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Cisco Unified Communications Manager CTL Provider Heap Overflow



Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Unified Communications Manager CTL Provider Heap Overflow
Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Unified Communications Manager CTL Provider Heap Overflow



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Cisco Security Advisory: Cisco Unified Communications Manager CTL
Provider Heap Overflow

Document ID: 100345

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20080116-cucmctl

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20080116-cucmctl.shtml 

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2008 January 16 1600 UTC (GMT)

- ---------------------------------------------------------------------

Summary
======
Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CUCM), formerly CallManager,
contains a heap overflow vulnerability in the Certificate Trust List
(CTL) Provider service that could allow a remote, unauthenticated
user to cause a denial of service (DoS) condition or execute
arbitrary code. There is a workaround for this vulnerability.

Cisco has made free software available to address these
vulnerabilities for affected customers.

Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) identifier CVE-2008-0027
has been assigned to this vulnerability.

This advisory is posted at 
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20080116-cucmctl.shtml. 

Affected Products
================
Note: Cisco Unified CallManager Versions 4.2, 4.3, 5.1 and 6.0 have
been renamed as Cisco Unified Communications Manager. CUCM Versions
3.3, 4.0, 4.1 and 5.0 retain the Cisco Unified CallManager name.

Vulnerable Products
+------------------

These products are vulnerable:

  * Cisco Unified CallManager 4.0
  * Cisco Unified CallManager 4.1 Versions prior to 4.1(3)SR5c
  * Cisco Unified Communications Manager 4.2 Versions prior to 4.2(3)
    SR3
  * Cisco Unified Communications Manager 4.3 Versions prior to 4.3(1)
    SR1

The version of software running on a CUCM 4.x system can be
determined by navigating to Help > About Cisco Unified CallManager
and selecting the Details button via the CUCM Administration
interface.

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable
+--------------------------------

CUCM Versions 3.3, 5.0, 5.1, 6.0, 6.1 and Cisco CallManager Express
are not affected by this vulnerability. No other Cisco products are
currently known to be affected by this vulnerability.

Details
======
Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CUCM) is the call processing
component of the Cisco IP telephony solution that extends enterprise
telephony features and functions to packet telephony network devices,
such as IP phones, media processing devices, voice-over-IP (VoIP)
gateways, and multimedia applications.

When a CUCM server is deployed in secure mode, a Certificate Trust
List (CTL) is used by Cisco Unified IP Phone devices to verify the
identity of CUCM servers. The CTL contains public keys and other
information to allow the Cisco IP Phone devices to establish a
trusted relationship with a CUCM server. The CTL is provisioned using
the CTL Provider service on a CUCM server and with the CTL Provider
client on an administrator workstation. The CTL Provider service
needs to be enabled during the initial configuration of a CUCM server
/cluster or when changes are required to the CTL. Please consult the
Workarounds section of this advisory for information on how to
determine if the CTL Provider service is enabled on a CUCM server.

The CTL Provider service of the CUCM contains a heap overflow
vulnerability that could allow a remote, unauthenticated user to
cause a DoS condition or execute arbitrary code. The CTL Provider
service listens on TCP port 2444 by default, but the port can be
modified by the user. This issue is documented in Cisco Bug ID
CSCsj22605.

Vulnerability Scoring Details
============================
Cisco has provided scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory
based on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS
scoring in this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS
Version 2.0.

CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability
severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.

Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can then
compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of
the vulnerability in individual networks.

Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding
CVSS at

http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/intelligence/cvss-qandas.html 

Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the
environmental impact for individual networks at

http://intellishield.cisco.com/security/alertmanager/cvss 

CSCsj22605 - CUCM CTL Provider Heap Overflow Vulnerability

CVSS Base Score - 10 

    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Low
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   Complete
    Integrity Impact -         Complete
    Availability Impact -      Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 8.3 

    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed

Impact
=====
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may result in a DoS
condition or the execution of arbitrary code.

Software Versions and Fixes
==========================
When considering software upgrades, also consult 
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and any subsequent advisories to 
determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the
devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current
hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported
properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact
the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) or your contracted
maintenance provider for assistance.

Workarounds
==========
It is possible to workaround the vulnerability by disabling the CTL
Provider service when not in use. Access to the CTL Provider service
is required for the initial configuration of the CUCM authentication
and encryption features, or during configuration updates. For the
CUCM 4.x systems, please consult the following documentation for
details on how to disable the CUCM services:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/voicesw/ps556/products_administration_guide_chapter09186a008070ec49.html 

Filtering traffic to the affected CUCM systems on screening devices
can be used as a mitigation technique for this vulnerability. To
mitigate the CTL Producer service overflow, access to TCP port 2444
should be permitted only between the CUCM servers and administrator
workstations running the CTL Provider client. There is currently no
supported method to configure filtering directly on a CUCM system.

It is possible to change the default ports of the CTL Provider (TCP
port 2444) service. If changed, filtering should be based on the port
value used. The value of the port can be viewed in CUCM
Administration interface by following the System > Service Parameters
menu and selecting the CTL Provider service.

