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TUCoPS :: Cisco :: cisc5219.htm

Cisco CallManager - memory leak in the CTI Framework authentication leading to DoS.



2nd Apr 2002 [SBWID-5219]
COMMAND

	memory leak in the CTI Framework authentication leading to DoS.

SYSTEMS AFFECTED

	Cisco CallManager 3.1

PROBLEM

	In                Cisco                Security                 Advisory
	[http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/callmanager-ctifw-leak-pub.shtml]:
	

	 Summary

	 =======

	

	The  Cisco  CallManager,  running  certain  software  releases,  has   a
	vulnerability wherein a memory leak in the CTI Framework  authentication
	can  cause  the  server  to  crash  and  result  in   a   reload.   This
	vulnerability can be exploited to initiate a  denial  of  service  (DoS)
	attack.
	

	This vulnerability is documented as Cisco bug ID CSCdv28302.  There  are
	workarounds available to mitigate the vulnerability.
	

	This advisory is available at
	

	http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/callmanager-ctifw-leak-pub.shtml

	

	

	

	 Affected Products

	 =================

	

	To determine if a product is vulnerable, review the list below.  If  the
	software versions or configuration information are provided,  then  only
	those combinations are vulnerable.
	

	  * Cisco CallManager 3.1

	

	No other Cisco product is known to be affected by this vulnerability.
	

	 Details

	 =======

	

	A memory leak in the  Cisco  CallManager  has  been  attributed  to  the
	failure of a user to properly authenticate  when  using  Call  Telephony
	Integration (CTI). This behavior is most commonly  seen  on  CallManager
	systems immediately following the integration with a customer  directory
	such as Active Directory (AD) or Netscape.  The  most  common  cause  in
	this scenario is that the WebAttendant user, CTI Framework (CTIFW),  has
	not been configured with a valid password  in  the  customer  directory.
	Please note that this problem will occur even on  systems  that  do  not
	utilize  the  WebAttendant  since  the  Telephony  Call  Dispatch  (TCD)
	service is always enabled by  default.  The  CCMAdmin->Global  Directory
	and \"Add a New User\" configuration pages stop working  if  CTIFW  user
	is not configured or the CTI  user\'s  password  is  incorrect.  Various
	other components such as RIS Data Collector may also  fail  to  function
	properly.
	

	

	 Bug ID

	 ======

	

	This vulnerability is documented as Cisco Bug ID CSCdv28302.
	

	

	 Problem Symptoms

	 ================

	

	There are several indicators available in determining  if  this  problem
	is at the root.
	

	

	                  LDAP Leak Detection                  

	+-----------------------------------------------------+

	| Tool  |                   Message                   |

	|-------+---------------------------------------------|

	|       |Error: kCtiProviderOpenFailure - CTI         |

	|       |application failed to open provider          |

	|       |CTIconnectionId: 485                         |

	|       |Login User Id: CtiFw                         |

	|       |ReasonCode: 2362179680                       |

	|       |IPAddress: 172.21.12.44                      |

	|       |App ID: Cisco CTIManager                     |

	|       |Cluster ID: JMTAO-CM2-Cluster                |

	|Event  |Node ID: JMTAO-CM2                           |

	|Viewer |CTI Application ID: Cisco Telephony Call     |

	|       |Dispatcher                                   |

	|       |Process ID: 0                                |

	|       |Process Name: CtiHandler                     |

	|       |Provider Name: CTI Framework                 |

	|       |Explanation: Application is unable to open   |

	|       |provider.                                    |

	|       |Recommended Action: Check the reason code and|

	|       |correct the problem. Restart                 |

	|       |CTIManager if problem persists..             |

	|-------+---------------------------------------------|

	|       |From the Task Manager select the Processes   |

	|       |tab, click View and then Select Columns...   |

	|Task   |Check Handle Count and click OK.             |

	|Manager|Click on the Handles column to sort by       |

	|       |handles used.                                |

	|       |You will observe that the CTIManager.exe is  |

	|       |consuming a large number of handles (> 500). |

	|-------+---------------------------------------------|

	|       |Another diagnostic tool is to run \"netstat   |

	|       |-na\" from a DOS command prompt on the CM     |

	|DOS    |server. A very large number of established   |

	|netstat|connections to TCP port 389 if CallManager is|

	|       |integrated with AD or port 8404 when         |

	|       |CallManager is integrated with DCD.          |

	+-----------------------------------------------------+

	

	

	 Impact

	 ======

	

	The vulnerabilities can be exploited to  produce  a  Denial  of  Service
	(DoS) attack. When the vulnerabilities are exploited, they can cause  an
	affected Cisco product to crash and reload.
	

	

	 Software Versions and Fixes

	 ===========================

	

	

	+-----------------------------------------------------+

	|Version       |Fixed Regular Release (available now) |

	|Affected      |Fix carries forward into all later    |

	|              |versions                              |

	|--------------+--------------------------------------|

	|Version 3.1   |Upgrade to 3.1(2)                     |

	+-----------------------------------------------------+

	

	

	 Obtaining Fixed Software

	 ========================

	

	Cisco is offering free software upgrades to address  this  vulnerability
	for all affected  customers.  Customers  may  only  install  and  expect
	support for the feature sets they have purchased.
	

	Customers with service contracts should  contact  their  regular  update
	channels to obtain any software  release  containing  the  feature  sets
	they have purchased. For most customers  with  service  contracts,  this
	means that upgrades should be obtained through the  Software  Center  on
	Cisco\'s Worldwide Web site at http://www.cisco.com.
	

	Customers whose Cisco products are  provided  or  maintained  through  a
	prior or existing agreement with third-party support organizations  such
	as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers,  or  service  providers  should
	contact that support organization  for  assistance  with  obtaining  the
	free software upgrade (s).
	

