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TUCoPS :: Radio :: part97a.txt

FCC Part 97 Subpart A





                           APPENDIX A
Part 97 of Chapter 1 of Title 47 of the Code of Federal 
Regulations is amended, as follows:
     1. The authority citation for Part 97 continues to read as 
follows:
     AUTHORITY: 48 Stat. 1066, 1082, as amended; 47 U.S.C. 154, 
303. Interpret or apply 48 Stat. 1064-1068, 1081-1105, as 
amended; 47 U.S.C. 151-155, 301-609, unless otherwise noted.
     2. Part 97 is revised as follows:
                PART 97 -- AMATEUR RADIO SERVICE
                 Subpart A -- General Provisions
     Sec.
     97.1 Basis and purpose.
     97.3 Definitions.
     97.5 Station license required.
     97.7 Control operator required.
     97.9 Operator license.
     97.11 Stations aboard ships or aircraft.
     97.13 Restrictions on station location.
     97.15 Station antenna structures.
     97.17 Application for new license.
     97.19 Application for renewed or modified license.
     97.21 Mailing address and station location.
     97.23 License term.
     97.25 FCC modification of station license.
     97.27 Replacement license.
            Subpart B -- Station Operation Standards
     97.101 General standards.
     97.103 Station licensee responsibilities.
     97.105 Control operator duties.
     97.107 Alien control operator privileges.
     97.109 Station control.
     97.111 Authorized transmissions.
     97.113 Prohibited transmissions.
     97.115 Third-party traffic.
     97.117 International communications.
     97.119 Station identification.
     97.121 Restricted operation.
                 Subpart C -- Special Operations
     97.201 Auxiliary station.
     97.203 Beacon station.
     97.205 Repeater station.
     97.207 Space station.
     97.209 Earth station.
     97.211 Telecommand station.
     97.213 Remote control of a staiton.
     97.215 Remote control of model craft.
                Subpart D -- Technical Standards
     97.301 Authorized frequency bands.
     97.303 Frequency sharing requirements.
     97.305 Authorized emission types.
     97.307 Emission standards.
     97.309 RTTY and data emission digital codes.
     97.311 SS emission types.
     97.313 Transmitter power standards.
     97.315 Type acceptance of external RF power amplifiers.
     97.317 Standards for type acceptance of external RF power 
amplifiers.
         Subpart E -- Providing Emergency Communications
     97.401 Operation during a disaster.
     97.403 Safety of life and proteciton of property.
     97.405 Station in distress.
     97.407 Radio amateur civil emergency service.
           Subpart F -- Qualifying Examination Systems
     97.501 Qualifying for an amateur operator license.
     97.503 Element standards.
     97.505 Element credit.
     97.507 Preparing an examination.
     97.509 Administering an examination.
     97.511 Technician, General, Advanced, and Amateur Extra 
Class operator license examination.
     97.513 Novice Class operator license examination.
     97.515 Volunteer examiner requirements.
     97.517 Volunteer examiner conduct.
     97.519 Coordinating examination sessions.
     97.521 VEC qualifications.
     97.523 Question pools.
     97.525 Accrediting VEs.
     97.527 Reimbursement for expenses.
     Appendix 1 Places where the amateur service is regulated by 
the FCC.
     Appendix 2 VEC Regions.
                 Subpart A -- General Provisions
     S 97.1 Basis and prupose.
     The rules and regulations in this Part are designed to 
provide an amateur radio service having a fundamental purpose as 
expressed in the following principles:
     (a) Recognition and enhancement of the value of the amateur 
service to the public as a voluntary noncommercial communication 
service, particularly with respect to providing emergency 
communications.
     (b) Continuation and extension of the amateur's proven 
ability to contribute to the advancement of the radio art.
     (c) Encouragement and improvement of the amateur service 
through rules which provide for advancing skills in both the 
communication and technical phases of the art.
     (d) Expansion of the existing reservoir within the amateur 
radio service of trained operators, technicians, and electronics 
experts.
     (e) Continuation and extension of the amateur's unique 
ability to enhance international goodwill.
     S 97.3 Definitions.
     (a) The definitions of terms used in Part 97 are:
     (1) Amateur operator. A person holding a written 
authorization to be the control operator of an amateur station.
