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TUCoPS :: Radio :: aerossb.txt

Aeronautic ssb transmission summary




AERONAUTICAL COMMUNICATIONS
________________________________________________________
An online reference source
Compiled by Al Quaglieri, NN2U




AERO COMMUNICATIONS:

All commercial carriers navigate established flyways in the sky.
Although invisible to the eye, these air routes, defined by
geographical coordinates, are much the same as automobile
highways. At predetermined positions along these flyways,
aircraft are required to report in to a ground station. Those
stations involved primarily with domestic or regional flights are
designated "Flight Service Stations." The long range route
stations are called "International Flight Service Stations." each
of these FSS or IFSS air traffic control (ATC) facilities have
geographical boundaries assigned to them, creating Major World
Air Route Areas. Any aircraft flying within or through a MWARA
must establish a "guard" with that ground facility.
     The bulk of traffic you hear on the HF aero frequencies
concerns the air route progress of an aircraft, while on a
particular flyway. Normally, the data passed consists of:
position, time at position, next estimated position, time of
arrival at next estimated position, and flight level. During
"guard" changes, the pre-filed flight plan information is given.
This includes departure point/time, destination, and estimated
time of arrival. It is therefore a simple task for an aircraft
buff to chart the progress of a particular airliner from the
comfort of an easy chair.
     As established by international agreement, on all
intercontinental oceanic air routes, the mandatory communicative
language is English. This does not preclude communications in a
language common to both the aircraft and the ground station, such
as French between Air France and Papeete, or Spanish between
AeroMexico and Bogota.

AIRLINE ID's: Most use their company names, i.e. Air France,
Quantas, United, etc. Several airline companies have their own
personalized callsigns:
     CLIPPER - Pan American World Airways
     SABENA - Belgian World Airlines
     SPEEDBIRD - British Airways
     SPRINGBOK - South African Airways

FREQUENCY USAGE: En route aircraft, regardless of their position,
are rarely ever more than a few thousand miles from the nearest
ground station. Thus, there exists little reason for the
establishment of long-distance ground-to-air HF comm circuits.
This means the selection of frequencies or bands which will
propagate either directly or within one hop from the ground
station to the aircraft. As a rule of thumb, most comms will
occur on the lowest available frequency that can be used at any
particular hour, local time. For example, New York might easily
communicate with an aircraft in the mid-Atlantic on a frequency
of 13306 kHz during midday, EST; as sunset approaches, the same
path would use 8825 kHz; and when both the aircraft and New York
are in total darkness, the best frequency would be 5598 kHz or
even 3016 kHz. Using another example of an aircraft flying over
the South China Sea, in communication with Hong Kong ground
station: at 1200 hours Hong Kong time (0400 UTC or 2300 EST),
comms might use 13300 kHz; by 1900 HKT (1100 UTC or 0600 EST),
they may move down to 8903 or 6562 kHz; and by 0000 HKT (1600 UTC
or 1100 EST) they might go down as far as 4666 or 2998 kHz.
     You can see from the above that frequencies are selected for
best regional coverage, not for long-distance reception. Combine
this with the low transmitting power used by these stations, and
you have a real DX'ing challenge. Hearing aero stations from more
than 8000 miles distant isn't impossible..it just seems that way!