	Customers who purchased directly from Cisco but who do not hold a  Cisco
	service  contract,  and  customers  who  purchase  through  third  party
	vendors but are unsuccessful at obtaining fixed software  through  their
	point of sale, should obtain fixed  software  by  contacting  the  Cisco
	Technical Assistance Center (TAC) using the contact  information  listed
	below. In these cases, customers are entitled to obtain an upgrade to  a
	later version of the same release or as indicated by the applicable  row
	in the Software Versions and Fixes table (noted above).
	

	

	 Cisco TAC contacts are as follows:

	 ==================================

	

	  * +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)

	  * +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)

	  * e-mail: tac@cisco.com

	

	See   http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml    for
	additional  TAC  contact  information,   including   special   localized
	telephone numbers and instructions  and  e-mail  addresses  for  use  in
	various languages.
	

	Please have your product serial number available and  give  the  URL  of
	this notice as evidence of your entitlement to a free upgrade.
	

	Please    do    not    contact     either     \"psirt@cisco.com\"     or
	\"security-alert@cisco.com\" for software upgrades.

SOLUTION

	

	 Workarounds

	 ============

	

	Configure the ctifw user by following the instructions at:
	

	http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/product/voice/c_callmg/3_0/install/ad_3011.htm#xtocid30717

	

	

	

	+-----------------------------------------------------+

	|Step|                     Action                     |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|    |Set the password for the user in the corporate  |

	|1   |directory using your standard user management   |

	|    |tools.                                          |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|    |On a Cisco CallManager server, choose Start >   |

	|2   |Run and enter command to open a command prompt. |

	|    |Click OK.                                       |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|3   |Enter the command, PasswordUtils; for example,  |

	|    |\"passwordUtils my_passphrase\"                   |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|    |The previous action generates an encrypted      |

	|4   |password. Copy the password into the Windows    |

	|    |clipboard.                                      |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|5   |Choose Start > Run.                             |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|6   |Enter regedit into the Open field and then click|

	|    |OK.                                             |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|    |Browse to \\\\HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\\Software\\Cisco   |

	|7   |Systems, Inc.\\Directory Configuration within the|

	|    |registry.                                       |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|8   |Delete the value CTIFWPW and paste the encrypted|

	|    |password from Step 3 into the field.            |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|    |Restart the Cisco Telephony Call Dispatcher     |

	|    |service by choosing Start > Programs >          |

	|9   |Administrative Tools > Services. Highlight the  |

	|    |service in the list; right click on the service |

	|    |and then click Restart from the drop-down list. |

	|----+------------------------------------------------|

	|10  |Repeat Step 2 through Step 9 for each Cisco     |

	|    |CallManager server in the cluster.              |

	+-----------------------------------------------------+

	

	

	IMPORTANT: Please note that you must reboot the CM server in  all  cases
	to reset the established TCP connections and recover the lost memory.
	

	Alternatively, if you are not using the Cisco  WebAttendant  and/or  the
	Cisco Telephony  Call  Dispatcher  Service,  set  it  to  \"manual\"  or
	\"disabled\" from the \"Services\" control panel.
	

	 Exploitation and Public Announcements

	 =====================================

	

	The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public  announcements  or  malicious
	use of the vulnerabilities described in this advisory.
	

	

	 Status of This Notice: Interim

	 ==============================

	

	This  is  a  Interim  advisory.  Although  Cisco  cannot  guarantee  the
	accuracy of all statements in this notice, all of the  facts  have  been
	checked to the best of our ability. Cisco does  not  anticipate  issuing
	updated versions of this advisory unless there is some  material  change
	in the facts. Should here be a significant change in  the  facts,  Cisco
	may update this advisory.
	

	 Distribution

	 ============

	

	This  notice  will  be  posted  on  Cisco\'s  Worldwide  Web   site   at
	http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/callmanager-ctifw-leak-pub.shtml.
	In addition to Worldwide Web posting, a text version of this  notice  is
	clear-signed with  the  Cisco  PSIRT  PGP  key  and  is  posted  to  the
	following e-mail and Usenet news recipients:
	

	  * cust-security-announce@cisco.com

	  * bugtraq@securityfocus.com

	  * first-teams@first.org (includes CERT/CC)

	  * cisco@spot.colorado.edu

	  * comp.dcom.sys.cisco

	  * firewalls@lists.gnac.com

	  * Various internal Cisco mailing lists

	

	Future updates of this notice,  if  any,  will  be  placed  on  Cisco\'s
	Worldwide Web server, but may  or  may  not  be  actively  announced  on
	mailing lists or newsgroups. Users  concerned  about  this  problem  are
	encouraged to check the URL given above for any updates.
	

	

	 Revision History

	 ================

	

	

	+------------------------------------------------------+

	|Revision|2002-Mar-27|Initial Public Release           |

	|Number  |17:00 GMT  |                                 |

	|1.0     |           |                                 |

	+------------------------------------------------------+

	

	

	

	 Cisco Security Procedures

	 =========================

	

	Complete information on  reporting  security  vulnerabilities  in  Cisco
	products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and  registering
	to receive security information from Cisco,  is  available  on  Cisco\'s
	Worldwide                  Web                  site                  at
	http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/sec_incident_response.shtml.   This
	includes instructions  for  press  inquiries  regarding  Cisco  security
	notices.   All   Cisco   Security   Advisories    are    available    at
	http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt.
	

	-
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	This notice is Copyright 2002 by Cisco Systems, Inc. This notice may  be
	redistributed freely after the release date given  at  the  top  of  the
	text, provided that redistributed copies are  complete  and  unmodified,
	and include all date and version information.
	

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