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Wordpress is vulnerable to an unauthorized upgrade and XSS



Wordpress is vulnerable to an unauthorized upgrade and XSS
Wordpress is vulnerable to an unauthorized upgrade and XSS



============================================INTERNET SECURITY AUDITORS ALERT 2008-001
- Original release date: January 3rd, 2008
- Last revised:  December 22nd, 2008
- Discovered by: Jesus Olmos Gonzalez
- Severity: 2/5
============================================
I. VULNERABILITY
-------------------------
Wordpress is vulnerable to an unauthorized upgrade and XSS

II. BACKGROUND
-------------------------
WordPress started in 2003 with a single bit of code to enhance the
typography of everyday writing and with fewer users than you can count
on your fingers and toes. Since then it has grown to be the largest
self-hosted blogging tool in the world, used on hundreds of thousands
of sites and seen by tens of millions of people every day. With a very
active development and evolution.

III. DESCRIPTION
-------------------------
If the WordPress is not the last version, anybody can upgrades the
aplication using wp-admin/upgrade.php

The snippet of vulnerable code:

if (isset($_GET['step']))
        $step = (int) $_GET['step'];
...
switch($step) :
    case 0:
        $goback = clean_url(stripslashes(wp_get_referer()));
...
    case 1:
        wp_upgrade();
        if ( empty( $_GET['backto'] ) )
           $backto = __get_option('home') . '/';
...

If step is set to one, the link "Have fun" is set to the backto
parameter value, then is possible to make a Cross Site Attack to steal
user sessions.

IV. PROOF OF CONCEPT
-------------------------
http://www.victim.com/wp-admin/upgrade.php 
http://www.victim.com/wp-admin/upgrade.php?step=1&backto=http://www.The-attacker.org 

V. BUSINESS IMPACT
-------------------------
If the upgrade fails, the availibility of the wordpress could be
affected. If the cross site attack succeeds, the confidentiality and
integrity of the content will be afected.

VI. SYSTEMS AFFECTED
-------------------------
All versions of wordpress are affected.

VII. SOLUTION
-------------------------
Wordpress considered was not as serious as it seams. So no patch
published for this issue.

VIII. REFERENCES
-------------------------
http://www.wordpress.org 

IX. CREDITS
-------------------------
This vulnerability has been discovered and reported
by Jesus Olmos Gonzalez (jolmos (at) isecauditors (dot) com).

X. REVISION HISTORY
-------------------------
December 21, 2007: Initial release
January   7, 2008: More details added.

XI. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE
-------------------------
December 21, 2007: Vulnerability acquired by
Internet Security Auditors (www.isecauditors.com) 
January   6, 2008: WordPress security contacted.
January  11, 2008: WordPress security confirms they consider the
                   vulnerability as low impact.
December 22, 2008: Published

XII. LEGAL NOTICES
-------------------------
The information contained within this advisory is supplied "as-is"
with no warranties or guarantees of fitness of use or otherwise.
Internet Security Auditors, S.L. accepts no responsibility for any
damage caused by the use or misuse of this information.


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