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Symantec Vulnerability Research
Advisory ID: SYMSA-2007-005
Advisory Title: Vista Windows Firewall Incorrectly Applies
Filtering to Teredo Interface
Author: Jim Hoagland / Ollie Whitehouse
Release Date: 10-07-2007
Application: Windows Firewall (Vista version)
Platform: Windows Vista (RTM and RC2 builds known affected;
XP, 2003 would not be affected)
Severity: Unintended remote exposure to services
Vendor status: Resolved in MS07-038
CVE Number: CVE-2007-3038
Windows Firewall for Windows Vista is the Microsoft provided
firewall solution. It is installed and enabled out-of-the-box,
with most ports filtered.
Due to an implementation issue, the Windows Firewall does not
apply firewall rules correctly on the Teredo Interface. This
allows a level of remote access to TCP and UDP ports and services
that exceeds what Microsoft expected and what an administrator
Teredo is an IPv4 to IPv6 transition mechanism for IPv6-capable
hosts that are located behind an IPv4 NAT. It is installed and
enabled out-of-the-box on Windows Vista. It provides end-to-end
automatic tunneling through a NAT by tunneling IPv6 over IPv4 UDP
packets. Once a Teredo interface becomes set up (in Teredo
terminology: qualified), anyone on the Internet that knows the
Teredo address can send it packets and possibly establish
sessions. This capability persists until the Teredo interface
becomes de-qualified for some reason; while in general Teredo
works to keep an Teredo interface qualified, under some
circumstances, Vista will shut down the interface after 60 minutes
By design, Windows Firewall is supposed to block all access to
ports on the Teredo interface, except for cases where
access-though-Teredo is specifically requested (through the "Edge
Traversal" flag in the firewall rule being set). However, due to a
logic bug, it does not apply this restriction. Instead, any port
that is accessible on the local network is also accessible from
any host on the Internet over the Teredo interface, even if the
firewall rule specifies "remote address=local subnet".
The level of exposure depends on current firewall rule settings.
An out-of-the-box Vista installation with a network profile set
to "private" will expose the following port across the Teredo
* TCP port 5357 (Web Services for Devices)
An exposed service may reveal sensitive or useful information to
an attacker. In combination with a vulnerability in the service
it may also provide an avenue of attack. In addition, a service
that was designed to only be accessible in trusted circumstances
may simply not present an adequate security posture for general
It is not considered difficult for a remote user to cause the
Teredo interface to become qualified. Teredo can become qualified
simply because Vista or some application wants to use IPv6 for
whatever reason. The attacker would then just have to guess the
Teredo address or learn it by some means and they would be able to
access any open ports.
Teredo will also become qualified if the address of a peer
represents a Teredo address (perhaps even if the peer has a native
IPv6 Internet access). Thus an attacker can send a URL of this
form "http://[2001:0:...]/..." through e-mail, IM, HTTP, etc, and
if the URL is followed, the attacker will both know the Teredo
address of the victim and will have had the victim become
qualified. A HTTP redirect to such a URL would also work and may be
more stealthy. Reportedly, Vista will not return AAAA records
corresponding to Teredo addresses, so attackers Teredo address
would have to be listed by address and not by hostname.
This has been patched in MS07-038.
Apply the patch contained in MS07-038.
In addition you should consider whether Teredo poses an acceptable
level of exposure to your network. If it provides too much
exposure (e.g., due to bypassing network-based security controls),
you should disable Teredo and block it on your network
Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) Information:
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) project has
assigned the following names to these issues. These are
candidates for inclusion in the CVE list (http://cve.mitre.org),
which standardizes names for security problems.
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