Filters blocking access to TCP port 2444 should be deployed at the
network edge as part of a transit access control list (tACL). Further
information about transit access control lists is available in the
white paper "Transit Access Control Lists: Filtering at Your Edge,"
which is available at the following link:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk648/tk361/technologies_white_paper09186a00801afc76.shtml 

Additional mitigations that can be deployed on Cisco devices within
the network are available in the Cisco Applied Mitigation Bulletin
companion document for this advisory:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-amb-20080116-cucmctl.shtml 

Obtaining Fixed Software
=======================
Cisco has released free software updates that address these
vulnerabilities. Prior to deploying software, customers should
consult their maintenance provider or check the software for feature
set compatibility and known issues specific to their environment.

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature sets
they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing or
otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be bound
by the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at 
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/prod_warranties_item09186a008088e31f.html 
or as otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at 
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml 

Do not contact psirt@cisco.com or security-alert@cisco.com for 
software upgrades.

Fixed software for CUCM can be obtained here:

+-------------------------------------------------+
|  CUCM   |  Fixed  | Recommended |   Download    |
| Version | Release |   Release   |   Location    |
|---------+---------+-------------+---------------|
|         |         | Upgrade to  |               |
| CUCM    |         | a fixed     |               |
| 4.0     | N/A     | Version of  | N/A           |
|         |         | CUCM 4.1 or |               |
|         |         | later       |               |
|---------+---------+-------------+---------------|
|         |         |             | http://       |
| | CUCM | CUCM 4.1(3) | www.cisco.com | 
| CUCM    | 4.1(3)  | SR6 or      | /pcgi-bin/    |
| 4.1     | SR5c    | later       | tablebuild.pl |
|         |         |             | /callmgr-41?  |
|         |         |             | psrtdcat20e2  |
|---------+---------+-------------+---------------|
|         |         |             | http://       |
| | CUCM | CUCM 4.2(3) | www.cisco.com | 
| CUCM    | 4.2(3)  | SR3 or      | /pcgi-bin/    |
| 4.2     | SR3     | later       | tablebuild.pl |
|         |         |             | /callmgr-42?  |
|         |         |             | psrtdcat20e2  |
|---------+---------+-------------+---------------|
|         |         |             | http://       |
| | CUCM | CUCM 4.3(1) | www.cisco.com | 
| CUCM    | 4.3(1)  | SR1a or     | /pcgi-bin/    |
| 4.3     | SR1     | later       | tablebuild.pl |
|         |         |             | /callmgr-43?  |
|         |         |             | psrtdcat20e2  |
+-------------------------------------------------+

Customers with Service Contracts
+-------------------------------

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through
their regular update channels. For most customers, this means that
upgrades should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's
worldwide website at http://www.cisco.com. 

Customers using Third Party Support Organizations
+------------------------------------------------

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through
prior or existing agreements with third-party support organizations,
such as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers
should contact that support organization for guidance and assistance
with the appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific
customer situations, such as product mix, network topology, traffic
behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected
products and releases, customers should consult with their service
provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or
fix is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it
is deployed.

Customers without Service Contracts
+----------------------------------

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but do not hold a Cisco
service contract, and customers who purchase through third-party
vendors but are unsuccessful in obtaining fixed software through
their point of sale should acquire upgrades by contacting the Cisco
Technical Assistance Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.

  * +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
  * +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
* e-mail: tac@cisco.com 

Customers should have their product serial number available and be
prepared to give the URL of this notice as evidence of entitlement to
a free upgrade. Free upgrades for non-contract customers must be
requested through the TAC.

Refer to http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/687/Directory/DirTAC.shtml 
for additional TAC contact information, including localized telephone
numbers, and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various
languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements
====================================
The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public announcements or malicious
use of the vulnerability described in this advisory.

This vulnerability was reported to Cisco by TippingPoint. Cisco would
like to thank TippingPoint for reporting this vulnerability and
working with us towards resolution of this problem.

Status of This Notice: FINAL
===========================
THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY
KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE
INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS
AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS
DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that
omits the distribution URL in the following section is an
uncontrolled copy, and may lack important information or contain
factual errors.

Distribution
===========
This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at :

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20080116-cucmctl.shtml. 

In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice
is clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the
following e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

* cust-security-announce@cisco.com 
* first-teams@first.org 
* bugtraq@securityfocus.com 
* vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org 
* cisco@spot.colorado.edu 
* cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net 
* full-disclosure@lists.grok.org.uk 
* comp.dcom.sys.cisco@newsgate.cisco.com 

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on
mailing lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are
encouraged to check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History
===============
+---------------------------------------+
| Revision |                 | Initial  |
| 1.0      | 2008-January-16 | public   |
|          |                 | release. |
+---------------------------------------+

Cisco Security Procedures
========================
Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities in Cisco
products, obtaining assistance with security incidents, and
registering to receive security information from Cisco, is available
on Cisco's worldwide website at 
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.html. 
This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding Cisco 
security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at 
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt. 
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