracle" on linux/unix based  platforms  and  Local  System  on  Windows
	based operating systems such as NT/2000/XP. As such this  allows  for  a
	complete compromise of the data stored in the database  and  possibly  a
	complete compromise of the operating system.
	
	                ******2******
	
	Oracle's database server contains fuctions for use within  queries.  The
	TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ function exists to convert a  string  into  a  timestamp
	with a time zone datatype. This function contains an exploitable  buffer
	overflow vulnerability.
	
	 Details
	 *******
	
	There is a remotely exploitable buffer  overflow  vulnerability  in  the
	TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ  function.  A  normal  statement  would  look  like  the
	following, converting a character string string to a value of  timestamp
	with time zone:
	
	SELECT TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ('2003-02-016 12:00:00 -8:00','YYYY-MM-DD HH:MI:SS
	TZH:TZM') FROM DUAL;
	
	By supplying a  long  character  string  for  the  second  parameter  an
	attacker can overwirte a saved return address on  the  stack  of  Oracle
	process. Before this issue can be exploited an attacker must be able  to
	log on to the database server with a valid user ID and password, but  as
	the TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ() function can be executed by PUBLIC by default  any
	user of the system can gain control. Any arbitrary code supplied  by  an
	attacker would execute with the same privileges as the user running  the
	service;  this  account  is  typically  "Oracle"  on  linux/unix   based
	platforms and Local System on Windows based operating  systems  such  as
	NT/2000/XP. As such this allows for a complete compromise  of  the  data
	stored in the  database  and  possibly  a  complete  compromise  of  the
	operating system.

SOLUTION

	                ******1******
	
	 Fix Information
	 ***************
	
	NGSSoftware alerted Oracle  to  this  vulnerability  on  30th  September
	2002. Oracle has developed a patch which is available from
	
	http://otn.oracle.com/deploy/security/pdf/2003alert50.pdf
	
	A check for these issues has been added to  NGSSQuirreL  for  Oracle,  a
	comprehensive  automated  vulnerability  assessment  tool   for   Oracle
	Database Servers  of  which  more  information  is  available  from  the
	NGSSite
	
	http://www.ngssoftware.com/software/squirrelfororacle.html
	
	                ******2******
	
	 Fix Information
	 ***************
	
	NGSSoftware alerted Oracle to this vulnerability on 30th September  2002
	and Oracle has produced a patch which is available from
	
	http://otn.oracle.com/deploy/security/pdf/2003alert50.pdf
	
	A check for these issues has been added to  NGSSQuirreL  for  Oracle,  a
	comprehensive  automated  vulnerability  assessment  tool   for   Oracle
	Database Servers  of  which  more  information  is  available  from  the
	NGSSite
	
	http://www.ngssoftware.com/software/squirrelfororacle.html
	
	
	 Further Information
	 *******************
	
	For further information about the scope and effects of buffer overflows,
	please see
	
	http://www.ngssoftware.com/papers/non-stack-bo-windows.pdf
	http://www.ngssoftware.com/papers/ntbufferoverflow.html
	http://www.ngssoftware.com/papers/bufferoverflowpaper.rtf
	http://www.ngssoftware.com/papers/unicodebo.pdf
	
	 About NGSSoftware
	 *****************
	
	NGSSoftware design, research and develop intelligent, advanced application
	security assessment scanners. Based in the United Kingdom, NGSSoftware have
	offices in the South of London and the East Coast of Scotland. NGSSoftware's
	sister company NGSConsulting, offers best of breed security consulting
	services, specialising in application, host and network security
	assessments.
	
	http://www.ngssoftware.com/
	http://www.ngsconsulting.com/
	
	Telephone +44 208 401 0070
	Fax +44 208 401 0076
	
	enquiries@ngssoftware.com
	


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