AOH :: HP Unsorted V :: BX4021.HTM

Vim: Unfixed Vulnerabilities in Tar Plugin Version 20



Vim: Unfixed Vulnerabilities in Tar Plugin Version 20
Vim: Unfixed Vulnerabilities in Tar Plugin Version 20



Vim: Unfixed Vulnerabilities in Tar Plugin Version 20

1. SUMMARY

Product  : Vim -- Vi IMproved
Version  : Vim >= 7.0 (possibly older), present in 7.2c.002
           autoload/tar.vim >= 9 (possibly older), present in version 20
Impact   : Arbitrary code execution
Wherefrom: Local, remote
CVE      : CVE-2008-2712
Original : http://www.rdancer.org/vulnerablevim-tarplugin-update.html 

The Vim Tar Plugin vulnerabilities published in our previous advisories
have been addressed, but the changes do not provide fix for all attack
vectors.  We analyses some of the vulnerabilities remaining in
``$VIMRUNTIME/autoload/tar.vim''.


2. BACKGROUND

  ``Vim is an almost compatible version of the UNIX editor Vi.  Many new
    features have been added: multi-level undo, syntax highlighting,
    command line history, on-line help, spell checking, filename
    completion, block operations, etc.''

		-- Vim README.txt

 ``When one edits a *.tar file, this plugin will handle displaying a
   contents page.  Select a file to edit by moving the cursor atop
   the desired file, then hit the  key.  After editing, one may
   also write to the file.''

		-- Tar File Interface (pi_tar.txt)


3. ATTEMPTED FIX

These are all the ``execute'' and system() calls in the current code
(autoload/tar.vim version 20, 2008-07-30) code.  It can be seen that all
the vulnerable statements have been changed.  Unfortunately, not all the
changes provide a sufficient fix.  (We analyse the vulnerabilities in
section 4 below):

    133	   let tarfile=substitute(system("cygpath -u
".s:Escape(tarfile,0)),'\n$','','e')
    138	   exe "silent r! gzip -d -c -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)." |
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions." - "
    141	   exe "silent r! cat -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)."|gzip -d -c
-|".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions." - "
    144	   exe "silent r! bzip2 -d -c -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)." |
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions." - "
    147	   exe "silent r! ".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions."
".s:Escape(tarfile,1)
    163	   exe "r ".fnameescape(a:tarfile)
    198	   let tarfile=substitute(system("cygpath -u
".s:Escape(tarfile,0)),'\n$','','e')
    223	   let tarfile=substitute(system("cygpath -u
".s:Escape(tarfile,0)),'\n$','','e')
    244	   exe "silent r! gzip -d -c -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)."|
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions." - ".s:Escape(fname,1).decmp
    247	   exe "silent r! cat -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)." | gzip -d -c
- | ".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions." - ".s:Escape(fname,1).decmp
    250	   exe "silent r! bzip2 -d -c -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)."|
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions." - ".s:Escape(fname,1).decmp
    253	   exe "silent r! ".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions."
".s:Escape(tarfile,1)." -- ".s:Escape(fname,1).decmp
    262	  exe "file tarfile::".fnameescape(fname)
    308	   exe "cd ".fnameescape(tmpdir)
    332	   call system("gzip -d -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,0))
    336	   call system("gzip -d -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,0))
    341	   call system("bzip2 -d -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,0))
    359	     let dirpath = substitute(system("cygpath
".s:Escape(dirpath, 0)),'\n','','e')
    368	   exe "w! ".fnameescape(fname)
    370	    let tarfile = substitute(system("cygpath
".s:Escape(tarfile,0)),'\n','','e')
    375	   call system("tar --delete -f ".s:Escape(tarfile,0)." --
".s:Escape(fname,0))
    384	    call system("tar -".g:tar_writeoptions."
".s:Escape(tarfile,0)." -- ".s:Escape(fname,0))
    391	     call system(compress)
    407	    exe "e! ".fnameescape(tarfile)
    419	  exe "cd ".fnameescape(curdir)
    431	   call system("/bin/rm -rf -- ".s:Escape(a:fname,0))
    434	    call system("/bin/rm -rf -- ".s:Escape(a:fname,0))
    436	    call system("del /S ".s:Escape(a:fname,0))

This is the listing from section ``3.4.2.3.1.'' of the original
advisory[1], for reference:

