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Altiris Deployment Server Agent - Privilege Escalation



Insomnia : ISVA-081020.1 - Altiris Deployment Server Agent - Privilege Escalation
Insomnia : ISVA-081020.1 - Altiris Deployment Server Agent - Privilege Escalation



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 Insomnia Security Vulnerability Advisory: ISVA-081020.1
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 Name: Altiris Deployment Server Agent - Privilege Escalation 
 Released: 20 October 2008
  
 Vendor Link: 
http://www.altiris.com/ 
  
 Affected Products:
    Altiris Deployment Server 6.X
 
 Original Advisory: 
http://www.insomniasec.com/advisories/ISVA-081020.1.htm 
 
 Researcher: 
    Brett Moore, Insomnia Security
http://www.insomniasec.com 
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 Description
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Altiris Deployment Server agent is installed as part of the 
Altiris packages to allow the Deployment Server to manage software
for machines. It is usually installed to 
C:\Program Files\Altiris\AClient and the main running agent 
is called AClient.exe. 

By default the agent runs under the Local System account and is
vulnerable to numerous Shatter Attack vulnerabilities leading
to an attacker running code under the Local System privilege.

We reported a first instance of this vulnerability which was
then patched, we then alerted Symantec to the second vulnerability.

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 Details
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The main windows of the AClient GUI has a hidden button that
can be seen using a resource viewer such as MS Spy++. The
button has a caption of "command prompt".

Clicking this button causes the GUI to attempt to call 
CreateProcess() with the following CommandLine parameter.
"c:\Program Files\Altiris\AClient\cmd.exe"

The AClient GUI also has a ListView control which can be
which can be used to overwrite process memory. Using the
ListView, it is possible to overwrite a static pointer
to modify the CommandLine parameter in such a way that
a cmd.exe shell is executed with SYSTEM level privileges.

We then reported the second issue.

The deployment server agent makes use of the LoadLibrary() API 
function and passes a static address of a string from with the 
data segment.

By exploiting the ListView to overwrite the data segment string, 
it is possible to cause the agent to load a malicious dll file.

>From the aclient.exe code
004AA890   PUSH ESI
004AA891   PUSH EDI
004AA892   PUSH AClient.005858A0        ; ASCII "kernel32.dll"
004AA897   XOR EDI,EDI
004AA899   CALL DWORD PTR DS:[<&KERNEL32.LoadLibrar>;

The malicious dll file can then spawn a command shell, or similar,
running under the LocalSystem context.

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 Solution
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Symantec have released a security update to address this issue;
http://www.symantec.com/avcenter/security/Content/2008.10.20a.html 

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 Legals
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The information is provided for research and educational purposes
only. Insomnia Security accepts no liability in any form whatsoever
for any direct or indirect damages associated with the use of this
information.

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Insomnia Security Vulnerability Advisory: ISVA-081020.1
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