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TUCoPS :: Crypto :: yeltsinb.txt

Translation of Boris Yeltsin's decree banning crypto in Russia




>From: ldetweil@teal.csn.org (L.Detweiler)
>Newsgroups: alt.security.pgp,talk.politics.crypto,sci.crypt,alt.politics.datahighway
>Subject: YELSIN BANS CRYPTO
>Date: 22 Apr 1995 01:20:40 GMT
>Message-ID: <3n9ll8$s88@news-2.csn.net>
>
>
>To: cypherpunks@toad.com
>Subject: English translation of Yeltsin's decree banning cryptography in Russia
>From: dlv@bwalk.dm.com (Dr. Dimitri Vulis)
>Date: Thu, 20 Apr 95 22:38:03 EDT

I've recently received from Igor Semenyuk a file that purports to be President
Yeltsin's decree forbidding the use of cryptography in the Russian Federation.
My English translation thereof is interspersed with the original Russian text
(coded in KOI-7, prefixed with >'s).

>iSTO^NIK
>    "rOSSIJSKAQ GAZETA", N 68, 06.04.95

Source:
   _Rossiyskaya Gazeta_ #68, April 6, 1995.

>sTATUS DOKUMENTA
>    dejstwuet

Document status:
   IN FORCE

>tEKST DOKUMENTA

Document text:

>                      prezident rossijskoj federacii

                 THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

>                                   ukaz
>                        OT 3 APRELQ 1995 G. N 334

                                 DECREE
                         of April 3, 1995, #334

>                o merah po sobl`deni` zakonnosti w oblasti
>           razrabotki, proizwodstwa, realizacii i |kspluatacii
>               {ifrowalxnyh sredstw, a takve predostawleniq
>                  uslug w oblasti {ifrowaniq informacii

               ON MEASURES TO OBSERVE LEGALITY IN THE AREA
        OF DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, IMPLEMENTATION AND OPERATION
             OF ENCRYPTION FACILITIES, AS WELL AS PROVISION OF
                 SERVICES IN THE AREA OF DATA ENCRYPTION

>        w CELQH  OBESPE^ENIQ BEZUSLOWNOGO ISPOLNENIQ zAKONA rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII  "o  FEDERALXNYH  ORGANAH  PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ   SWQZI   I
>    INFORMACII",    A   TAKVE   USILENIQ   BORXBY   S   ORGANIZOWANNOJ
>    PRESTUPNOSTX@   I   POWY[ENIQ   ZA]I]ENNOSTI    INFORMACIONNO    -
>    TELEKOMMUNIKACIONNYH   SISTEM   ORGANOW   GOSUDARSTWENNOJ  WLASTI,
>    ROSSIJSKIH KREDITNO-FINANSOWYH STRUKTUR, PREDPRIQTIJ I ORGANIZACIJ
>    POSTANOWLQ@:

   For the purposes of assuring definite compliance with the Russian
   Federation Law "On Federal Structures of Government Communication
   and Information", as well as intensifying the struggle against
   organized crime and increasing the security of the information and
   telecommunication systems used by the state bodies, Russia's credit
   and financial structures, enterprises and organizations, I decree:

>        1. pRIDATX      pROGRAMME      SOZDANIQ       I       RAZWITIQ
>    INFORMACIONNO-TELEKOMMUNIKACIONNOJ SISTEMY SPECIALXNOGO NAZNA^ENIQ
>    W INTERESAH ORGANOW GOSUDARSTWENNOJ  WLASTI  STATUS  PREZIDENTSKOJ
>    PROGRAMMY.  cENTRU PREZIDENTSKIH PROGRAMM aDMINISTRACII pREZIDENTA
>    rOSSIJSKOJ   fEDERACII   SOWMESTNO   S   fEDERALXNYM    AGENTSTWOM
>    PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ  SWQZI  I  INFORMACII  PRI pREZIDENTE rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII OBESPE^ITX EE DORABOTKU I REALIZACI@.

   The program of creation and development of the special-purpose
   information and telecommunications system in the interests of state
   bodies is to be given the status of Presidential Program. The
   Center for Presidential Programs of the Administration of the
   President of the Russian Federation together with the Federal
   Agency for Governmental Communications and Information of the
   President of the Russian Federation are to ensure its updating and
   implementation.

>        2. zAPRETITX  ISPOLXZOWANIE  GOSUDARSTWENNYMI  ORGANIZACIQMI I
>    PREDPRIQTIQMI   W   INFORMACIONNO-TELEKOMMUNIKACIONNYH    SISTEMAH
>    [IFROWALXNYH    SREDSTW,    WKL@^AQ   KRIPTOGRAFI^ESKIE   SREDSTWA
>    OBESPE^ENIQ  PODLINNOSTI  INFORMACII  (\LEKTRONNAQ   PODPISX),   I
>    ZA]I]ENNYH  TEHNI^ESKIH  SREDSTW  HRANENIQ,  OBRABOTKI  I PEREDA^I
>    INFORMACII,  NE   IME@]IH   SERTIFIKATA   fEDERALXNOGO   AGENTSTWA
>    PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ  SWQZI  I  INFORMACII  PRI pREZIDENTE rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII,  A  TAKVE   RAZME]ENIE   GOSUDARSTWENNYH   ZAKAZOW   NA
>    PREDPRIQTIQH, W ORGANIZACIQH, ISPOLXZU@]IH UKAZANNYE TEHNI^ESKIE I
>    [IFROWALXNYE  SREDSTWA,  NE   IME@]IE   SERTIFIKATA   fEDERALXNOGO
>    AGENTSTWA  PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ  SWQZI  I  INFORMACII  PRI pREZIDENTE
>    rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII.

