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Multiple Vulnerabilities in Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances



Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances
Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances



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Cisco Security Advisory: Multiple Vulnerabilities in Cisco ASA 5500
Series Adaptive Security Appliances

Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20100217-asa

Revision 1.0

For Public Release 2010 February 17 1600 UTC (GMT)

+---------------------------------------------------------------------

Summary
======
Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by the
following vulnerabilities:

  * TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
  * Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Inspection Denial of Service
    Vulnerabilities
  * Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) Inspection Denial of
    Service Vulnerability
  * WebVPN Datagram Transport Layer Security (DTLS) Denial of Service
    Vulnerability
  * Crafted TCP Segment Denial of Service Vulnerability
  * Crafted Internet Key Exchange (IKE) Message Denial of Service
    Vulnerability
  * NT LAN Manager version 1 (NTLMv1) Authentication Bypass
    Vulnerability

These vulnerabilities are not interdependent; a release that is affected
by one vulnerability is not necessarily affected by the others.

There are workarounds for some of the vulnerabilities disclosed in this
advisory.

Cisco has released free software updates that address these
vulnerabilities.

This advisory is posted at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20100217-asa.shtml. 

Affected Products
================
Vulnerable Products
+------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by
multiple vulnerabilities. Affected versions of Cisco ASA Software
vary depending on the specific vulnerability. For specific version
information, refer to the "Software Versions and Fixes" section of this
advisory.

TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances may experience a TCP
connection exhaustion condition (no new TCP connections are accepted)
that can be triggered through the receipt of specific TCP segments
during the TCP connection termination phase. Appliances that are running
versions 7.1.x, 7.2.x, 8.0.x, 8.1.x, and 8.2.x are affected when they
are configured for any of the following features:

  * SSL VPNs
  * Cisco Adaptive Security Device Manager (ASDM) Administrative
    Access
  * Telnet Access
  * SSH Access
  * Virtual Telnet
  * Virtual HTTP
  * Transport Layer Security (TLS) Proxy for Encrypted Voice
    Inspection

SIP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerabilities
+-----------------------------------------------

Two denial of service (DoS) vulnerabilities affect the SIP inspection
feature of Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances. Versions
7.0.x, 7.1.x, 7.2.x, 8.0.x, 8.1.x, and 8.2.x are affected. SIP
inspection is enabled by default.

To check if SIP inspection is enabled, issue the "show service-policy |
include sip" command and confirm that some output is returned. Sample
output is displayed in the following example:

    ciscoasa#show service-policy | include sip
          Inspect: sip , packet 0, drop 0, reset-drop 0

Alternatively, an appliance that has SIP inspection enabled has a
configuration similar to the following:

    class-map inspection_default
     match default-inspection-traffic
    !
    policy-map global_policy
     class inspection_default
      ...
      inspect sip
      ...
    !
    service-policy global_policy global

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability
+----------------------------------------------

A denial of service vulnerability affects the SCCP inspection feature of
the Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances. Versions 8.0.x,
8.1.x, and 8.2.x are affected. SCCP inspection is enabled by default.

To check if SCCP inspection is enabled, issue the "show service-policy |
include skinny" command and confirm that some output is returned. Sample
output is displayed in the following example:

    ciscoasa#show service-policy | include skinny
          Inspect: skinny , packet 0, drop 0, reset-drop 0

Alternatively, an appliance that has SCCP inspection enabled has a
configuration similar to the following:

    class-map inspection_default
     match default-inspection-traffic
    !
    policy-map global_policy
     class inspection_default
      ...
      inspect skinny
      ...
    !
    service-policy global_policy global

WebVPN DTLS Denial of Service Vulnerability
+------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by a
denial of service vulnerability that exists when WebVPN and DTLS are
enabled. Affected versions include 7.1.x, 7.2.x, 8.0.x, 8.1.x, and
8.2.x. Administrators can enable WebVPN with the "enable " command in "webvpn" configuration mode. DTLS can be enabled
by issuing the "svc dtls enable" command in "group policy webvpn"
configuration mode. The following configuration snippet provides an
example of a WebVPN configuration that enables DTLS:

    webvpn
     enable outside
     svc enable
     ...
    !
    group-policy  internal
    group-policy  attributes
     ...
     webvpn
      svc dtls enable
      ...