SELCAL, MODES, ETC.: You will often hear aircraft call in for
"Selcal check", followed by a phonetic identifier. The ground
station punches these phonetic calls into a tone-generating
device and then transmits two double tones back to the aircraft.
This is to test the SELective CALling system used by major
airlines, wherein each aircraft is assigned its own unique tone
code; a squelch device connected to the craft's radio mutes all
radio communications until it detects that craft's own SELCAL
tones; then it turns the receiver audio on and alerts the cockpit
of an incoming message. Without using SELCAL, the flight crew
would have to actively monitor HF aero frequencies continuously,
which would be a great distraction as well as a major chore.
     Most airborne stations, and all ground stations, transmit
using Single Sideband, or SSB mode (although some antiquated
aircraft still use AM transmission). Thus, you will need a
receiver equipped to hear SSB signals, i.e. one with a BFO or an
SSB switch for product detection. The bulk of aero comms are in
upper sideband, or USB. Reception of this mode requires a certain
degree of receiver stability; on older or cheaper sets, you will
need to re-tune periodically to maintain received
intelligibility.
     Both ground stations and aircraft have decent records of
verifying reception reports, usually by letter or reporter-
prepared postcard. Remember it is illegal to repeat any portion
of the monitored communication, so your report should simply
state something like, "I heard your ground station in contact
with AirFrance 352..," and NOT "You asked the pilot for his next
position and he replied with his geographical coordinates."
Incidentally, this is a good way to score QSL's from many
countries which lack shortwave broadcasting facilities or are
otherwise rare catches (see the list at the end). Addresses for
the airlines and the ground stations are too numerous to include
here, but are available in book form from most major shortwave
suppliers.