     99	  exe "$put ='".'\"'." Browsing tarfile ".a:tarfile."'"
    107	   let tarfile=substitute(system("cygpath -u ".tarfile),'\n$','','e')
    112	   exe "silent r! gzip -d -c ".g:tar_shq.tarfile.g:tar_shq."|
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions." - "
    115	   exe "silent r! bzip2 -d -c ".g:tar_shq.tarfile.g:tar_shq."|
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions." - "
    118	   exe "silent r! ".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions."
".g:tar_shq.tarfile.g:tar_shq
    134	   exe "r ".a:tarfile
    169	   let tarfile=substitute(system("cygpath -u ".tarfile),'\n$','','e')
    192	   let tarfile=substitute(system("cygpath -u ".tarfile),'\n$','','e')
    199	   exe "silent r! gzip -d -c ".g:tar_shq.tarfile.g:tar_shq."|
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions." - '".fname."'"
    202	   exe "silent r! bzip2 -d -c ".g:tar_shq.tarfile.g:tar_shq."|
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions." - '".fname."'"
    205	   exe "silent r! ".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions."
".g:tar_shq.tarfile.g:tar_shq." ".g:tar_shq.fname.g:tar_shq
    208	  exe "file tarfile:".fname
    278	   call system("gzip -d ".tarfile)
    282	   call system("gzip -d ".tarfile)
    287	   call system("bzip2 -d ".tarfile)
    303	     let dirpath = substitute(system("cygpath ".dirpath),'\n','','e')
    312	   exe "w! ".fname
    314	    let tarfile = substitute(system("cygpath ".tarfile),'\n','','e')
    319	   call system("tar --delete -f '".tarfile."' '".fname."'")
    335	     call system(compress)
    351	    exe "e! ".tarfile


4. VULNERABILITIES

4.1. Untrusted File Names Interpreted as Optional Argument

4.1.1. POSIX Systems

The POSIX end-of-options double-dash (--) is missing from some of the
commands invoked by system() -- line 244 a.o.:

    244	   exe "silent r! gzip -d -c -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)."|
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_readoptions." - ".s:Escape(fname,1).decmp

The resulting command looks like this:

    gzip -d -c -- TARBALL | tar -OPxf - MEMBER

MEMBER can be interpreted by tar(1) as a command line option.  This can
be still used to execute arbitrary shell commands (cf. e.g. the
``--compress-program'' option of tar(1)).


4.1.2. Other Systems

With implementations of tar(1) (and other programs) that do not
understand the double-dash convention, another mechanism must be used to
prevent the file name from being interpreted as command line options.
At the same time, the current code may confuse such programs.

It is not possible for Vim to know the invocation syntax of external
programs.  As the double-dash security measure may not be present in any
given external command, the security of commands that pass untrusted
input to these external commands is not be guaranteed.


4.2 Unspecified Behaviour of system() and  ``!''

4.2.1. The system() Function

system(), does not invoke /bin/sh to run the commands, as does the C
Standard Library function of the same name.  Rather, it uses the program
specified in the Vim internal option 'shell'.  The full details of how
system() works can be found in the Vim Manual:

  ``system({expr} [, {input}])				*system()* *E677*
    [...]
    The command executed is constructed using several options:
    'shell' 'shellcmdflag' 'shellxquote' {expr} 'shellredir' {tmp} 'shellxquote'
    ({tmp} is an automatically generated file name).  For Unix and OS/2
    braces are put around {expr} to allow for concatenated commands.''

    		-- Vim Reference Manual (``eval.txt'')

As the particularities of how this program interprets the command can
not be known, it is inherently impossible to say anything meaningful as
to whether there are security issues.  In fact, it is not possible to
say anything about how the command will be interpreted, or if it will be
interpreted at all.  In the absence of a baseline specification, the
behaviour of system() as implemented by Vim can only be described as
"unspecified".

By setting the respective options to known values, it may be possible to
reach the C Standard Library system() functionality.  There will still
be problems on systems without /bin/sh, and on systems where /bin/sh is
not POSIX-conformant.


4.2.2. The ``!'' Command

The same applies to the ``!'' command, as used e.g. on line 138:

    138	   exe "silent r! gzip -d -c -- ".s:Escape(tarfile,1)." |
".g:tar_cmd." -".g:tar_browseoptions." - "

The ``r!'' means the ``read'' command reads the output of the ``!''
command, which in turn executes shell commands, in a way similar to
system().


5. EXPLOIT

No exploit code is provided.


6. REFERENCES

[1] Collection of Vulnerabilities in Fully Patched Vim 7.1
http://www.rdancer.org/vulnerablevim.html 


7. COPYRIGHT

This advisory is Copyright 2008 Jan Minar  

Copying welcome, under the Creative Commons ``Attribution-Share Alike''
License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ 

Code included herein, and accompanying this advisory, may be copied
according to the GNU General Public License version 2, or the Vim
license.  See the subdirectory ``licenses''.

Various portions of the accompanying code were written by various
parties.  Those parties may hold copyright, and those portions may be
copied according to their respective licenses.


8. HISTORY

2008-08-08 Sent to: , , 
, 
, 
	   Charles E Campbell, Jr (Vim Tar Plugin Maintainer)
 

The entire AOH site is optimized to look best in Firefox® 3 on a widescreen monitor (1440x900 or better).
Site design & layout copyright © 1986-2014 AOH
We do not send spam. If you have received spam bearing an artofhacking.com email address, please forward it with full headers to abuse@artofhacking.com.