Altough WebVPN is disabled by default, DTLS is enabled by default in
recent software releases.

Crafted TCP Segment Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by a
denial of service vulnerability that can be triggered by a malformed TCP
segment that transits the appliance. This vulnerability only affects
configurations that use the "nailed" option at the end of their static
statement. Additionally, traffic that matches "static" statement must
also be inspected by a Cisco AIP-SSM (an Intrusion Prevention System
(IPS) module) in inline mode. IPS inline operation mode is enabled by
using the "ips inline {fail-close | fail-open}" command in "class"
configuration mode. Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances
that are running software versions 7.0.x, 7.1.x, 7.2.x, 8.0.x, 8.1.x,
and 8.2.x are affected.

Crafted IKE Message Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

A crafted IKE message that is sent through an IPsec tunnel that
terminates on a Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance
could cause all IPsec tunnels that terminate on the same device to be
torn down. Versions 7.0.x, 7.1.x, 7.2.x, 8.0.x, 8.1.x, and 8.2.x are
affected. IKE is not enabled by default. If IKE is enabled, the "isakmp
enable " command appears in the configuration.

NTLMv1 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
+-----------------------------------------

An authentication bypass vulnerability affects Cisco ASA 5500 Series
Adaptive Security Appliances when NTLMv1 authentication is configured.
Versions 7.0.x, 7.1.x, 7.2.x, 8.0.x, 8.1.x, and 8.2.x are affected.
Administrators can configure NTLMv1 authentication by defining an
Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting (AAA) server group that
uses the NTLMv1 protocol with the "aaa-server 
protocol nt" command and then configuring a service that requires
authentication to use that AAA server group. To verify that NTLMv1
authentication is enabled and active, issue the "show aaa-server
protocol nt" command. Sample output is displayed in the following
example:

    ciscoasa#show aaa-server protocol nt
    Server Group:    test
    Server Protocol: nt
    Server Address:  192.168.10.11
    Server port:     139
    Server status:   ACTIVE, Last transaction (success) at 11:10:08 UTC  Fri Jan 29
    

Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliance Vulnerability Status
+-----------------------------------------------------------

Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances are affected by the
following vulnerabilities:

  * TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
  * SIP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerabilities
  * SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability
  * Crafted IKE Message Denial of Service Vulnerability
  * NTLMv1 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability

Because the Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances reached End of
Software Maintenance Releases on July 28, 2009, no further software
releases will be available for the Cisco PIX 500 Series Security
Appliances. Cisco PIX 500 Series Security Appliances customers are
encouraged to migrate to Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security
Appliances or to implement any applicable workarounds that are listed
in the "Workarounds" section of this advisory. Fixed software is
available for the Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances.
For more information, refer to the End of Life announcement at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/prod/collateral/vpndevc/ps5708/ps5709/ps2030/end_of_life_notice_cisco_pix_525_sec_app.html. 

How To Determine The Running Software Version
+--------------------------------------------

To determine whether a vulnerable version of Cisco ASA Software is
running on an appliance, administrators can issue the "show version"
command-line interface (CLI) command. The following example shows a
Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance that is running
software version 8.0(4):

    ASA#show version
    Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.0(4)
    Device Manager Version 6.0(1)
    

Customers who use Cisco ASDM to manage devices can locate the software
version in the table that is displayed in the login window or upper-left
corner of the Cisco ASDM window.

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable
+--------------------------------

The Cisco Firewall Services Module (FWSM) is affected by
some of the vulnerabilities in this advisory. A separate
Cisco Security Advisory has been published to disclose the
vulnerabilities that affect the FWSM. This advisory is available at
http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20100217-fwsm.shtml. 

With the exception of the Cisco FWSM, no other Cisco products are
currently known to be affected by these vulnerabilities.

Details
======
The Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance is a modular
platform that provides security and VPN services. It offers firewall,
intrusion prevention (IPS), anti-X, and VPN services.

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by the
following vulnerabilities:

TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances may experience a TCP
connection exhaustion condition (no new TCP connections are accepted)
when specific TCP segments are received during the TCP connection
termination phase.