THE WORLD'S COMMERCIAL AERONAUTICAL FREQUENCIES
________________________________________________

2298.0    Gander
2648.0    Alaska
2851.0    (R) AFI-4, NCA-2, equip test
2854.0    SAT-1/2
2866.0    Alaska
2869.0    CEP-5
2872.0    NAT
2875.0    Domestic HF, oil rig air support, AK
2878.0    AFI-4
2887.0    E-CAR
2899.0    NAT-B/C
2911.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
2932.0    NP-3/4
2935.0    SAT
2944.0    NW/SW-SAM, MID-3
2956.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
2962.0    NAT-B/C
2971.0    NAT-D
2992.0    MID-1
2998.0    CWP-1/2
3004.0    NCA-3, equip test
3016.0    NAT-A, EA-1
3019.0    NCA-1, oil rig air support, AK
3023.0    Search and rescue
3281.0    Lighter-than-air craft, flight test
3413.0    CEP-5
3419.0    AFI-2
3425.0    (R) AFI-5, SP-9
3434.0    Domestic HF, oil rig air, AK
3443.0    Aero equip test
3449.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
3452.0    AFI-1, SAT-1/2
3455.0    W-CAR
3467.0    AFI-3, MID-2, SP-6/7
3470.0    SEA-1/3, Alaska
3473.0    MID
3476.0    INO-1
3479.0    C/SE/NE-SAM, EUR-1
3485.0    SEA-2, EA-2
3491.0    EA
4125.0    Distress/safety w/coast stns
4550.0    Gulf of Mexico
4645.0    Alaska
4657.0    (R) AFI-5
4666.0    CWP-1/2
4669.0    NW/SW-SAM, MID-3
4672.0    Domestic HF, oil rig air, AK
4675.0    NAT-D
4678.0    NCA-2
4947.5    Alaska
5036.0    Gulf of Mexico
5122.5    Alaska
5167.5    Alaska emergency
5310.0    Alaska
5451.0    Aero equip test
5463.0    Domestic HF, oil rig air, AK
5469.0    Aero equip test
5472.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
5484.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
5490.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
5493.0    AFI-4
5496.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
5508.0    Domestic HF, oil rig air, AK
5520.0    W-CAR
5526.0    C/NE/SE-SAM
5547.0    CEP-5
5550.0    E-CAR
5559.0    SP
5565.0    SAT-1/2
5571.0    Aero equip test
5574.0    CEP-5
5598.0    NAT-A
5616.0    NAT-B/C
5628.0    NP-3/4
5631.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
5634.0    INO-1
5643.0    SP-6/7
5646.0    NCA-1
5649.0    NAT-B/C, SEA-2
5652.0    AFI-2, CWP-1/2, (R) AFI-2
5655.0    EA-1, SEA-2
5658.0    AFI-3, MID-2
5661.0    EUR-A
5664.0    NCA-3
5667.0    MID-1
5670.0    EA
5680.0    Search and rescue
5887.5    Alaska
6532.0    CWP-1/2
6535.0    AFI-1
6550.0    Aero equip test
6553.0    (R) SP-9
6556.0    SEA-1/3
6559.0    (R) AFI-4
6562.0    CWP-1/2
6571.0    EA-1
6574.0    (R) AFI-3
6577.0    E-CAR
6580.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
6586.0    (R) AFI-4, W-CAR
6592.0    NCA-2
6598.0    EUR-A
6604.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
6622.0    NAT
6625.0    MID
6628.0    NAT
6631.0    MID
6649.0    NW/SW-SAM
6655.0    NP
6661.0    NP
6673.0    (R) AFI-1
8015.0    Alaska
8364.0    Search and rescue
8822.0    Aero equip test
8825.0    NAT-A
8831.0    NAT
8837.0    Ben Gurion
8843.0    CEP-5
8846.0    (R) SP-9, W-CAR
8855.0    C/NE/SE-SAM, Alaska
8861.0    AFI-1, SAT-1/2
8864.0    NAT-B/C
8867.0    SP-6/7
8870.0    (R) AFI-3
8873.0    (R) AFI-4
8876.0    Domestic HF, Alaska
8879.0    INO-1, NAT-B/C, (R) AFI-5
8888.0    (R) AFI-4
8891.0    NAT-D
8894.0    AFI-2, (R) AFI-2
8896.5    PERU: Iquitos/Lima/Talara/Tarapoto/Trujillo/Cuzco/
          Chiclay/Yurimaguas/Callao
8897.0    EA-1
8903.0    AFI-4, CWP-1/2
8906.0    NAT
8918.0    E-CAR, MID-1
8938.5    San Jose/San Andres/Medellin/Guatemala City/Bogota
          /Barranquilla
8942.0    SEA-2
8951.0    MID-3
10018.0   MID-2
10024.0   NW/SW-SAM
10039.0   NCA-3
10042.0   EA
10045.0   Aero equip test
10048.0   NP-3/4
10057.0   CEP
10066.0   SEA-1
10081.0   CWP
10084.0   EUR-A
10096.0   C/NE/SE-SAM, NCA-2
11279.0   NAT-D
11282.0   CEP-5
11288.0   Aero equip test
11291.0   SAT-1/2
11300.0   AFI-3
11306.0   Portishead/Lima/Panama, equip test
11309.0   NAT
11327.0   SP
11330.0   AFI, NP
11336.0   NAT
11339.0   (R) SP-9
11357.0   Domestic HF, Alaska
11360.0   NW/SW-SAM
11363.0   Domestic HF, Alaska
11375.0   MID-3
11384.0   CWP-1/2
11387.0   E-CAR
11396.0   SEA-2/3, EA-2, W-CAR
13273.0   AFI-2
13288.0   AFI-3, EUR-A, MID-2
13291.0   NAT-B/C/D
13294.0   AFI-4
13297.0   C/NE/SE-SAM, EA-1, E/W-CAR
13300.0   SP-6/7, CEP-5, CWP-1/2, NP-3/4
13303.0   NCA-3
13306.0   INO-1, NAT-A/B/C
13309.0   SEA-2, EA-2
13312.0   MID-1, equip test
13315.0   NCA-1, SAT-1/2
13318.0   SEA-1/3
13357.0   AFI-1, SAT-1/2
15024.0   Havana/Moscow (in CW)
17904.0   SP-6/7, CEP-5, CWP-1/2, NP-3/4
17907.0   C/NE/NW/SE/SW-SAM, E/W-CAR, EA-2
17946.0   NAT-A/B/C/D
17955.0   AFI-1, SAT-1/2
17958.0   NCA-1/2/3
17961.0   AFI-2/3/4, INO-1, EUR-A, MID-3
17964.0   Aero equip test
21931.0   Aero equip test