     (2) Amateur radio services. The amateur service, the 
amateur-satellite service and the radio amateur civil emergency 
service.
     (3) Amateur -- satellite service. A radiocommunication 
service using stations on Earth satellites for the same purpose 
as those of the amateur service.
     (4) Amateur srvice. A radiocommunication service for the 
purpose of self-training, intercommunication and technical 
investigations carried out by amateurs, that is, duly authorized 
persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim 
and without pecuniary interest.
     (5) Amateur station. A station in an amateur radio service 
consisting of the apparatus necessary for carrying on 
radiocommunications.
     (6) Automatic control. The use of devices and procedures for 
control of a station when it is transmitting so that compliance 
with the FCC Rules is achieved without the control operator being 
present at a control point.
     (7) Auxiliary station. An amateur station transmitting 
communications point-to-point within a system of cooperating 
amateur stations.
     (8) Bandwidth. The width of a frequency band outside of 
which the mean power of the total emission is attenuated at least 
26 dB below the mean power of the total emission, including 
allowances for transmitter drift or Doppler shift.
     (9) Beacon. An amateur station transmitting communications 
for the purposes of observation of propagation and reception or 
other related experimental activites.
     (10) Broadcasting. Transmissions intended for reception by 
the general public, either direct or relayed.
     (11) Control operator. An amateur operator designated by the 
licensee of a station to be responsible for the transmissions 
from that station to assure compliance with the FCC Rules.
     (12) Control point. The location at which the control 
operator function is performed.
     (13) CSCE. Certificate of successful completion of an 
examination.
     (14) Earth station. An amateur station located on, or within 
50 km of, the Earth's surface intended for communications with 
space stations or with other Earth stations by means of one or 
more other objects in space.
     (15) EIC. Engineer in Charge of an FCC Field Facility.
     (16) External RF power amplifier. A device capable of 
increasing power output when used in conjunction with, but not an 
integral part of, a transmitter.
     (17) External RF power amplifier kit. A number of electronic 
parts, which, when assembled, is an external RF power amplifier, 
even if additional parts are required to complete assembly.
     (18) FAA. Federal Aviation Administration.
     (19) FCC. Federal Communications Commission.
     (20) Frequency coordinator. An entity, recognized in a local 
or regional area by amateur operators whose stations are eligible 
to be auxiliary or repeater stations, that recommends 
transmit/receive channels and associated operating and technical 
parameters for such stations in order to avoid or minimize 
potential interference.
     (21) Harmful interference. Interference which endangers the 
functioning of a radionavigation service or of other safety 
services or seriously degrades, obstructs or repeatedly 
interrupts a radiocommunication service operating in accordance 
with the Radio Regulations.
     (22) Indicator. Words, letters or numerals appended to and 
separated from the call sign during the station identification.
     (23) Information bulletin. A message directed only to 
amateur operators consisting solely of subject matter of direct 
interest to the amateur service.
     (24) International Morse code. A dot-dash code as defined in 
International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee 
(CCITT) Recommendation F.1 (1984), Division B, I. Morse code.
     (25) ITU. International Telecommunication Union.
     (26) Line A. Begins at Aberdeen, WA, running by great circle 
arc to the interseciton of 48\o/N, 120\o/W, thence along parallel 
48\o/N, to the intersection of 95\o/W, thence by great circle arc 
through the southernmost point of Duluth, MN, thence by great 
circle arc to 45\o/N, 85\o/W, thence southward along meridian 
85\o/W, to its intersection with parallel 41\o/N, thence along 
parallel 41\o/N, to its intersection with meridian 82\o/W, thence 
by great circle arc through the southernmost point of Bangor, ME, 
thence by great circle arc through the southernmost point of 
Searsport, ME, at which point it terminates.
     (27) Local control. The use of a control operator who 
directly manipulates the operating adjustments in the station to 
achieve compliance with the FCC Rules.
     (28) National Radio Quiet Zone. The area in Maryland, 
Virginia and West Virginia Bounded by 39\o/ 15'N on the north, 
78\o/ 30'W on the east, 37\o/ 30'N on the south and 80\o/ 30'W on 
the west.