This vulnerability is triggered only when specific TCP segments are sent
to certain TCP-based services that terminate on the affected appliance.
Although exploitation of this vulnerability requires a TCP three-way
handshake, authentication is not required.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCsz77717 and has been
assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2010-0149.

SIP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerabilities
+-----------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by two
denial of service vulnerabilities that may cause an appliance to reload
during the processing of SIP messages. Appliances are only vulnerable
when SIP inspection is enabled.

Only transit traffic can trigger these vulnerabilities; traffic that is
destined to the appliance will not trigger the vulnerabilities.

These vulnerabilities are documented in Cisco bug IDs CSCsy91157,
and CSCtc96018, and have been assigned CVE IDs CVE-2010-0150, and
CVE-2010-0569 respectively.

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability
+----------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by
a vulnerability that may cause the appliance to reload during the
processing of malformed skinny control message. Appliances are only
vulnerable when SCCP inspection is enabled.

Only transit traffic can trigger this vulnerability; traffic that is
destined to the appliance will not trigger the vulnerabily.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCsz79757 and has been
assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2010-0151.

WebVPN DTLS Denial of Service Vulnerability
+------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by a
vulnerability that may cause the appliance to reload when a malformed
DTLS message is sent to the DTLS port (by default UDP port 443).
Appliances are only vulnerable when they are configured for WebVPN and
DTLS transport.

This vulnerability is only triggered by traffic that is destined to the
appliance; transit traffic will not trigger the vulnerability.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCtb64913 and has been
assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2010-0565.

Crafted TCP Segment Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances are affected by a
vulnerability that may cause an appliance to reload when all of the
following conditions are met:

 1. A malformed, transit TCP segment is received.
 2. The TCP segment matches a static NAT translation that has the
    "nailed" option configured on it.
 3. The TCP segment is also processed by the Cisco AIP-SSM, which is
    configured for inline mode of operation.

A TCP three-way handshake is not necessary to exploit this
vulnerability.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCtb37219 and has been
assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2010-0566.

Crafted IKE Message Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances contain a
vulnerability that may cause all IPsec tunnels terminating on
the appliance to be torn down and prevent new tunnels from being
established. The tunnels are not torn down immediately; IPsec traffic
will continue to flow until the next rekey, at which time the rekey
will fail and the tunnels will be torn down. Both site-to-site and
remote access VPN tunnels are affected. The vulnerability is triggered
when the appliance processes a malformed IKE message on port UDP 4500
that traverses an existing IPsec tunnel. The only way to recover and
re-establish IPsec VPN tunnels is to reload the appliance.

When this vulnerability is exploited, the security appliance will
generate syslog messages 713903 and 713906, which will be followed by
the loss of IPsec peers.

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCtc47782 and has been
assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2010-0567.

NTLMv1 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
+-----------------------------------------

Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances contain a
vulnerability that could result in authentication bypass when the
affected appliance is configured to authenticate users against Microsoft
Windows servers using the NTLMv1 protocol.

Users can bypass authentication by providing an an invalid, crafted
username during an authentication request. Any services that use a
AAA server group that is configured to use the NTLMv1 authentication
protocol is affected. Affected services include:

  * Telnet access to the security appliance
  * SSH access to the security appliance
  * HTTPS access to the security appliance (including Cisco ASDM
    access)
  * Serial console access
  * Privileged (enable) mode access
  * Cut-through proxy for network access
  * VPN access

This vulnerability is documented in Cisco bug ID CSCte21953 and has been
assigned Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) ID CVE-2010-0568.

Vulnerability Scoring Details
============================
Cisco has provided scores for the vulnerabilities in this advisory based
on the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS). The CVSS scoring in
this Security Advisory is done in accordance with CVSS version 2.0.

CVSS is a standards-based scoring method that conveys vulnerability
severity and helps determine urgency and priority of response.

Cisco has provided a base and temporal score. Customers can then
compute environmental scores to assist in determining the impact of the
vulnerability in individual networks.

Cisco has provided an FAQ to answer additional questions regarding CVSS
at:

http://www.cisco.com/web/about/security/intelligence/cvss-qandas.html 

Cisco has also provided a CVSS calculator to help compute the
environmental impact for individual networks at:

http://intellishield.cisco.com/security/alertmanager/cvss. 

TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------------

* CSCsz77717 ("TCP sessions remain in CLOSEWAIT indefinitely")

CVSS Base Score - 7.1
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Medium
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   None
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 5.9
    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed


SIP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerabilities
+-----------------------------------------------

* CSCsy91157 ("Watchdog when inspecting malformed SIP traffic")

CVSS Base Score - 7.8
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Low
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   None
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4
    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed

* CSCtc96018 ("ASA watchdog when inspecting malformed SIP traffic")

CVSS Base Score - 7.8
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Low
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   None
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4
    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed


SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability
+----------------------------------------------

* CSCsz79757 ("Traceback - Thread Name: Dispatch Unit with skinny
inspect enabled")

CVSS Base Score - 7.8
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Low
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   None
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4
    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed


WebVPN DTLS Denial of Service Vulnerability
+------------------------------------------

* CSCtb64913 ("WEBVPN: page fault in thread name dispath unit, eip udpmod_user_put")

CVSS Base Score - 7.8
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Low
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   None
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 6.4
    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed


Crafted TCP Segment Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

* CSCtb37219 ("Traceback in Dispatch Unit AIP-SSM Inline and nailed
option on static")

CVSS Base Score - 7.1
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Medium
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   None
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      Complete

CVSS Temporal Score - 5.9
    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed


Crafted IKE Message Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

* CSCtc47782 ("Malformed IKE traffic causes rekey to fail")

CVSS Base Score - 5.0
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Low
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   None
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      Partial

CVSS Temporal Score - 4.1
    Exploitability -           Functional
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed


NTLMv1 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
+-----------------------------------------

* CSCte21953 ("ASA may allow authentication of an invalid username for
NT auth")

CVSS Base Score - 7.1
    Access Vector -            Network
    Access Complexity -        Medium
    Authentication -           None
    Confidentiality Impact -   Complete
    Integrity Impact -         None
    Availability Impact -      None

CVSS Temporal Score - 6.2
    Exploitability -           High
    Remediation Level -        Official-Fix
    Report Confidence -        Confirmed


Impact
=====
TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------------

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may lead to an exhaustion
condition where the affected appliance cannot accept new TCP
connections. A reload of the appliance is necessary to recover from the
TCP connection exhaustion condition. If a TCP-based protocol is used
for device management (like telnet, SSH, or HTTPS), a serial console
connection may be needed to access to the appliance.

SIP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerabilities
+-----------------------------------------------

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may cause a reload of
the affected appliance. Repeated exploitation could result in a
sustained DoS condition.

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability
+----------------------------------------------

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may cause a reload of
the affected appliance. Repeated exploitation could result in a
sustained DoS condition.

WebVPN DTLS Denial of Service Vulnerability
+------------------------------------------

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may cause a reload of
the affected appliance. Repeated exploitation could result in a
sustained DoS condition.

Crafted TCP Segment Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may cause a reload of
the affected appliance. Repeated exploitation could result in a
sustained DoS condition.

Crafted IKE Message Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could cause all IPsec
VPN tunnels (LAN-to-LAN or remote) that terminate on the security
appliance to be torn down and prevent new tunnels from being
established. A manual reload of the appliance is required to
re-establish all VPN tunnels.

NTLMv1 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
+-----------------------------------------

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could result in
unauthorized access to the network or appliance.

Software Versions and Fixes
==========================
When considering software upgrades, also consult
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt and any subsequent advisories to determine 
exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should exercise caution to be certain the
devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and that current
hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported
properly by the new release. If the information is not clear, contact
the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) or your contracted
maintenance provider for assistance.

The following table contains the first fixed software release of each
vulnerability. A device running a version of the given release in
a specific row (less than the First Fixed Release) is known to be
vulnerable.

