AOH :: HP Unsorted X :: BX3484.HTM

X Server Record and Security Extensions Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities



iDefense Security Advisory 06.11.08: Multiple Vendor X Server Record and Security Extensions Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities
iDefense Security Advisory 06.11.08: Multiple Vendor X Server Record and Security Extensions Multiple Memory Corruption Vulnerabilities



iDefense Security Advisory 06.11.08
http://labs.idefense.com/intelligence/vulnerabilities/ 
Jun 11, 2008

I. BACKGROUND

The X Window System is a graphical windowing system based on a
client/server model. For more information, see the vendor's site found
at the following link.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X_Window_System 

II. DESCRIPTION

Local exploitation of multiple memory corruption vulnerabilities in the
X.Org X server, as included in various vendors' operating system
distributions, could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code with
the privileges of the X server, typically root.

Multiple vulnerabilities are present in the Record and Security
extensions. In both cases, untrusted values are taken from a client
request, and used to swap the byte order of heap memory that follows
the client request. Since the number of bytes to swap is not properly
validated, it is possible to corrupt heap memory located after the
request. The following functions contain vulnerable code:

  SProcSecurityGenerateAuthorization()
  SProcRecordCreateContext()
  SProcRecordRegisterClients()

III. ANALYSIS

Exploitation allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code with the
privileges of the X server, typically root. In order to exploit these
vulnerabilities, an attacker must be able to send commands to an
affected X server. This typically requires access to the console or
access to the same account as a user who is on the console. One method
of gaining the required access is to remotely exploit a vulnerability
in, for example, a graphical web browser. This would then allow an
attacker to exploit this vulnerability and elevate their privileges to
root.

If an X Server is configured to listen for TCP based client connections,
and a client is granted access to create sessions (via the xhosts file),
then these vulnerabilities can be exploited remotely.

IV. DETECTION

iDefense has confirmed the existence of these vulnerabilities in X
server 1.4 included with X.org X11R7.3, with all patches as of 03/01/08
applied. Previous versions may also be affected.

V. WORKAROUND

Access to the vulnerable code in the SECURITY extension can be prevented
by preventing the X server from loading the extension. However, doing so
may seriously impair the functionality of the server. Adding the
following lines to the X configuration file will disable the SECURITY
extension:

  Section "Extensions"
    Option "SECURITY" "disable"
  EndSection

VI. VENDOR RESPONSE

The X.Org team has addressed these vulnerabilities by releasing patches
for version 1.4 of the X server. For more information, consult the
X.Org advisory at the following URL.

http://lists.freedesktop.org/archives/xorg/2008-June/036026.html 

VII. CVE INFORMATION

The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has assigned the
name CVE-2008-1377 to this issue. This is a candidate for inclusion in
the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org/), which standardizes names for 
security problems.

VIII. DISCLOSURE TIMELINE

03/26/2008  Initial vendor notification
03/26/2008  Initial vendor response
06/11/2008  Coordinated public disclosure

IX. CREDIT

This vulnerability was reported to iDefense by regenrecht.

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X. LEGAL NOTICES

Copyright =A9 2008 iDefense, Inc.

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Disclaimer: The information in the advisory is believed to be accurate
at the time of publishing based on currently available information. Use
of the information constitutes acceptance for use in an AS IS condition.
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