     (29) Question pool. All current examination questions for a 
designated written examination element.
     (30) Question set. A series of examination questions on a 
given examination selected from the question pool.
     (31) Radio Regulations. The latest ITU Radio Regulations to 
which the United States is a party.
     (32) RACES (radio amateur civil emergency service). A radio 
service using amateur stations for civil defense communications 
during periods of local, regional or national civil emergencies.
     (33) Remote control. The use of a control operator who 
indirectly manipulates the operating adjustments in the station 
through a control link to achieve compliance with the fCC Rules.
     (34) Repeater. An amateur station that automatically 
retransmits the signals of other stations.
     (35) Space station. An amateur station located more than 50 
km above the earth's surface.
     (36) Spurious emission. An emission, on frequencies outside 
the necessary bandwidth of a transmission, the level of which may 
be reduced without affecting the information being transmitted.
     (37) Telecommand station. An amateur station that transmits 
communications to initiate, modify or terminate functions of a 
space station.
     (38) Third party communications. A message from the control 
operator (first party) of an amateur station to another amateur 
station control operator (second party) on behalf of another 
person (third party).
     (39) VE. Volunteer examiner.
     (40) VEC. Volunteer-examiner coordinator.
     (b) The definitions of technical symbols used in this Part 
are:
     (1) EHF (extremely high frequency). The frequency range 30-
300 GHz.
     (2) HF (high frequency). The frequency range 3-30 MHz.
     (3) Hz. Hertz.
     (4) m. Meters
     (5) MF (medium frequency). The frequency range 300-3000 kHz.
     (6) PEP (peak envelope power). The average power supplied to 
the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during one RF 
cycle at the crest of the modulation envelope taken under normal 
operating conditions.
     (7) RF. Radio frequency.
     (8) SHF (super-high frequency). The frequency range 3-30 
GHz.
     (9) UHF (ultra-high frequency). The frequency range 300-3000 
MHz.
     (10) VHF (very-high frequency). The frequency range 30-300 
mHz.
     (11) W. Watts.
     (c) The following terms are used in this Part to indicate 
emission types. Refer to S 2.201 of the FCC Rules, Emission, 
modulation and transmission characteristics, for information on 
emission type designators.
     (1) CW. International Morse code telegraphy emissions having 
designators with A, C, H, J or R as the first symbol; 1 as the 
second symbol; A or B as the third symbol; and emissions J2A and 
J2B.
     (2) Data. Telemetry, telecommand and computer communications 
emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the 
first symbol; 1 as the second symbol; D as the third symbol; and 
emission J2D. Only a digital code of a type specifically 
authorized in this Part may be transmitted.
     (3) Image. Facsimile and television emissions having 
designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first symbol; 1, 
2 or 3 as the second symbol; C or F as the third symbol; and 
emissions having B as the first symbol; 7, 8 or 9 as the second 
symbol; W as the third symbol.
     (4) MCW. Tone-modulated international Morse code telegraphy 
emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H or R as the 
first symbol; 2 as the second symbol; A or B as the third symbol.
     (5) Phone. Speech and other sound emissions having 
designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first symbol; 1, 
2 or 3 as the second symbol; E as the third symbol. Also speech 
emissions having B as the first symbol; 7, 8 or 9 as the second 
symbol; E as the third symbol. MCW for the purpose of performing 
the station identification procedure, or for providing telegraphy 
practice interspersed with speech. Incidental tones for the 
purpose of selective calling or alerting or to control the level 
of a demodulated signal may also be considered phone.
     (6) Pulse. Emissions having designators with K, L, M, P, Q, 
V or W as the first symbol; 0, 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 9 or X as the 
second symbol; A, B, C, D, E, F, N, W or X as the third symbol.
     (7) RTTY. Narrow-band direct-printing telegraphy emissions 
having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J or R as the first 
symbol; 1 as the second symbol; B as the third symbol; and 
emission J2B. Only a digital code of a type specifically 
authorized in this Part may be transmitted.
     (8) SS. Spread-spectrum emissions using bandwidth-expansion 
modulation emissions having designators with A, C, D, F, G, H, J 
or R as the first symbol; X as the second symbol; X as the third 
symbol. Only a SS emission of a type specifically authorized in 
this Part may be transmitted.