+---------------------------------------+
|                 |  Major  |   First   |
|  Vulnerability  | Release |   Fixed   |
|                 |         |  Release  |
|-----------------+---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.0     | Not       |
|                 |         | affected  |
|TCP Connection   |---------+-----------|
| Exhaustion      | 7.2     | 7.2(4.46) |
|Denial of        |---------+-----------|
| Service         | 8.0     | 8.0(4.38) |
|Vulnerability (  |---------+-----------|
| CSCsz77717)     | 8.1     | 8.1(2.29) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.2     | 8.2(1.5)  |
|-----------------+---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.0     | 7.0(8.10) |
|SIP Inspection   |---------+-----------|
| Denial of       | 7.2     | 7.2(4.45) |
|Service          |---------+-----------|
| Vulnerabilities | 8.0     | 8.0(5.2)  |
|(CSCsy91157 and  |---------+-----------|
| CSCtc96018)     | 8.1     | 8.1(2.37) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.2     | 8.2(1.16) |
|-----------------+---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.0     | Not       |
|                 |         | affected  |
|                 |---------+-----------|
| SCCP Inspection | 7.2     | Not       |
| Denial of       |         | affected  |
|Service          |---------+-----------|
| Vulnerability ( | 8.0     | 8.0(4.38) |
|CSCsz79757)      |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.1     | 8.1(2.29) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.2     | 8.2(1.2)  |
|-----------------+---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.0     | Not       |
|                 |         | affected  |
|WebVPN DTLS      |---------+-----------|
| Denial of       | 7.2     | 7.2(4.45) |
|Service          |---------+-----------|
| Vulnerability ( | 8.0     | 8.0(4.44) |
|CSCtb64913)      |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.1     | 8.1(2.35) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.2     | 8.2(1.10) |
|-----------------+---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.0     | 7.0(8.10) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
| Crafted TCP     | 7.2     | 7.2(4.45) |
|Segment Denial   |---------+-----------|
| of Service      | 8.0     | 8.0(4.44) |
|Vulnerability (  |---------+-----------|
| CSCtb37219)     | 8.1     | 8.1(2.35) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.2     | 8.2(1.10) |
|-----------------+---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.0     | 7.0(8.10) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
| Crafted IKE     | 7.2     | 7.2(4.45) |
|Message Denial   |---------+-----------|
| of Service      | 8.0     | 8.0(5.1)  |
|Vulnerability (  |---------+-----------|
| CSCtc47782)     | 8.1     | 8.1(2.37) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.2     | 8.2(1.15) |
|-----------------+---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.0     | 7.0(8.10) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 7.2     | 7.2(4.45) |
|                 |---------+-----------|
| NTLMv1          | 8.0     | 8.0(5.7)  |
|Authentication   |---------+-----------|
| Bypass          |         | 8.1       |
| Vulnerability ( |         | (2.40),   |
| CSCte21953)     | 8.1     | available |
|                 |         | early     |
|                 |         | March     |
|                 |         | 2010      |
|                 |---------+-----------|
|                 | 8.2     | 8.2(2.1)  |
+---------------------------------------+

Note: Cisco ASA Software versions 7.1.x are affected by some of the
vulnerabilities in this advisory. However, no fixed 7.1.x software
versions are planned because the 7.1.x major release has reached the End
of Software Maintenance Releases milestone. Refer to the EOL/EOS for the
Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliance Software v7.1 notice
for further information.

Fixed Cisco ASA Software can be downloaded from:

http://www.cisco.com/pcgi-bin/tablebuild.pl/ASAPSIRT?psrtdcat20e2 

Recommended Releases
+-------------------

Releases 7.0(8.10), 7.2(4.46), 8.0(5.9), 8.1(2.40) (available early
March 2010), and 8.2(2.4) are recommended releases because they contain
the fixes for all vulnerabilities in this advisory. Cisco recommends
upgrading to a release that is equal to or later than these recommended
releases.

Workarounds
==========
TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------------

It is possible to mitigate this vulnerability for TCP-based services
that are offered to known clients. For example, it may be possible to
restrict SSH, Cisco ASDM/HTTPS, and Telnet administrative access to
known hosts or IP subnetworks. For other services like remote access
SSL VPN, where clients connect from unknown hosts and networks, no
mitigations exist.

SIP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerabilities
+-----------------------------------------------

These vulnerabilities can be mitigated by disabling SIP inspection if it
is not required. Administrators can disable SIP inspection by issuing
the "no inspect sip" command in class configuration sub-mode within
policy-map configuration.

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability
+----------------------------------------------

This vulnerability can be mitigated by disabling SCCP inspection if it
is not required. Administrators can disable SCCP inspection by issuing
the "no inspect skinny" command in class configuration sub-mode within
the policy-map configuration.