MAJOR WORLD ROUTE AREAS (as abbreviated above)
AFI-1
ABIDJAN, Cote d'Ivoire
BAMAKO, Mali
BOBO DIOULASSO, Burkina Faso
BOUAKE, Cote d'Ivoire
CASABLANCA, Morocco
CONAKRY, Guinea
FREETOWN, Sierra Leone
LISBON, Portugal
MONROVIA, Liberia
NIAMEY, Niger
NOUADHIBOU, Mauritania
OUAGADOUGOU, Burkina Faso

AFI-2
ALGIERS, Algeria
GAO, Mali
GHARDAIA, Algeria
IN AMENAS, Algeria
KANO, Nigeria
N'DJAMENA, Chad
NIAMEY, Niger
TAMANRASSET, Algeria
TRIPOLI, Libya
TUNIS, Tunisia

AFI-3
ADEN, D.R. Yemen
ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia
ASMARA, Ethiopia
BENGHAZI, Libya
BOMBAY, India
BUJUMBURA, Burundi
CAIRO, Egypt
COCOS ISLAND
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka
DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania
DJIBOUTI, Djibouti
ENTEBBE, Uganda
HARGEISA, Somalia
JEDDAH, Saudi Arabia
KHARTOUM, Sudan
KIGALI, Rwanda
KISIMAYU, Somalia
MOGADISHU, Somalia
NAIROBI, Kenya
TRIPOLI, Libya

AFI-4
ACCRA, Ghana
BANGUI, Central African Republic
BRAZZAVILLE, Congo
BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe
COTONOU, Benin
DOUALA, Cameroon
ENTEBBE, Uganda
FRANCEVILLE, Gabon
FRANCISTOWN, Botswana
GAROUA, Cameroon
GOMA, Zaire
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
KANO, Nigeria
KINSHASA, Zaire
KISANGANI, Zaire
LAGOS, Nigeria
LIBREVILLE, Gabon
LOME, Togo
LUANDA, Angola
LUMBUMBASHI, Zaire
LUSAKA, Zaire
MAROUA, Cameroon
MASERU, Lesotho
NAIROBI, Kenya
N'DJAMENA, Chad
N'DJILI, Zaire
NIAMTOUGOU, Togo
PORT GENTIL, Gabon
SALISBURY, Zimbabwe
SAO TOME, Sao Tome e Principe
WINDHOEK, South West Africa
YAOUNDE, Cameroon

E-CAR
BARCELONA, Venezuela
BARRANQUILLA, Colombia
CARACAS, Venezuela
CAYENNE, French Guiana
CURACAO, Netherlands Antilles
GEORGETOWN, Guyana
HAVANA, Cuba
KINGSTON, Jamaica
MARACAIBO, Venezuela
NEW YORK, USA
PANAMA, Panama
PARAMARIBO, Surinam
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad
SAN ANDRES ISLAND (Colombia)
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Cuba
SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic

W-CAR
GUATEMALA CITY, Guatemala
HAVANA, Cuba
KINGSTON, Jamaica
MERIDA, Mexico
NEW YORK, USA
PANAMA, Panama
SAN ANDRES ISLAND (Colombia)
SANTIAGO DE CUBA, Cuba
TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras

CEP-5
HONOLULU, Hawaii
SAN FRANCISCO, USA

CWP-1
CANTON, PR China
HONG KONG, Hong Kong
MANILA, Philippines
NAHA, Okinawa
BEIJING, PR China
PORT MORESBY, Papua New Guinea
PYONGYANG, North Korea
SEOUL, South Korea
SHANGHAI, PR China
TOKYO, Japan

CWP-2
GUAM, Guam
HONOLULU, Hawaii
MANILA, Philippines
NAHA, Okinawa
PORT MORESBY, Papua New Guinea
TOKYO, Japan

EA-1
CANTON, PR China
IRKUTSK, USSR
KUNMING, PR China
LANZHOU, PR China
BEIJING, PR China
PYONGYANG, North Korea
SHANGHAI, PR China
SHENYANG, PR China
ULAN BATOR, Mongolia
URUMCHI, PR China
WUHAN, PR China

