AOH :: HP Unsorted A :: VA1510.HTM

Graphviz Buffer Overflow Code Execution



Advisory: Graphviz Buffer Overflow Code Execution
Advisory: Graphviz Buffer Overflow Code Execution



The graphviz team has just released a patch to a critical security issue
I reported to them.

The following is the advisory (also available at
http://roeehay.blogspot.com/2008/10/graphviz-buffer-overflow-code-execution.html):

Background
==========
Graphviz is an open-source multi-platform graph visualization software. It
takes a description of graphs in a simple text format (DOT language), and
makes diagrams out of it in several useful formats (including SVG).

Description
===========
A vulnerability exists in Graphviz's parsing engine which makes it possible to
overflow a globally allocated array and corrupt memory by doing so.

parser.y (Graphviz 2.20.2):

  34:  static Agraph_t        *Gstack[32];
  35:  static int            GSP;
  45:  static void push_subg(Agraph_t *g)
  46:  {
  47:       G = Gstack[GSP++] = g;
  48:  }

  As it can be seen, no bounds check is performed by the push_svg procedure,
  allowing one to overflow Gstack by pushing more than 32 (Agraph_t *)
  elements.

Impact/Severity
===============
A malicious user can achieve an arbitrary code execution by creating a
specially crafted DOT file and convince the victim to render it using Graphviz.


Affected versions
=================
Graphviz 2.20.2 is affected by this vulnerability. Older version are probably
affected as well.

Workaround
===========
Version 2.20.3 has been released in order to address this issue. A bounds check
has been added in order to avoid an overflow.

parser.y (Graphviz 2.20.3):

  34:  #define GSTACK_SIZE 64
  35:  static Agraph_t      *Gstack[GSTACK_SIZE];
  36:  static int            GSP;
  45:
  46:  static void push_subg(Agraph_t *g)
  47:  {
  48:      if (GSP >= GSTACK_SIZE) {
  49:          agerr (AGERR, "Gstack overflow in graph parser\n"); exit(1);
  50:      }
  51:      G = Gstack[GSP++] = g;
  52:  }

Acknowledgements
================
I would like to thank the Graphviz team (Stephen C. North, John Ellson,
Emden R. Gansner and others) for their quick responses and fix (it took them
only a day since my disclosure to release a patch!).

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