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Xerox WorkCentre Printers Web Interface Backdoor and Vulnerabilities



SEC Consult SA-20100208-0 :: Backdoor and Vulnerabilities in Xerox WorkCentre Printers Web Interface
SEC Consult SA-20100208-0 :: Backdoor and Vulnerabilities in Xerox WorkCentre Printers Web Interface



SEC Consult Security Advisory < 20100208-0 >
======================================================================              title: Backdoor and Vulnerabilities in Xerox 
                     WorkCentre Printers Web Interface
           products: Xerox WorkCentre 5665/5675/5687
 vulnerable version: 21.120.39.000 and possibly others
fixed version: http://www.xerox.com/information-security/enus.html 
             impact: critical
homepage: http://www.xerox.com/ 
              found: 2009-10-05
by: D. Fabian / SEC Consult / www.sec-consult.com 
======================================================================
Vendor description:
-------------------
WorkCentre 5665 / 5675 / 5687
High-speed performance, outstanding productivity and advanced
multifunction capabilities. These are the essentials of the all-in-one
offce powerhouse that easily handles the high-volume print demands of
large, busy workgroups. And with robust copying, scanning, faxing and a
host of innovative Xerox technologies, you get a total workfow solution
that excels at streamlining your unique job processes.


Vulnerability 1: Backdoor to Mailboxes
--------------------------------------
For some reasons, Xerox decided to integrate a backdoor into the scan
system of the WorkCentre 5665 / 5675 / 5678 web interface. Scan folders
("mailboxes") can be protected with a password. The documentation says
on folder passwords:

"A folder password may or may not be required depending on the Scan
Policies set by the administrator. If a password is required to create
a folder, type the password here. If no password is required by the
Scan Policies, you can optionally choose whether or not to password
protect your folder."

Some files require a job password. If someone tries to access a private
folder without logging in previously, this does not work since a cookie
is compared to a precomputed checksum. However there is a script named
"YoUgoT_It.php" that creates the correct checksum for any folder. By
simply calling the script with the folder name as argument, an attacker
can access any folder.

Here is the relevant code from the file folder.php that allows access,
if the checksum is correct:

	/* see if the private folder is trying to be accessed, without
	logging in previously; this can be done by checking to see if
	the cookie matches the computed "checksum" */
	
	if ( $gFolderName === $_SESSION['MBOX_FOLDER'] )
	{
		// continue on as this is okay
	}
	elseif (( false === isset( $_COOKIE[$gFolderName] )) ||
		( $theChecksum !== $_COOKIE[$gFolderName] ))
	{
		header( "Location: /mailbox/pin.php?" . NAME_KEY .
	"=" . $gFolderName ); exit;
	}


Vulnerability 2: Authentication not validated
---------------------------------------------
In multiple instances, when a password is required to access certain
pages, the developers seemed to forget the vital "die()" or "exit()"
statement after the redirect. This allows an attacker access to
multiple pages that would require authentication.

Here are a couple of examples:
/diagnostics/authenticationQuery.php:

	if ( "" === $gUserName )
	{
		header( "Location: /properties/authentication/login.php?redir=" .
					$_SERVER['SCRIPT_NAME'] );
	}
	elseif ( false === $gSaLoggedIn )
	{
		header( "Location: /properties/no_modify.php" );
	}
	
/php_includes/sa_check.php: This script seems to check whether the
	currently logged in user is an administrative user

	if ( "" === $gUserName )
	{
		header( "Location: /properties/authentication/login.php?redir=" .
					$_SERVER['REQUEST_URI'] );
	}
	elseif (( false === $gSaLoggedIn ) &&
			( "" !== $gUserName ))
	{
		header( "Location: /properties/no_modify.php" );
		exit;
	}
	
As you can see from the code, if the user is logged in, but not an
	administrator, he is correctly denied access. However if the
	user is not logged in at all, only a Location-header is sent,
	but the rest of the script can continue to run.

The very same vulnerability can be found in many cases. In some cases,
the authentication is also only in the page that provides only the
frameset. The actual content-pages can be called without any
authentication at all.


Vulnerable versions:
--------------------
The vulnerabilities were discovered in version 21.120.39.000. It is
likely that other versions are affected also.


Vendor contact timeline:
------------------------
2009-10-06: Contacting the Xerox Security Team via Email


Solution:
---------
http://www.xerox.com/information-security/enus.html 
http://www.xerox.com/downloads/usa/en/c/cert_XRX10-002_v1.0.pdf 

Advisory URL:
-------------
https://www.sec-consult.com/advisories_e.html#a65 


~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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A-1190 Vienna
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Tel.: +43 / 1 / 890 30 43 - 0
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information, please refer to https://www.sec-consult.com/academy_e.html 

EOF D. Fabian / @2009

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