     (9) Test. Emissions containing no information having the 
designators with N as the third symbol. Test does not include 
pulse emissions with no information or modulation unless pulse 
emissions are also authorized in the frequency band.
     S 97.5 Station license required.
     (a) When a station is transmitting on any amateur service 
frequency from a geographic location within 50 km of the Earth's 
surface where the amateur service is regulated by the FCC, the 
person having physical control of the apparatus must hold an FCC-
issued written authorization for an amateur station.
     (b) When a station is transmitting on any amateur service 
frequency from a location within 50 km of the Earth's surface and 
aboard any vessel or craft that is documented or registered in 
the United States, the person having physical control of the 
apparatus must hold an FCC-issued written authorizaiton for an 
amateur station.
     (c) When a station is transmitting on any amateur-sattelite 
service frequency from a location more than 50 km above the 
Earth's surface aboard any craft that is documented or registered 
in the United States, the person having physical control of the 
apparatus must hold an FCC-issued written authorization for an 
amateur station.
     (d) The types of written authorizations that permit amateur 
station operation where the amateur service is regulated by the 
FCC are:
     (1) An operator/primary station license (FCC Form 660) 
issued to the person by the FCC. A primary station license is 
issued only to a person, together with an operator license on the 
same document. Every amateur operator licensed by the FCC must 
have one, but only one, primary station license. Except a 
representative of a foreign government, any person who qualifies 
by examination is eligible to apply for an operator/primary 
station license.
     (2) A club station license (FCC form 660) issued to the 
person by the FCC. A club station license is issued only to the 
rperson who is the license trustee designated by an officer of 
the club. The trustee must hold an FCC-issued Amateur Extra, 
Advanced, General, or Technician operator license. The club must 
be composed of at least two persons and must have a name, a 
document of organization, management and a primary purpose 
devoted to amateur service activities consistent with this Part.
     (3) A military recreation station license (FCC Form 660) 
issued to the person by the FCC. A military recreation station 
license is issued only to the person who is the license custodian 
designated by the official in charge of the United States 
military recreational premises where the station is situated. The 
custodian must not be a representative of a foreign government. 
The custodian need not hold an amateur operator license.
     (4) A RACES station license (FCC Form 660) issued to the 
person by the FCC. A RACES station license is issued only to the 
person who is the license custodian designated by the official 
responsible for the governmental agency served by that civil 
defense organization. The custodian must not be a representative 
of a foreign government. The custodian must be the civil defense 
official responsible for coordination of all civil defense 
activities in the area concerned. The custodian need not hold an 
amateur operator license.
     (5) A reciprocal permit for alien amateur licensee (FCC Form 
610-AL) issued to the person by the FCC. A reciprocal permit for 
alien amateur licensee is issued only to a person who is a 
citizen of a country with which the United States has 
arrangements to grant recirpocal operating permits to visiting 
alien amateur operators. The person must be a citizen of the same 
country that issued the amateur service license. No person who is 
a citizen of the United States, regardless of any other 
citizenship also held, is eligible for a reciprocal permit for 
alien amateur licensee. No person holding an FCC-issued amateur 
service license will be issued a reciprocal permit for alien 
amateur license.
     (6) An amateur service license issued to the person by the 
Government of Canada. The person must be a Canadian citizen.
     (e) The written authorization for an amateur station 
authorizes the use in accordance with the FCC Rules of all 
transmitting apparatus under the physical control of the station 
licensee at points where the amateur service is regulated by the 
FCC. The original written authorizaiton document or a photocopy 
thereof must be retained at the station.
     S 97.7 Control operator required.
     When transmitting, each amateur station must have a control 
operator. Only a person holding one of the following documents 
may be the control operator of a station:
     (a) An operator/primary station license (FCC Form 660) 
issued to the person by the FCC.
     (b) A reciprocal permit for alien amateur licensee (FCC Form 
610-AL) issued to the person by the FCC.
     (c) An amateur service license issued to a Canadian citizen 
by the Government of Canada.
     S 97.9 Operator license.
