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TUCoPS :: Linux :: Discontinued :: lipart1.txt

Linux Info, Part 1. The Basics.




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Linux Info: Part 1 The Basics
By: dr0z
Fusion
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This is a text written for newbies to linux, later there will be more parts to the series
this is part 1, come back to the place where you got this text, or email me at: konnect@kih.net
to recieve the newest parts to this text.


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Part 1- What is linux? 

Linux is a multi-user, multi-tasking operating system. It is mostly good for networks but is also good to learn to hack on. This should be one of the first thing you get
when you begin your hacking experience. Before I tell you how to obtain linux, and some of the basic stuff, I want to tell you a little more about it. 

Linux was designed by Linus Torvalds. He originally created it for his own personal use, but it became more than what he expected. He is one of the best
programmers in the world, if not the best. He was a DOS, and windows user himself, but he was getting tired of hoping the piece of shit wouldn't crash. He couldn't
depend on windows, because the pesky bugs would bring down the system when u least expect it. 

Linux is based on UNIX(A very expensive operating system) which many people didn't have the money to pay for, but they like the way it worked. UNIX was used
more by companies and not for home computer systems. This is because big companies can throw away thousands of dollars for UNIX, but cheap bitches like us
can't. So Linus made Linux a variation of UNIX. There are many different distributions of linux, each with its own traits. Here are a few of them: Red Hat Linux,
Slackware, S.u.S.E., Debian, Caldera OpenLinux, Turbo Linux. 

When you first install linux, you may want to give up easily on the installation process. Once you have done it, it will come naturally to you the next time you install it.
Once you have it installed, you may be like " Well this is just a DOS prompt! ". And you won't see what everyone is talking about. But once you have used it for a
while you will begin to see the beauty of Linux. One of the things I like about it is the multi-tasking part, where you can hit Alt + F1-F6 and login and do some more
things and then switch back to a different process. Sometime when I am using windows, I find myself punching those key, but ofcourse nothing happens. I find it kind
of funny actually. Anywayz... If you buy linux from your local computer store(I highly suggest this) you should get the X-Windows system with it, for all you windows
lovers this will look almost identical to Windows 95. X-win has its problems as does Windows 95, but these problems are kept to a minimal since linux and most of
its programs are distributed with source so you can fix bugs that you find. 

Part 2- Where do I get Linux? 

First off, Linux can be free or it can cost a bit of money. This depends on what you want. Usually if you buy it from a computer store, you will get the manuals for
that specific distribution. If you choose to download it from the internet, than I hope you know what packages(programs) you want with it, since you have to
download each seperatly. I am not going to talk much about downloading linux due to the fact you can get info on it from: ftp.cdrom.com, ftp.redhat.com,
ftp.sunsite.unc.edu, and a few more. Also there are some people that are willing to give away thier old linux CD's, If your lucky they may even send you the books.
Thats about all I am going to say about getting linux, since it is so easy. 

Part 3- Some Basic Commands 

Alot of the commands used in linux are complicated, but once you use them a few times you will know them like the back of your hand. Here are a few basic
commands to get you started: 

cd (dir name)- change directories 
ls- list files in current directory 
dir- same as above 
cp- copy 
rm- delete, remove 
mv- move a file 
mkdir- make a directory 
rmdir- delete a directory(directory must be empty) 
adduser- add a new user(must be root to execute command) 
passwd- change the password of the current user 
mount /dev/(file system) (mount point)- mount a file system, such as your dos or windows file system 
tar- used to compress/decompress .tar archives 
gzip- another compression/decompression tool 
vi- text editor 
emacs- another texts editor 
echo- echo text to the screen(you can do some more complex things with this command also 
chmod- sets file permissions for files and directories 
cat (file name)- print contents of a file to the screen 
who- show current users logged into your system 
su (username)- change users without logging out 
kill (pid #)- kill a process(you can get the pid of a process by typing "top") 
logout- Used to logout 
shutdown- used to shutdown the system(many different shutdowns can be chosen from) 
telnet- used to telnet to a computer 
ftp- used to ftp to a computer 
netstat- used to view all connections in process 
startx- If you have X-Windows installed you can type this to start it up 
find- used to find a file on the computer 

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thats it.......Part 2 comming soon...

Shoutouts to: ResiD, Strife, l0rds, Bigg_dawg, kan, XeXeN, PhrznCorpz, and anyone else I may have forgot.

						Fusion In Da HOUSE!


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