EA-2
IRKUTSK, USSR
PYONGYANG, North Korea
ULAN BATOR, Mongolia

EUR-A
ARAD, Romania
ARKHANGELSK, USSR
ATHENS, Greece
BEIRUT, Lebanon
BERLIN, Federal Republic of Germany
BERLIN, German Democratic Republic
BUCHAREST, Romania
BUDAPEST, Hungary
CAIRO, Egypt
ISTANBUL, Turkey
KIEV, USSR
LENINGRAD, USSR
LVOV, USSR
MINSK, USSR
MOSCOW, USSR
MURMANSK, USSR
NICOSIA, Cyprus
ODESSA, USSR
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia
RIGA, USSR
ROME, Italy
SIMFEROPOL, USSR
SOFIA, Bulgaria
SYKTYVKAR, USSR
TEL AVIV, Israel
TUNIS, Tunisia
VALETTA, Malta
VELIKIYE LUKI, USSR
VILNIUS, USSR
VOLOGDA, USSR

INO-1
ANTANARIVO, Madagascar
BEIRA, Mozambique
BLANTYRE, Malawi
BOMBAY, India
COCOS ISLAND
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
LUSAKA, Zaire
MALE, Seychelles
MANZINI, Swaziland
MAPUTO, Mozambique
MORONI, Comoros
NAIROBI, Kenya
PERTH, Australia
PORT LOUIS, Mauritius
SAINT DENIS, Reunion
SALISBURY, Zimbabwe
TAMATAVE, Madagascar

MID-1
AMMAN, Jordan
ANKARA, Turkey
BAGHDAD, Iraq
CAIRO, Egypt
DAMASCUS, Syria
JEDDAH, Saudi Arabia
KUWAIT, Kuwait
MANAMA, Bahrain
ODESSA, USSR
SIMFEROPOL, USSR
TEHRAN, Iran
TBLISI, USSR
YEREVAN, USSR

MID-2
ABADAN, Iran
ALMA ATA, USSR
BOMBAY, India
CALCUTTA, India
DUSHANBE, USSR
FRUNZE, USSR
KANDAHAR, Afghanistan
KARACHI, Pakistan
KATHMANDU, Nepal
KUWAIT, Kuwait
LAHORE, Pakistan
MANAMA, Bahrain
NEW DELHI, India
ODESSA, USSR
SAMARKAND, USSR
SIMFEROPOL, USSR
TASHKENT, USSR
TEHRAN, Iran
TBLISI, USSR
URUMCHI, PR China
YEREVAN, USSR

MID-3
AKTYUBINSK, USSR
ALMA ATA, USSR
DUSHANBE, USSR
FRUNZE, USSR
KUYBYSHEV, USSR
KZYL-ORDA, USSR
MOSCOW, USSR
SAMARKAND, USSR
TASHKENT, USSR
URANSK, USSR
YEREVAN, USSR

NAT-A
GANDER, Canada
LISBON, Portugal
NEW YORK, USA
PARAMARIBO, Surinam
SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico
SANTA MARIA, Azores
SHANNON/SHANWICK, Ireland

NAT-B/C
GANDER, Canada
NEW YORK, USA
REYKJAVIK, Iceland
SANTA MARIA, Azores
SHANNON/SHANWICK, Ireland

NAT-D
BODO, Norway
CAMBRIDGE BAY, Canada
CHURCHILL, Canada
FROBISHER BAY, Canada
GANDER, Canada
REYKJAVIK, Iceland
SHANNON/SHANWICK, Ireland
SONDRE-STROMFJORD, Greenland

NCA-1
IVDEL, USSR
KHANTY MANSIYSK, USSR
MOSCOW, USSR
SYKTYVKAR, USSR
SVERDLOVSK, USSR
VOLOGDA, USSR

NCA-2
BARNAUL, USSR
IRKUTSK, USSR
KHANTY MANSIYSK, USSR
KIRENSK, USSR
KOLPASHEVO, USSR
KRASNOYARSK, USSR
NOVOSIBIRSK, USSR
PODKAMENNAYA, USSR
SURGUT, USSR
YENISEYSK, USSR