     (a) There are 5 classes of operator licenses: Novice, 
Technician, General, Advanced and Amateur Extra. An operator 
license authorizes the holder to be the control operator of a 
station with the privileges of the operator class specified on 
the license. The license document or a photocopy thereof must be 
in the personal possession of the licensee at all times when the 
person is the control operator of a staiton.
     (b) A person holding a Novice, Technician, general, or 
Advanced Class operator license who has properly filed with the 
FCC an application for a higher operator class which has not yet 
been acted upon, and who holds a CSCE indicating that the person 
completed the necessary examinations within the previous 365 days 
is authorized to exercise the rights and privileges of the higher 
operator class.
     S 97.11 Stations aboard ships or aircraft.
     (a) The installation and operation of an amateur station on 
a ship or aircraft must be approved by the master of the ship or 
pilot in command of the aircraft.
     (b) The station must be separate from and independent of all 
other radio apparatus installed on the ship or aircraft, except a 
common antenna may be shared with a voluntary ship radio 
installation. The station's transmissions must not cause 
interference to any other apparatus installed on the ship or 
aircrarft.
     (c) The station must not constitute a hazard to the safety 
of life or property. For a station aboard an aircraft, the 
apparatus shall not be operated while the aircraft is operating 
under Instrument Flight Rules, as defined by the FAA, unless the 
station has been found to comply with all applicable FAA Rules.
     S97.13 Restrictions on staiton locations.
     (a) Before placing an amateur staiton on land of 
environmental importance or that is significant in American 
history, architecture or culture, the licensee may be required to 
take certain acitons prescribed by SS 1.1305-1.1319 of the FCC 
Rules.
     (b) A station within 1600 m (1 mile) of an FCC monitoring 
facility must protect that facility from harmful interference. 
Failure to do so could result in imposition of operating 
restrictions upon the amateur station by an EIC pursuant to S 
97.121 of this Part. Geographical coordinates of the facilities 
that require proteciton are listed in S 0.121(c) of the FCC 
Rules.
     S 97.15 Station antenna structures.
     (a) Unless the amateur station licensee has received prior 
approval from the FCC, no antenna structure, including the 
radiating elements, tower, supports and all appurtenances, may be 
higher than 61 m (200 feet) above ground level at its site.
     (b) Unless the amateur staiton licensee has received prior 
approval from the FCC, no antenna structure, at an airport or 
heliport that is available for public use and is listed in the 
Airport Directory of the current Airman's Information Manual or 
in either the Alsaka or Pacific Airman's Guide and Chart 
Supplement; or at an airport or heliport under construction that 
is the subject of a notice or proposal on file with the FAA, and 
except for military airports, it is clearly indicated that the 
airport will be available for public use; or at an airport or 
heliport that is operated by the armed forces of the United 
States; or at a place near any of these airports or heliports, 
may be higher than:
     (1) 1 m above the airport elevaiton for each 100 m from the 
nearest runway longer than 1 km within 6.1 km of the antenna 
structure.
     (2) 2 m above the airport elevation for each 100 m from the 
nearest runway longer than 1 km within 3.1 km of the antenna 
structure.
     (3) 4 m above the airport elevation for each 100 m from the 
nearest landing pad within 1.5 km of the antenna structure.
     (c) An amateur station antenna structure no higher than 6.1 
m (20 feet) above ground level at its site or no higher than 6.1 
m above any natural object or existing manmade structure, other 
than an antenna structure, is exempt from the requirements of 
paragraphs (a) and (b) of this Section.
     (d) Further details as to whether an aeronautical study 
and/or obstruction marking and lighting may be required, and 
specifications for obstruction marking and lighting, are 
contained in Part 17 of the FCC Rules, Construction, Marking, and 
Lighting of Antenna Structures. To request approval to place an 
antenna structure higher than the limits specified in paragraphs 
(a), (b) and (c) of this Section, the licensee must notify the 
FAA on FAA Form 7460-1 and the FCC on FCC Form 854.
     (e) Except as otherwise provided herein, a station antenna 
structure may be erected at heights and dimensions sufficient to 
accommodate amateur service communications. [State and local 
regulation of a station antenna structure must not preclude 
amateur service communications. Rather, it must reasonably 
accommodate such communications and must constitute the minimum 
practicable regulation to accomplish the state or local 
authority's legitimate purpose. See PRB-1, 101 FCC 2d, 952 (1985) 
for details.]
