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UW/Panda IMAP mail buffer overflow



Bitsec Security Advisory: UW/Panda IMAP mail buffer overflow
Bitsec Security Advisory: UW/Panda IMAP mail buffer overflow



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==============================================================================Bitsec Security Advisory:  UW/Panda IMAP [dt]mail buffer overflow    2008-11-03
==============================================================================
Applications   tmail/dmail in UW IMAP [2002-2007c], Panda IMAP, Alpine <= 2.00 

Discovered by Aron Andersson , 
Jan Sahlin  
Researched by Aron Andersson  

Reference http://www.bitsec.com/en/rad/bsa-081103.txt 
GPG Key http://www.bitsec.com/labs.asc 

Overview

  tmail and dmail are mail delivery agents that deliver mail to a user's INBOX
  or a designated folder, specified by the folder extension in the user+folder
  argument on the command line. If tmail is used for mail delivery from a
  process whose UID is not the destination user, it must be installed setuid
  root; dmail can be used when the process is run as the destination user.

Problem

  A vulnerability exists in both applications due to missing boundary checks on
  the folder extension argument from the command line. The bug can be exploited
  by overflowing a stack buffer via an overly long folder name.

  For tmail, this could allow for arbitrary code execution as the root user. As
  mentioned the vulnerability also exists for dmail, but the impact is a bit
  less critical since it usually runs as the recipient user and not root.

  Depending on the mailer daemon and configuration in use, this bug may also
  be remotely exploitable.

  The bug is caused by the following pieces of code:
  [tmail.c]
    char *getusername (char *s,char **t)
    {
      char tmp[MAILTMPLEN];
      if (*t = strchr (s,'+')) {    /* have a mailbox specifier? */
        *(*t)++ = '\0';             /* yes, tie off user name */
                                    /* user+ and user+INBOX same as user */
        if (!**t || !strcmp ("INBOX",ucase (strcpy (tmp,*t)))) *t = NIL;
      }
      return s;                     /* return user name */
    }

  [dmail.c]
    int deliver (FILE *f,unsigned long msglen,char *user)
    {
      MAILSTREAM *ds = NIL;
      char *s,*mailbox,tmp[MAILTMPLEN],path[MAILTMPLEN];
      STRING st;
      struct stat sbuf;
                                    /* have a mailbox specifier? */
      if (mailbox = strchr (user,'+')) {
        *mailbox++ = '\0';          /* yes, tie off user name */
        if (!*mailbox || !strcmp ("INBOX",ucase (strcpy (tmp,mailbox))))
          mailbox = NIL;            /* user+ and user+INBOX same as user */
      }
    (..)

  The user+folder command line argument reaches deliver() and getusername()
  through the char pointers 's' and 'user', respectively. The folder part is
  separated from the user and copied to the buffer 'tmp'. Since 'tmp' is placed
  on the stack, an overly long folder name can be used to overwrite stack data,
  including but not limited to the saved EIP.

Exploit
  
  A proof-of-concept exploit for this vulnerability has been developed but will
  not be publicly released until 2008-11-10, by which time it can be found at

http://www.bitsec.com/en/rad/bsa-081103.c 

Fix
  
  Upgrade to the latest version from your IMAP vendor:

  - UW IMAP: 2007d
http://www.washington.edu/imap/ 

  - Panda IMAP: tmail ver 2008.24, dmail ver 2008.19  
http://www.panda.com/imap/ 

  - Alpine: No fix, tmail/dmail users should get UW IMAP 2007d
http://www.washington.edu/alpine/ 

Disclosure Timeline

  2008-10-24 Notified developers (Mark Crispin, Steve Hubert)
  2008-10-27 Received response from developers
  2008-10-27 Panda IMAP patched
  2008-10-30 UW IMAP patched
  2008-11-03 Public release

==============================================================================Bitsec Security Advisory:  UW/Panda IMAP [dt]mail buffer overflow    2008-11-03
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