NCA-3
CHITA, USSR
CHULMAN, USSR
EKIMCHAN, USSR
IRKUTSK, USSR
KIRENSK, USSR
KHABAROVSK, USSR
PYONGYANG, North Korea
ULAN BATOR, Mongolia
ULAN UDE, USSR

NP-3
ANCHORAGE, Alaska
COLD BAY, Alaska
KHABAROVSK, USSR
BEIJING, PR China
SHANGHAI, PR China
TOKYO, Japan

NP-4
ANCHORAGE, Alaska
COLD BAY, Alaska

C-SAM
BELEM, Brasil
BOGOTA, Colombia
BRASILIA, Brazil
IQUITOS, Peru
LETICIA, Colombia
MANAUS, Brazil
PORTO VELHO, Brazil

NE-SAM
BELEM, Brazil
CARACAS, Venezuela
CAYENNE, French Guiana
GEORGETOWN, Guyana
PARAMARIBO, Surinam
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad

NW-SAM
BOGOTA, Colombia
CALI, Colombia
CHICLAYO, Peru
GUAYAQQUIL, Ecuador
IQUITOS, Peru
LETICIA, Colombia
LIMA, Peru
PANAMA, Panama
QUITO, Ecuador

SE-SAM
ASUNCION, Paraguay
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina
CAMPO GRANDE, Brazil
LA PAZ, Bolivia
MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay
PORTO ALEGRE, Brazil
SANTA CRUZ, Bolivia

SW-SAM
ANTOFAGASTA, Chile
ARICA, Chile
ASUNCION, Paraguay
BUENOS AIRES, Argentina
CORDOBA, Argentina
ISLA DE PASCUA (Easter Isl.), Chile
LA PAZ, Bolivia
LIMA, Peru
MENDOZA, Argentina
MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay
PUERTO MONTT, Chile
PUNTA ARENAS, Chile
RESISTENCIA, Argentina
SALTA, Argentina
SANTA CRUZ, Bolivia
SANTIAGO, Chile

SAT-1/2
BRASILIA, Brazil
DAKAR, Senegal
LAS PALMAS, Canary Islands
RECIFE, Brasil
SAL, Cape Verde

SEA-1
BANGKOK, Thailand
BOMBAY, India
CALCUTTA, India
COCOS ISLAND
COLOMBO, Sri Lanka
DACCA, Bangladesh
JAKARTA, Indonesia
KATHMANDU, Nepal
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia
MADRAS, India
MALE, Maldives
NEW DELHI, India
RANGOON, Burma
SINGAPORE

SEA-2
CANTON, PR China
HANOI, Vietnam
HO CHI MINH VILLE, Vietnam
HONG KONG
KOTA KINABALU, Malaysia
KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia
KUNMING, PR China
MANILA, Philippines
PHNOM PENH, Kampuchea
SINGAPORE
VIENTIANE, Laos

SEA-3
DARWIN, Australia
DENPASSAR, Indonesia
JAKARTA, Indonesia
PERTH, Australia
SINGAPORE
UJUNG PANDANG, Indonesia

SP-6
AUCKLAND, New Zealand
NANDI, Fiji
SYDNEY, Australia

SP-7
ALOFI, Nieu
APIA, Western Samoa
BORA BORA, French Polynesia
FUNAFUTI, Tuvalu
HONOLULU, Hawaii
NANDI, Fiji
NAURU, Nauru
NOUMEA, New Caledonia
PAGO PAGO, American Samoa
PORT VILA, Vanuatu
RANGIROA, French Polynesia
RARATONGA, Cook Islands
TAHITI, French Polynesia
TARAWA, Kiribati
TONGATAPU, Tonga
WALLIS, Wallis & Futuna