   Prohibit the use of encryption facilities in information and
   telecommunications systems by state organizations and enterprises,
   including cryptographic facilities for ensuring information
   authenticity (digital signature), and shielded(?) equipment for
   information storage, processing and transmission, unless such
   facilities have a certificate of the Federal Agency for Government
   Communications and Information of the President of the Russian
   federation, as well as prohibit the placement of state orders with
   enterprises and organizations using such equipment and encryption
   facilities not having a certificate of the Federal Agency for
   Government Communications and Information of the President of the
   Russian Federation.

>        3. pREDLOVITX   cENTRALXNOMU   BANKU  rOSSIJSKOJ  fEDERACII  I
>    fEDERALXNOMU AGENTSTWU PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI  I  INFORMACII  PRI
>    pREZIDENTE   rOSSIJSKOJ   fEDERACII  PRINQTX  NEOBHODIMYE  MERY  W
>    OTNO[ENII KOMMER^ESKIH BANKOW rOSSIJSKOJ  fEDERACII,  UKLONQ@]IHSQ
>    OT  OBQZATELXNOGO  ISPOLXZOWANIQ  IME@]IH  SERTIFIKAT fEDERALXNOGO
>    AGENTSTWA PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ  SWQZI  I  INFORMACII  PRI  pREZIDENTE
>    rOSSIJSKOJ  fEDERACII  ZA]I]ENNYH  TEHNI^ESKIH  SREDSTW  HRANENIQ,
>    OBRABOTKI   I   PEREDA^I   INFORMACII   PRI   IH    INFORMACIONNOM
>    WZAIMODEJSTWII  S  PODRAZDELENIQMI  cENTRALXNOGO  BANKA rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII.

   Require the Central Bank of the Russian Federation and the Federal
   Agency for Government Communications and Information of the
   President of the Russian Federation to take the necessary measures
   against the commercial banks of the Russian Federation that evade
   the required use of shielded(?) equipment for information storage,
   processing and transmission having a certificate of the Federal
   Agency for Government Communications and Information of the
   President of the Russian Federation during their information
   exchanges with divisions of the Central Bank of the Russian
   Federation.

>        4. w    INTERESAH   INFORMACIONNOJ   BEZOPASNOSTI   rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII  I  USILENIQ  BORXBY  S   ORGANIZOWANNOJ   PRESTUPNOSTX@
>    ZAPRETITX  DEQTELXNOSTX @RIDI^ESKIH I FIZI^ESKIH LIC,  SWQZANNU@ S
>    RAZRABOTKOJ,   PROIZWODSTWOM,    REALIZACIEJ    I    \KSPLUATACIEJ
>    [IFROWALXNYH  SREDSTW,  A  TAKVE  ZA]I]ENNYH  TEHNI^ESKIH  SREDSTW
>    HRANENIQ, OBRABOTKI I PEREDA^I INFORMACII, PREDOSTAWLENIEM USLUG W
>    OBLASTI [IFROWANIQ INFORMACII,  BEZ LICENZIJ, WYDANNYH fEDERALXNYM
>    AGENTSTWOM PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI  I  INFORMACII  PRI  pREZIDENTE
>    rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII W SOOTWETSTWII S zAKONOM rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII
>    "o FEDERALXNYH ORGANAH PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI I INFORMACII".

   In the interests of the information security of the Russian
   Federation and intensifying the struggle against organized crime,
   prohibit the activity of legal and physical persons connected to
   the development, production, implementation and operations of
   encryption facilities, as well as shielded(?) equipment for
   information storage, processing and transmission, without linceses
   issued by the Federal Agency for Government Communications and
   Information of the President of the Russian Federation in
   accordance with the Russian Federation Law "On Federal Structures
   of Government Communication and Information".

   [Note: legal person = organization]

>        5. gOSUDARSTWENNOMU  TAMOVENNOMU KOMITETU rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII
>    PRINQTX  MERY  K  NEDOPU]ENI@  WWOZA  NA   TERRITORI@   rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII   [IFROWALXNYH  SREDSTW  INOSTRANNOGO  PROIZWODSTWA  BEZ
>    LICENZII  mINISTERSTWA  WNE[NIH  \KONOMI^ESKIH  SWQZEJ  rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII,  WYDANNOJ  PO  SOGLASOWANI@  S  fEDERALXNYM  AGENTSTWOM
>    PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI I  INFORMACII  PRI  pREZIDENTE  rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII.