WebVPN DTLS Denial of Service Vulnerability
+------------------------------------------

This vulnerability can be mitigated by disabling DTLS transport
for WebVPN. Administrators can disable DTLS by issuing the "no svc
dtls enable" command under the "webvpn" attributes section of the
corresponding group policy.

Crafted TCP Segment Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

Possible workarounds for this vulnerability are the following:

  * Migrate from "nailed" static NAT entries to TCP-state bypass.
  * Use the Cisco AIP-SSM in promiscuous mode. This mode can be
    configured by issuing the "ips promiscuous" command in "class"
    configuration mode.
  * Disable IPS inspection for "nailed" static NAT entries.
  * If possible, change "nailed" static NAT entries to standard
    static NAT entries.

Crafted IKE Message Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

A workaround for this vulnerability is to prevent UDP port 4500 traffic
from ever traversing IPsec tunnels terminating on the Cisco ASA 5500
Series Adaptive Security Appliance. This may be feasible since in most
cases there is no need for allowing IPsec tunnels inside IPsec tunnels.
Filtering out UDP port 4500 traffic across an IPsec tunnel can be
accomplished by using a VPN filter, as shown in the following example:

    !-- Deny only UDP port 4500 traffic and allow everything else

    access-list VPNFILTER extended deny udp any any eq 4500
    access-list VPNFILTER extended permit ip any any


    !-- Create a group policy and specify a VPN filter that uses the
    !-- previous ACL

    group-policy VPNPOL internal
    group-policy VPNPOL attributes
     vpn-filter value VPNFILTER


    !-- Reference the group policy with the VPN filter from the tunnel group

    tunnel-group 172.16.0.1 type ipsec-l2l
    tunnel-group 172.16.0.1 general-attributes
     default-group-policy VPNPOL

For this workaround to be effective, the group policy needs to be
applied to all site-to-site (tunnel type "ipsec-l2l") and remote access
(tunnel type "ipsec-ra") tunnel groups.

Warning: In addition to filtering out IKE traffic on UDP port 4500, this
workaround may also affect other procotols like DNS and SNMP that send
traffic on UDP port 4500. For example, if a DNS resolver sends traffic
from UDP port 4500 to a DNS server, the response from the DNS server
will be destined to UDP port 4500, which then may be filtered out by the
filter used in this workaround.

For a more comprehensive example of the VPN filter feature of the Cisco
ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances, refer to the whitepaper
"PIX/ASA 7.x and Later: VPN Filter (Permit Specific Port or Protocol)
Configuration Example for L2L and Remote Access" available at:

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/hw/vpndevc/ps2030/products_configuration_example09186a00808c9a87.shtml 

In addition, if the security appliance does not terminate any tunnels,
the vulnerability can be mitigated by disabling IKE by issuing the "no
isakmp enable " command.

NTLMv1 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
+-----------------------------------------

If NTLMv1 authentication is required, there are no workarounds for this
vulnerability. If NTLMv1 authentication can be substituted by other
authentication protocols (LDAP, RADIUS, TACACS+, etc.), it is possible
to mitigate the vulnerability.

Obtaining Fixed Software
=======================
Cisco has released free software updates that address these
vulnerabilities. Prior to deploying software, customers should consult
their maintenance provider or check the software for feature set
compatibility and known issues specific to their environment.

Customers may only install and expect support for the feature
sets they have purchased. By installing, downloading, accessing
or otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to be
bound by the terms of Cisco's software license terms found at
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/general/warranty/English/EU1KEN_.html, 
or as otherwise set forth at Cisco.com Downloads at
http://www.cisco.com/public/sw-center/sw-usingswc.shtml. 

Do not contact psirt@cisco.com or security-alert@cisco.com for software 
upgrades.

Customers with Service Contracts
+-------------------------------

Customers with contracts should obtain upgraded software through their
regular update channels. For most customers, this means that upgrades
should be obtained through the Software Center on Cisco's worldwide
website at http://www.cisco.com. 