     S 97.17 Application for new license.
     (a) Any qualified person is eligible to apply for an amateur 
service license.
     (b) Each application for a new operator/primary station 
license must be made on fCC Form 610. Each aplication for a 
reciprocal permit for alien amateur licensee must be made on FCC 
Form 610-A. No new license for a club, military recreation, or 
RACES station will be issued.
     (c) Each applicaiton for a new operator/primary station 
license and each application involving a change in operator class 
must be submitted to the VEs administering the qualifying 
examination.
     (d) Any qualified person is eligible to apply for a 
recirpocal permit for alien amateur licensee. The application 
must be submitted to the FCC, P.O. Box 1020, Gettysburg, PA 
17326.
     (e) No person shall obtain or attempt to obtain, or assist 
another person to obtain or attempt to obtain, an operator 
license or reciprocal permit for alien amateur licensee by 
fraudulent means.
     (f) A call sign will be assigned systematically to each 
station. The FCC will issue public announcements detailing the 
policies and procedures of the call sign assignment system. The 
FCC will not grant any request for a specific call sign.
     S 97.19 Application for a renewed or modified license.
     (a) Each application for a renewed or modified 
operator/primary station license must be made on FCC Form 610. 
Each application for a renewed or modified club, military 
recreation or RACES station license must be made on FCC Form 610-
B. A reciprocal permit for alien amateur licensee is not 
renewable. A new reciprocal permit may be issued upon proper 
application.
     (b) Each application for a renewed or modified amateur 
service license must be accompanied by a photocopy of the license 
document or the original document. Each application for a 
modified operator license involving a change in operator class 
must be submitted to the VEs administering the qualifying 
examination. All other applications must be submitted to: FCC, 
P.O. Box 1020, Gettysburg, PA 17326.
     (c) When the licensee has submitted a timely application for 
renewal of an unexpired license (between 60 and 90 days prior to 
the end of the license term is recommended), the licensee may 
continue to operate until the disposition of the application has 
been determined. If a license expires, application for renewal 
may be made during a grace period of 2 years after the expiration 
date. During this grace period, the expired license ise not 
valid. A license renewed during the grace period must be dated as 
of the date of the renewal.
     S 97.21 Mailing address and station location.
     Each application for an amateur service license and each 
application for a reciprocal permit for alien amateur licensee 
must show a mailing address and a station location (the addresses 
may be the same) in an area where the amateur service is 
regulated by the FCC. The mailing address must be one where the 
licensee can receive mail delivery by the United States Postal 
Service. The station location must be a place where a station can 
be physically located. (A Postal Service box, RFD number, or 
general delivery is unsuitable as a station location.)
     S 97.23 License term.
     (a) An amateur srvice license is normally issued for a 10-
year term.
     (b) A reciprocal permit for alien amateur licensee is 
normally issued for a 1-year term.
     S 97.25 FCC modification of station license.
     (a) The FCC may modify a station license, either for a 
limited time or for the duration of the term thereof, if it 
determines:
     (1) That such action will promote the public interest, 
convenience and necessity; or
     (2) That such action will promote fuller compliance with the 
provisions of the Communications Act of 1934, as amended, or of 
any treaty ratified by the United States.
     (b) When the FCC makes such a determination, it will issue 
an order of modificaiton. The order will not become final until 
the licensee is notified in writing of the proposed aciton and 
the grounds and reasons therefor. The licensee will be given 
reasonable opportunity of no less than 30 days to protest the 
modification; except that, where safety of life or property is 
involved, a shorter period of notice may be provided. Any protest 
by a licensee of an FCC orderof modificaiton will be handled in 
accordlance with the provisions of 47 U.S.C. S 316.
     S 97.27 Replacement license.
     Each licensee or permittee whose original document is lost, 
mutilated or destroyed must request a replacement. The request 
must be made to: FCC, P.O. Box 1020, gettysburg, PA 17326. A 
statement of how the document was lost, mutilated or destroyed 
must be attached to the request. A replacement license must bear 
the same expiration date as the license that it replaces.

 


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