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TUCoPS :: Linux :: General :: bx1837.htm

Linux kernel vmsplice unchecked user-pointer dereference



CSA-L03: Linux kernel vmsplice unchecked user-pointer dereference
CSA-L03: Linux kernel vmsplice unchecked user-pointer dereference



===[ ABSTRACT ]========================================================
A new vmsplice() system call was introduced in the 2.6.17 release of the
Linux kernel. In the 2.6.23 kernel the system call functionality has
been further extended resulting in two new critical vulnerabilities.


===[ AFFECTED SOFTWARE ]===============================================
Linux 2.6.23 - 2.6.24

For the exact kernel version please refer to an information provided by
your vendor.


===[ DESCRIPTION ]=====================================================
VULNERABILITY #1

Inappropriate dereference of user-supplied memory pointers in the
code beginning at line 1378 in the vmsplice_to_user() kernel
function (fs/splice.c):

---8<--- fs/splice.c:1378 ---8<---
	error = get_user(base, &iov->iov_base);
	/* ... */
	if (unlikely(!base)) {
		error = -EFAULT;
		break;
	}
	/* ... */
	sd.u.userptr = base;
	/* ... */
	size = __splice_from_pipe(pipe, &sd, pipe_to_user);
---8<--- fs/splice.c:1401 ---8<---

The code lacks validation of these pointers (i.e. with access_ok()).
The __splice_from_pipe() assumes these are valid user-memory pointers
and never makes any verification of them. The function dereferences the
pointers with __copy_to_user_inatomic() function (in pipe_to_user()) in
order to write data to user-process memory in this case leading to
possibility of arbitrary data (read from pipe) to arbitrary kernel
memory.


VULNERABILITY #2

The copy_from_user_mmap_sem() function copies data from user-process
memory with the use of __copy_from_user_inatomic() without validating
user-supplied pointer with access_ok():

---8<--- fs/splice.c:1188 ---8<---
         partial = __copy_from_user_inatomic(dst, src, n);
---8<--- fs/splice.c:1188 ---8<---

This vulnerability leads to indirect reading of arbitrary kernel memory.


===[ IMPACT ]==========================================================
Vulnerabilities may lead to local system compromise including execution
of arbitrary machine code in the context of running kernel.

Vulnerability #1 has been successfully exploited on Linux 2.6.24.
Vulnerability #2 not tested.


===[ DISCLOSURE TIMELINE ]=============================================
1st Feb 2008	Vendor notification
8th Feb 2008	Public disclosure


===[ AUTHOR ]==========================================================
Wojciech Purczynski  

Wojciech Purczynski is a Security Researcher at Vulnerability Research
Labs, COSEINC PTE Ltd.
http://coseinc.com 

Wojciech Purczynski is also a member of iSEC Security Research
http://isec.pl/ 


===[ LEGAL DISCLAIMER ]================================================
Copyright (c) 2008 Wojciech Purczynski
Copyright (c) 2008 COSEINC PTE Ltd.

All Rights Reserved.

PUBLISHING, DISTRIBUTING, PRINTING, COPYING, SCANNING, DUPLICATING IN
ANY FORM, MODIFYING WITHOUT PRIOR WRITTEN PERMISSION IS STRICTLY
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THE DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND. THE
CONTENT MAY CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE
LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INJURIES,
LOSSES OR UNLAWFUL OFFENCES.

USE AT YOUR OWN RISK.



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