Customers using Third Party Support Organizations
+------------------------------------------------

Customers whose Cisco products are provided or maintained through prior
or existing agreements with third-party support organizations, such
as Cisco Partners, authorized resellers, or service providers should
contact that support organization for guidance and assistance with the
appropriate course of action in regards to this advisory.

The effectiveness of any workaround or fix is dependent on specific
customer situations, such as product mix, network topology, traffic
behavior, and organizational mission. Due to the variety of affected
products and releases, customers should consult with their service
provider or support organization to ensure any applied workaround or fix
is the most appropriate for use in the intended network before it is
deployed.

Customers without Service Contracts
+----------------------------------

Customers who purchase direct from Cisco but do not hold a Cisco service
contract, and customers who purchase through third-party vendors but are
unsuccessful in obtaining fixed software through their point of sale
should acquire upgrades by contacting the Cisco Technical Assistance
Center (TAC). TAC contacts are as follows.

  * +1 800 553 2447 (toll free from within North America)
  * +1 408 526 7209 (toll call from anywhere in the world)
* e-mail: tac@cisco.com 

Customers should have their product serial number available and be
prepared to give the URL of this notice as evidence of entitlement to a
free upgrade. Free upgrades for non-contract customers must be requested
through the TAC.

Refer to
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/support/tsd_cisco_worldwide_contacts.html 
for additional TAC contact information, including localized telephone
numbers, and instructions and e-mail addresses for use in various
languages.

Exploitation and Public Announcements
====================================
The Cisco PSIRT is not aware of any public announcements or malicious
use of any of the vulnerabilities described in this advisory.

TCP Connection Exhaustion Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------------

This vulnerability was discovered during the resolution of a customer
service request.

SIP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerabilities
+-----------------------------------------------

CSCsy91157 was discovered during internal testing. CSCtc96018 was
discovered during the resolution of customer service requests.

SCCP Inspection Denial of Service Vulnerability
+----------------------------------------------

This vulnerability was discovered during the resolution of customer
service requests.

WebVPN DTLS Denial of Service Vulnerability
+------------------------------------------

This vulnerability was discovered during the resolution of customer
service requests.

Crafted TCP Segment Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

This vulnerability was discovered during internal testing.

Crafted IKE Message Denial of Service Vulnerability
+--------------------------------------------------

This vulnerability was discovered during the resolution of customer
service requests.

NTLMv1 Authentication Bypass Vulnerability
+-----------------------------------------

This vulnerability was discovered during internal testing.

Status of this Notice: FINAL
===========================
THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY
ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE OF THE
INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS
AT YOUR OWN RISK. CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS
DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A stand-alone copy or Paraphrase of the text of this document that omits
the distribution URL in the following section is an uncontrolled copy,
and may lack important information or contain factual errors.

Distribution
===========
This advisory is posted on Cisco's worldwide website at:

http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/707/cisco-sa-20100217-asa.shtml 

In addition to worldwide web posting, a text version of this notice is
clear-signed with the Cisco PSIRT PGP key and is posted to the following
e-mail and Usenet news recipients.

* cust-security-announce@cisco.com 
* first-bulletins@lists.first.org 
* bugtraq@securityfocus.com 
* vulnwatch@vulnwatch.org 
* cisco@spot.colorado.edu 
* cisco-nsp@puck.nether.net 
* full-disclosure@lists.grok.org.uk 
* comp.dcom.sys.cisco@newsgate.cisco.com 

Future updates of this advisory, if any, will be placed on Cisco's
worldwide website, but may or may not be actively announced on mailing
lists or newsgroups. Users concerned about this problem are encouraged
to check the above URL for any updates.

Revision History
===============
+------------------------------------------------------------+
| Revision 1.0 | 2010-February-17 | Initial public release.  |
+------------------------------------------------------------+

Cisco Security Procedures
========================
Complete information on reporting security vulnerabilities
in Cisco products, obtaining assistance with security
incidents, and registering to receive security information
from Cisco, is available on Cisco's worldwide website at
http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/products_security_vulnerability_policy.html. 
This includes instructions for press inquiries regarding
Cisco security notices. All Cisco security advisories are available at
http://www.cisco.com/go/psirt. 

+--------------------------------------------------------------------
Copyright 2008-2010 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.
+--------------------------------------------------------------------

Updated: Feb 17, 2010                             Document ID: 111485
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