   The State Customs Committee of the Russian Federation is to take
   measures for banning the importation to the territory of the
   Russian Federation of encryption facilities manufactured abroad
   without a licence of the Ministry of External Economic Ties of the
   Russian Federation issued in coordination with the Federal Agency
   for Government Communications and Information of the President of
   the Russian Federation.

>        6. fEDERALXNOJ SLUVBE  KONTRRAZWEDKI  rOSSIJSKOJ  fEDERACII  I
>    mINISTERSTWU  WNUTRENNIH  DEL  rOSSIJSKOJ  fEDERACII  SOWMESTNO  S
>    fEDERALXNYM AGENTSTWOM PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI  I  INFORMACII  PRI
>    pREZIDENTE rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII, gOSUDARSTWENNOJ NALOGOWOJ SLUVBOJ
>    rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII I dEPARTAMENTOM NALOGOWOJ POLICII  rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII  OSU]ESTWLQTX  WYQWLENIE  @RIDI^ESKIH  I FIZI^ESKIH LIC,
>    NARU[A@]IH TREBOWANIQ NASTOQ]EGO uKAZA.

   The Federal Counterintelligence Service of the Russian Federation
   and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation
   together with the Federal Agency for Government Communications and
   Information of the President of the Russian Federation, the State
   Taxation Service of the Russian Federation, and the Department of
   Taxation Police of the Russian Federation implement the
   identification of the legal and physical persons violating the
   requiements of this Decree.

>        7. pREDLOVITX  gENERALXNOJ  PROKURATURE  rOSSIJSKOJ  fEDERACII
>    USILITX  PROKURORSKIJ  NADZOR  ZA  SOBL@DENIEM  zAKONA  rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII   "o   FEDERALXNYH  ORGANAH  PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ  SWQZI  I
>    INFORMACII"  W  ^ASTI  RAZRABOTKI,  PROIZWODSTWA,   REALIZACII   I
>    \KSPLUATACII [IFROWALXNYH SREDSTW,  A TAKVE PREDOSTAWLENIQ USLUG W
>    OBLASTI [IFROWANIQ INFORMACII W rOSSIJSKOJ  fEDERACII,  PODLEVA]IH
>    LICENZIROWANI@     I     SERTIFIKACII    fEDERALXNYM    AGENTSTWOM
>    PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI I  INFORMACII  PRI  pREZIDENTE  rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII.

   Reqire the Prosecutor General of the Russian Federation to
   strengthen the enforcement of compliance with the Russian
   Federation Law "On Federal Structures of Government Communication
   and Information" with respect to the development, production,
   implementation and use of encryption facilities, as well as to the
   provision of services in the area of data encryption in the
   Russian Federation that are subject to licensing and certification
   by the Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information
   of the President of the Russian Federation.

>        8. sOZDATX fEDERALXNYJ CENTR ZA]ITY  \KONOMI^ESKOJ  INFORMACII
>    PRI fEDERALXNOM AGENTSTWE PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI I INFORMACII PRI
>    pREZIDENTE rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII (W  PREDELAH  [TATNOJ  ^ISLENNOSTI
>    \TOGO   aGENTSTWA),  WOZLOVIW  NA  NEGO  RAZRABOTKU  I  REALIZACI@
>    KOMPLEKSNYH  PROGRAMM   OBESPE^ENIQ   BEZOPASNOSTI   \KONOMI^ESKOJ
>    INFORMACII  ROSSIJSKIH  KREDITNO-FINANSOWYH  I DRUGIH \KONOMI^ESKI
>    ZNA^IMYH STRUKTUR STRANY.

   Create the Federal Center for Protection of Economic Information of
   the Federal Agency for Government Communications and Information of
   the President of the Russian Federation (within that Agency's
   staff), charging it with the development and implementation of
   overall programs for assuring the safety of the economic
   information of Russia's credit and financial and other economically
   significant structures of the country.

>        gENERALXNOMU        DIREKTORU       fEDERALXNOGO     AGENTSTWA
>    PRAWITELXSTWENNOJ SWQZI I  INFORMACII  PRI  pREZIDENTE  rOSSIJSKOJ
>    fEDERACII  W  2-MESQ^NYJ  SROK  UTWERDITX  POLOVENIE  OB UKAZANNOM
>    CENTRE.

   The General Director of the Federal Agency for Government
   Communications and Information of the President of the Russian
   Federation is to approve a charter of said center within 2 months.

>        9. nASTOQ]IJ uKAZ WSTUPAET W SILU SO DNQ EGO OPUBLIKOWANIQ.

   This Decree is in force since the day of its publication.

>                                                             pREZIDENT
>                                                  rOSSIJSKOJ fEDERACII
>                                                              b.elxcin

                                                              President
                                              of the Russian Federation
                                                               B.ELTSIN

- ---

<a href="mailto:dlv@bwalk.dm.com">Dr. Dimitri Vulis</a>

------- End of Forwarded Message


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