SP-9
ALOFI, Nieu
APIA, Western Samoa
FUNAFUTI, Tuvalu
NAURU, Nauru
NOUMEA, New Caledonia
PORT VILA, Vanuatu
RARATONGA, Cook Islands
TARAWA, Kiribati
TONGATAPU, Tonga
WALLIS, Wallis & Futuna

Occasionally, an airport or alternate name will be used instead
of the city ID. here are some alternate ID's:

AGANA - Guam
AGUENNAR - Tamanrasset, Algeria
ALGER - Algiers, Algeria
AMBOULI - Djibouti
ANFA - Casablanca, Morocco
BANDARANAIKE - Colombo, Sri Lanka
BAUER - Port Vila, Vanuatu
BELAS - Luanda, Angola
BEN GURION - Tel Aviv, Israel
BOLE - Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
BOYEROS - Havana, Cuba
CADJEHON - Cotonou, Benin
CANARIAS - Las Palmas, Canary Islands
CARRASCO - Montevideo, Uruguay
CARTHAGE - Tunis, Tunisia
CHILEKA - Blantyre, Malawi
DR. ALBERT PLESMAN - Curacao, Neth. Antilles
DUM DUM - Calcutta, India
EL DORADO - Bogota, Colombia
ERNESTO CORTISSOZ - Barranquilla, Colombia
ESENBOGA - Ankara, Turkey
EZEIZA - Buenos Aires, Argentina
FORT LAMY - N'Djamena, Chad
GUARARAPES - Recife, Brasil
JACKSON - Port Moresby, PNG
JAN SMUTS - Johannesburg, South Africa
JOMO KENYATTA - Nairobi, Kenya
JORGE CHAVEZ - Lima, Peru
JOSE MARTI - Havana, Cuba
KAI TAK - Hong Kong
KEFLAVIK - Reykjavik, Iceland
KHALDE - Beirut, Lebanon
KHORMAKSAR - Aden, D.R. Yemen
KIMPO - Seoul, South Korea
KOTOKA - Accra, Ghana
LA AURORA - Guatemala City, Guatemala
LA CHINITA - Maracaibo, Venezuela
LA TONTOUTA - Noumea, New Caledonia
LAS AMERICAS - Santo Domingo, D.R.
LISBOA - Lisbon, Portugal
LUNGI - Freetown, Sierra Leone
LUQA - Valletta, Malta
MAIQUETIA - Caracas, Venezuela
MARISCAL SUCRE - Quito, Ecuador
MATAVERI - Easter Island, Chile
MAVALNE - Maputo, Mozambique
MEHRABAD - Tehran, Iran
MINGALADON - Rangoon, Burma
MUHARRAQ - Manama, Bahrain
MURTALA MUHAMMED - Lagos, Nigeria
NORMAN MANLEY - Kingston, Jamaica
PAPEETE/FAAA - Tahiti, Fr. Polynesia
PIARCO - Port of Spain, Trinidad
PLAISANCE - Port Louis, Mauritius
PONTA PELADA - Manaus, Brasil
PORT BOUET - Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire
PRESIDENTE STROESSNER - Asuncion, Paraguay
ROBERTS - Monrovia, Liberia
ROCHAMBEAU - Cayenne, Fr. Guiana
SALAZAR - Sao Tome
SCHONEFELD - Berlin, GDR
SHEREMETIEVO - Moscow, USSR
SIMON BOLIVAR - Guayaquil, Ecuador
TEGEL - Berlin, FRG
TEZGAON - Dacca, Bangladesh
TIMEHRI - Georgetown, Guyana
TOCUMEN - Panama
TOKOIN - Lome, Togo
TONCONTIN - Tegucigalpa, Honduras
VAL DE CAES - Belem, Brazil
YESILKOY - Istanbul, Turkey
YOFF - Dakar, Senegal
YOHANNES - Asmara, Ethiopia
ZANDERIJ - Paramaribo, Surinam
ZARZAITINE - In Amenas, Algeria


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